"The articles on Rwanda and Sudan focus on post-tragedy situations in which justice (punitive and/or curative) and recovery (economic, social and/ or political) are pursued. They are ‘after’ papers with ‘before’ messages. The article on electoral violence is a retrospective one – containing explanations of prospective value. The Niger Delta article is about a promising new approach emerging during a tenaciously protracted conflict. And the two articles dealing with traditional approaches and strategies discuss ways in which wisdom and expertise accumulated in the past can be incorporated into current ways of handling conflict. Moreover, several of the time-proven elements warrant ongoing use in the foreseeable future."