African Peer Review Mechanism: Development Lessons from Africa's Remarkable Governance Assessment System

This case study of the African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM) seeks to examine the lessons it holds about South–South knowledge exchange, South–South co-operation(SSC), capacity development and development effectiveness. This case study outlines the achievements, benefits and best practices of the APRM in its first 10 years of existence.The case study is structured in three main parts. The first section describes the context and background that led to the establishment of NEPAD and the APRM, and the relationship between the two institutions. The second section explores the key challenge of capacities for ownership and mutual accountability, by examining country ownership and the participation of governments and four main stakeholder groups – parliament, CSOs, the media and the private sector. The third section unpacks the notion of boosting mutual learning and knowledge exchange, in four major sub-sections on promoting peer learning, strengthening SSC, capacity development and development effectiveness.