"According to UNAIDS' most recent epidemic update, sub-Saharan Africa has just over 10% of the world's population, but more than 60% of all people living with HIV/Aids. The three case studies in this book look at the history of national Aids control programmes in Botswana, Senegal and Uganda. They examine the policy-making environment, the interaction between government and various elements of civil society, and the role that political decisiveness and leadership play in a country's coming to grips with the pandemic. The aim is to identify lessons — what worked, what did not, and what we can learn from these examples.For most of the period for which there are HIV/Aids statistics, Botswana has had the highest prevalence rate in Africa. In contrast, Senegal's infection level has remained below 2%, while in Uganda national HIV prevalence peaked at more than 15% in the early 1990s before dropping steadily. The experiences of the three countries examined in this report should provide some examples of good practice in fighting AIDS on the African continent."