"The paper begins, in Section 2, with a broad analysis of the structure and growth of African agriculture. This pays particular attention to the significance and contribution of the agricultural sector to the overall African economy, the structure and growth performance of agricultural production, and the structure and growth of Africa’s agricultural trade. Section 3 focuses on the identification and analysis of the key internal and external factors that seem to explain the structure and performance of Africa’s agricultural production and trade. In the next section, the paper discusses the main elements of URAA and explores the effects of its different provisions on the agricultural sectors of various categories of African countries. Section 5 turns attention to an analysis of the long-term strategic issues associated with the development of African agriculture in the context of a more liberalized global trading system.This section also concludes the paper."