African Journal on Conflict Resolution vol. 14, no. 2, 2014
‘Security regionalism and flaws of externally forged peace in Sudan: The IGAD peace process and its aftermath’ examines the IGAD peace process in Sudan, highlighting the dynamics and relative roles of the principal actors involved. It argues that although the negotiations were portrayed as inherently sub-regional, and adhering to the idea of ‘African solutions for African problems,’ a closer analysis reveals that the peace process was dominated by external protagonists. ‘Formal and informal land tenure systems in Afar region, Ethiopia: Perceptions, attitudes and implications for land use disputes’ analyses land administration trajectories and dynamics in Afar region. It assesses how contradictions between statutory and customary tenure systems shape relations between multiple resource users including the state, investors, local communities, and neighbouring cultural groups. ‘The Nigerian State as an equilibrium of violence: An explanation of the Boko Haram insurgency in Northern Nigeria’ argues that the Boko Haram insurgency in Nigeria is a religious crisis that is flowing directly from the country’s political system. It is the political system in Nigeria that has brought about the present realities of corruption, poverty, and underdevelopment throughout the country. Religion has only served, especially in northern Nigeria, to ignite these realities into a violent flame. In ‘Pastoral conflict in Kenya: Transforming mimetic violence to mimetic blessings between Turkana and Pokot communities, ’ livestock raiding has been a source of conflict amongst and between pastoral societies in Africa for hundreds of years. However, more recently, these raids have become more violent and have triggered much more organised retaliations. Many times raids themselves are perceived as motivated by ethnic dimensions. This paper looks at tensions and conflict between Turkana and Pokot communities in rural Kenya. ‘Terrorism and governance crisis: The Boko Haram experience in Nigeria’ argues that, despite the strategic role played by Islamic religion in the uprising, terrorism and its security threats in northern Nigeria are more a product of a governance crisis including pervasive corruption, growing youth unemployment and poverty. It further argues that if good governance concurrently with development is not employed as a remedial strategy, the Nigerian State will further create a much more enabling environment for the growth of resistance from below. Thus, it concludes that good governance and credible leadership practices are antidotes to terrorism in Nigeria.