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Explaining South African Xenophobia

"After widespread violence in 2008 and 2015, South Africa is now clearly one of most hostile destinations in the world for African migrants. Existing research on the determinants of South African xenophobia has focused on developing and advancing th…

Regionalizing Xenophobia? Citizen Attitudes to Immigration and Refugee Policy in Southern Africa

The negative attitudes of South Africans towards non-citizens, migrants and refugees have been documented in several recent studies. Xenophobia has been officially recognized as a major problem by the state and steps have been taken by government an…

Social Cohesion among South Africans, and between South Africans and Foreigners: Evidence from the South African Reconciliation Barometer 2017

The first section of this paper, discusses the question: What in your view are the underlying causes of ongoing stigma and discrimination experienced by migrant communities in South Africa? In this section, the author considers the state of social c…

Migrants in Countries in Crisis: South Africa Case Study: The Double Crisis – Mass Migration From Zimbabwe And Xenophobic Violence in South Africa

The protracted economic and political crisis in Zimbabwe led directly to a major increase in mixed migration flows to South Africa. Migrants were drawn from every sector of society, all education and skill levels, equal numbers of both sexes, and …

Problematizing the Foreign Shop: Justifications for Restricting the Migrant Spaza Sector in South Africa

Small businesses owned by international migrants and refugees are often the target of xenophobic hostility and attack in South Africa. This has led various governance actors including the police, government ministers and provincial premiers to call…

Mean Streets, Migration, Xenophobia and Informality in South Africa

Against the backdrop of ongoing hostility towards migrant entrepreneurs in the corridors of power and on the streets of major cities, the partners in the Growing Informal Cities Project convened a policy workshop on migrant entrepreneurship in South…

Half of South Africans would Refuse Asylum, bar Foreign Workers, Place Refugees in Camps

Every few years, since 2008, South Africa is rocked by xenophobic violence. Houses are burnt, shops are looted, and people are killed, injured, or forced out of their homes and communities. This violence usually erupts under the pretext that foreign…

COVID-19's Impact on South Africa's Relations with Africa

COVID-19 once again proves the axiom that crises bring out the best – and worst – in us. The same can be said of South Africa’s leadership of the continent during this time. Where there has been strong political will and clear focus, South Africa ha…

Citizens Perception on Migration in South Africa

This bulletin gives insight into the feelings of South Africans with regard to migrants. It gives a perception of how migrants will be accepted into the workplace and neighbourhoods. It also looks at the extent to which migrants will be welcomed as…

South Africans Bemoan the Presence of Foreigners in their Spaces

"The most recent attacks on foreigners in Soweto and Kagiso that resulted in the deaths of 6 people and the looting of over 70 foreign owned shops, raises critical questions about the security of foreigners in a country that prides itself in the phi…

Mauritians Welcome Ethnic/Religious Diversity but are Less Tolerant of Homosexuals and People Living with HIV/AIDS

"Despite their multiplicity of ethnic/cultural (European, African, Indian, Chinese) and religious (Hindu, Christian, Muslim, Buddhist) backgrounds, Mauritians have experienced few incidents of ethnic or religious violence. The last major incident d…

Xenophobic Violence in South Africa: Denialism, Minimalism, Realism

"Violent xenophobia has become a regular feature of South African life. Everyday animosity frequently spills over into violence against individual migrants and refugees and their economic enterprises. Some of these incidents reach the scrutiny of th…

Migrant Entrepreneurship, Collective Violence and Xenophobia in South Africa

"South Africa provides an important case study of how citizen attitudes and behaviours materially affect the business climate for migrant entrepreneurs. Trying to run a business in the informal economy is an especially hazardous undertaking in South…

Immigration Remains a Challenge for South Africa's Government and Citizens

Deadly and widespread attacks on foreigners in April and October 2015 echoed well-publicized violence in the 1990s and early 2000s that led some observers to see xenophobia both as endemic to South Africa and as worsening since the country’s democra…

Xenophobia Trivialises South Africa's Ambitious Africa Policy

"South Africa’s grand transition and re-integration into international affairs under former president Nelson Mandela gave the country the moral resources to lead in Africa. An exceptional transition of domestic tolerance and a declared commitment t…

eAfrica: The Electronic Journal of Governance and Innovation, Vol 2

This edition of eAfrica begins with an article on the influence of governance on sovereignty. The article entitled: The emboldened triangle covers the aspirations of India, Brazil and South Africa to converge in a Southern pact to rival Northern dom…

Soft Targets: Xenophobia, Public Violence and Changing Attitudes to Migrants in South Africa after May 2008

"The post-apartheid history of antipathy towards migrants and refugees is pronounced and well documented. A study by SAMP in 2006 of citizens’ attitudes to migrants reached the gloomy conclusion that South Africa continued to be a society in which x…

It’s not just Xenophobia: Factors that lead to violent attacks on foreigners in South Africa and the role of the government

This Policy and Practice Brief examines the trend of burgeoning xenophobia in South Africa and suggests what could be done to contribute to its eradication. These recommendations are not exhaustive but are initial steps through which the nation can …

Conflict Trends Issue 1 2009

This issue comprises several articles entitled as follows: 1)Resolving Land Disputes in Burundi 2)Effectively Confronting a Regional Threat: Somali Piracy 3)The Challenges of Small Arms and Light Weapons in Africa 4)Explaining the December 2008 Mili…

Right to the Classroom: Educational Barriers for Zimbabweans in South Africa

"This report examines the obstacles to access by Zimbabwean children and students to schools and tertiary institutions in South Africa. There is a common assumption in South Africa that these children and students have no right to an education in So…

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