This report informs on the millenium seminar which focused on strengthening Africa’s regional integration efforts and had three important goals: • To review the continent’s socio-economic and political condition and consider the development paradigms that are being implemented in Africa; • To address commitments made by African leaders to lay the national, sub-regional, and continental foundations for socio-economic and political transformation that will enable Africa’s development to outpace that of other developing regions; and • To assess objectively Africa’s security, governance, regional integration, and development challenges.