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Séminaire Régional pour la Prévention de l’Extrémisme Violent en Afrique Centrale et dans le Bassin du Lac Tchad / Regional Seminar for the Prevention of Violent Extremism in Central Africa and the Lake Chad Basin

This seminar, presented as a continuation of the efforts undertaken during the Dakar and N'Djamena Regional Conversations, made it possible to establish a real consensus on the importance of the approach to the prevention of violent extremism. Overa…

Stakeholders' Dialogue on Government Approaches to Managing Defecting Violent Extremists

This policy brief outlines contributions from stakeholders and demonstrates how dialogue can help foster community understanding of government intervention on reintegration, foster citizenship ownership of government programmes and its many soluti…

Countering Violent Extremism and Terrorism in Burkina Faso

Until recently, Burkina Faso was relatively safe from terrorism. This changed in April 2015, when terrorists abducted a Romanian mining company worker in the northern part of the country and killed a security officer. Since then, as in West Africa…

Violent Extremism in the Sahel: The Birth of a Third Generation of Terrorism?

Are we witnessing a third generation of jihadism rearing its head in the Sahel? In the wake of the globalised movement of jihad in the 1990s, spearheaded by Afghan jihadists and propelled forward by Osama bin Laden and al-Qaeda, another trend has em…

Thinking about the Symbiotic Relationship between the Media and Terrorism

In terms of counter-terrorism, mass media coverage of terrorist acts created a situation where a symbiotic relationship is established between the media and terrorism. To elaborate, both of these parties rely on each other to further strengthen thei…

ECOWAS Counter-Terrorism Strategy Tracker

In response to the challenges of terrorism West Africa is facing, ECOWAS developed the Counter terrorism Strategy and Implementation Plan as a means of countering terrorist activities in the region as well as putting in place large scale measures ag…

Preventing Extremism in West and Central Africa: Lessons from Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Mali, Niger and Nigeria

Efforts to prevent and counter violent extremism have emerged rapidly onto the global stage and attracted substantial financial investment. This study investigated selected projects to understand their objectives, target groups, activities, theori…

Seven Years in, Slimmer Majority of Kenyans see Military Action in Somalia as Necessary

In October 2011, after years of conflict with extremist groups on its eastern and northeastern borders, Kenya sent about 2,000 Kenya Defence Forces (KDF) troops into Somalia. Close on the heels of high-profile kidnappings and deaths of foreign tour…

The Reintegration Enigma: Interventions for Boko Haram deserters in the Lake Chad Basin

In the Lake Chad Basin area, waves of Boko Haram members have deserted the violent extremist group since August 2016. Those who voluntarily leave the group are often referred to as deserters, returnees or repenters. While these three categories are …

Présidentielle 2019 au Nigéria: Un Paysage Pré-électoral dominé par les Violences et les Rivalités politiques / Presidential Election 2019 in Nigeria: A Pre-electoral Landscape dominated by Political Violence and Rivalry

Since the announcement by President Muhammad Buhari of his candidacy for the election in February 2019, Nigeria experienced premature electoral campaign fever. On the majority side, the time is running out to ensure a second term for the incumbent…

After Five Years, Challenges Facing MINUSMA Persist

The situation in Mali continues to evolve and is making MINUSMA’s task further challenging. Civilians in northern and central Mali continue to suffer from protection issues. In fact, since June 2018, at least 287 civilians have been killed by extrem…

Regional Seminar for the Prevention of Violent Extremism in Central Africa and the Lake Chad Basin

Violent extremism has numerous causes and takes several forms. If this global and multidimensional nature helps to avoid confusions related to assimilating extremism to violence, extremist violence to terrorism and terrorism to a religion (Islam or …

Peace & Security Council Report Issue 113

This report analyses, using concrete examples, the potential challenges facing six of the RECs and the resultant implications for the division of labour between them and the AU, looking at peace and security, governance, elections, economic integrat…

Violent Extremism, Organised Crime and Local Conflicts in Liptako-Gourma

This report analyses the links between violent extremism, illicit activities and local conflicts in the Liptako-Gourma region. Addressing regional instability in the long term requires empirical data that helps explain the local dynamics that fuel i…

Youth Radicalization in Somalia: Causes, Consequences and Potential Solutions

Radicalisation is undermining Somalia’s peace, stability and development prospects. Religious extremism in the country has also become a security concern for the region and the world. Young, uneducated Somalis and their well-educated diaspora peers …

Burkina Faso: Conflict Insight

Considered as a model of stability for at least two decades in a region destabilised by crises (Liberia and Sierra Leone from the late 1980s to the early 2000s, Côte d’Ivoire 2002-2011 and Mali since 2012), Burkina Faso was shaken in 2014 by popular…

Preventing Violent Extremism: The Role of Communications

Activities designed to prevent violent extremism in Africa aim at addressing the drivers of violence in communities and regions. However, given challenges like the inaccessibility of rural communities and a lack of participation by the beneficiarie…

Dialogue with Violent Extremist Groups: Community Perspectives in the Lake Chad Basin

To explore dialogue as a viable option in preventing and countering violent extremism in the Lake Chad Basin region, it is important to consult local communities who are directly affected by it. Their experiences offer first-hand community-level ins…

Besieged but not Relenting: Ensuring Fair Trials for Nigeria’s Terrorism Suspects

Nigeria’s criminal justice system is dealing with thousands of people in mass trials related to terrorism offences – including those committed by suspected Boko Haram members. Having conducted three phases of trials between 2017 and 2018, with eac…

Making Sense of Resilience in the Boko Haram Crisis

Major risk factors for violent extremism can be found in Bauchi and Gombe, two states in the north-east of Nigeria – the zone where the terror group Boko Haram is active. Yet in spite of risk factors, these two states have not experienced similar …

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