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The ZIPAR Quarterly Issue 3

The cover story in this newsletter focuses on the 2013-2014 Zambia Demographic and Health Survey (ZDHS) report. The article highlights two critical reasons why the launch of the report is timely. Firstly, the Revised Sixth National Development Pla...

Improving Institutional Effectiveness to Provide Decent Job Opportunities in Kenya

Since independence, the creation of productive and sustainable employment opportunities has remained a central policy priority of the Kenyan government. Although there has not been a lack of policy initiatives regarding the employment challenge in...

Improving Prospects for South Africa's Youth: Education, Vocational Training Still Key Priorities

"This paper examines South Africa’s progress in building young people’s human and labour-market capacities through education. Longitudinal data from Afrobarometer and the Institute for Justice and Reconciliation’s (IJR) Transformation Audit indica...

Improving Youth Livelihoods Ivory Coast

"After more than a decade of political and military struggles, job creation, especially for youth, is one of the Ivorian government’s biggest concerns.The 1980s were tough years for the Ivorian economy, and living conditions have deteriorated sinc...

L’emplois des jeunes en Côte d’Ivoire Une étude diagnostique / Youth Employment in Ivory Coast A Diagnostic Study

More than a decade of political and military crisis in Côte d' Ivoire has greatly contributed to the deteriorating conditions of life, especially among vulnerable segments of the population, including youth. Since the crisis in April 2011, the Ivo...

Youth Employment in Sub-Saharan Africa Taking Stock of the Evidence and Knowledge Gaps

"Youth employment is a pressing challenge throughout sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) today. With a median age of only 24 projected by 2050, the UN estimates that Africa’s 15-24 year-old age group will swell by about six million each year for the next d...

Enhancing Youth Employability Zambia

"In the last decade, Zambia’s population grew by an average of 3 percent a year — faster than the average for sub-Saharan Africa of 2.7 percent. Despite economic growth of 6 percent a year since 2000, Zambia remains challenged by high levels of p...

Youth Employment Challenges in Zambia A Statistical Profile, Current Policy Frameworks and Existing Interventions

"This paper examines the potential role of research in addressing the youth employment challenge in Zambia, focusing in particular on what evidence is needed to inform responsive policies and interventions. It overviews what is known about how you...

Boosting Youth Employment Prospects Tanzania

"Despite economic growth, and modest progress in tackling poverty, some 43 percent of Tanzania’s people still survive on less than US $1.25/day. Half of Tanzanians today are under the age of 15, and with the population increasing by 2.7 percent ...

Tanzania: Skills and Youth Employment A Scoping Paper

"With half its people today under the age of 15, and with its population growing each year, Tanzania must find ways to ease its large and growing youth cohort into a labour market that currently offers too few prospects. While it depends heavily ...

The African Lions: Kenya Country Case Study

The drivers of economic growth in Kenya and the linkages to the labour market dynamics, are mainly analyzed in this paper, with a focus on population growth, its structure, and the prospects of reaping a demographic dividend. This is in recognitio...

Poverty, Youth and Rural - Urban Migration in Ethiopia

Poverty and lack of opportunity in rural Ethiopia drives migration. This paper explores how poor rural-urban migrants fare in the cities of Ethiopia, what the outcomes of migration are in the short term, and what migrants hope to achieve in the l...

Investigating the Feasibility of a National Minimum Wage for South Africa

Currently in South Africa, minimum wages are organized through two main structures: Bargaining Councils (BC) and Sectoral Determinations (SD). Together, these cover close to 70 percent of low-wage workers in the country. More recently, however, ...

The South African Township Economy and Informal Micro - Enterprises : What are the Prospects for Youth Employment and Entrepreneurship?

Most youth will need to find employment in the informal sector, if they want to be employed. Yet data on labour force participation indicates that youth are not widely active in self-employed activities or informally employed in micro-enterprises....

Improving Rice Self-Sufficiency Policies in West-Africa: Challenges and Opportunities - Dakar Workshop Report

In this report, an account of the main discussion items is reflected, as well as analyses and proposals made for the improvement of rice self-sufficiency policies in West Africa. The first section summarizes an inaugural conference on the challen...

Evaluation of Rwanda's Youth and Employment Policies

"The broad aim of this research project is to generate innovative approaches and coherent policy messages with which youth employment and poverty reduction can be generated from economic growth at a faster pace in Rwanda. The first part of this st...

Foresight Africa: Top Priorities for the Continent in 2013

"The following briefs comprises the Foresight Africa collection and are meant to create a dialogue on what matters in Africa for 2013. John Page argues that Africa’s youth unemployment challenges encompass more than just a lack of jobs since Afric...

Entrepreneuriat des Jeunes et Développement de l’Esprit d’Entreprise au Maroc : l’Expérience de Moukawalati / Youth Entrepreneurship and the Entrepreneurship Spirit in Morocco : the Moukawalati Experience

"The Moukawalati programme, which is the subject of our research, aims to combat youth unemployment in Morocco through the promotion of the enterprise spirit and the improvement of the business climate. Hence the formulation of several recommenda...

What Ails the Young? Insights into Africa's Youth from the African Peer Review Mechanism

"Examining the state of Africa’s youth primarily through the lens of the reports compiled through the African Peer Review Mechanism – Africa’s innovative governance assessment system – this paper discusses two primary sets of challenges. The first...

The New Alliance on Food Security and Nutrition: What are the Implications for Africa's Youth?

"Young people are a growing proportion of Africa’s population and most live in poverty in rural areas. Despite urbanisation, in absolute numbers the rural youth are growing and agricultural development needs to prioritise opportunities for them t...

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