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Central African Republic: A Conflict Misunderstood

The Central African Republic has been troubled by periodic surges of violence for quite some time. The democratic election of President Faustin-Archange Touadéra in the December 2015-February 2016 presidential elections offered hope of a new era f...

Community Perceptions of Violent Extremism in Kenya

A range of political, security and developmental responses has been elicited by the emergence of various armed ‘extremist’ groups in the Greater Horn of Africa. Countering Violent Extremism (CVE), a developmental approach to counterterrorism, seek...

Money Talks - A Key Reason Youths Join Boko Haram

The particular observation in this study, that people join Boko Haram because of financial rewards, challenges the popular scholarly proposition that poverty has no direct causal link with terrorism and violent extremism. Although, it is not the o...

Boko Haram and Violent Extremism - Perspectives from Peacebuilders

Since 2009, Boko Haram have unleashed atrocities which have affected millions of people in Nigeria and the region as a whole. The results of a field-based study on peace builders’ perspectives of the drivers of violent extremism; and the underlyin...

The Boko Haram Insurgency: From Short Term Gains to Long Term Solutions

Thousands of Nigerian civilians have lost their lives, since the beginning of Boko Haram’s insurgency in 2010, with millions more being both internally and externally displaced. The organization has also spread into the Lake Chad region, carrying ...

More than Propaganda A Review of Boko Haram’s Public Messages

The public statements of Boko Haram from its resurgence in 2010 until its split into two main factions in August 2016 is reviewed in this report. While Boko Haram (more accurately referred to as Jama’atu Ahlis Sunna Lidda’awati wal-Jihad prior t...

Kenya Exploring Peaceful Coexistence in Nairobi's Urban Settlements, Eastleigh, Majengo, Mlango Kubwa

The aim of this research project was to increase CCMRE’s and LPI’s understanding of the complex web of mechanisms affecting (strengthening or weakening) communal coexistence and social cohesion in two sub-administration units of Kamukunji Sub-Cou...

2017 TANA Forum Report No Retreat, No Surrender

Various themes that link natural resource extraction and governance to violent conflict in Africa is explored in this background paper, which not only captures the state of practice in natural resource governance from the vantage point of various ...

Violent Extremism in South Africa: Assessing the Current Threat

This report presented an overview of South Africa’s post-apartheid experience of violent extremism and assesses the threat that violent extremism currently poses to the country. A brief overview is also provided of government's responses to this ...

Europe in North Africa: Fighting Short-Termism

The stability, security and prosperity of both Europe and North Africa are inextricably linked and both regions are bound in a strategic relationship. European countries - both individually and collectively (inside and outside the framework of th...

Resource Extraction and Violent Extremism in Africa

Abundant natural resources, swathes of unprotected territory and porous borders make resource extraction an attractive source of wealth for opportunistic extremist groups in Africa – most notably al-Shabaab, the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) and...

Horn Of Africa Bulletin Vol 29 No. 4 July-August 2017

This issue of the Horn of Africa Bulletin (HAB) " Between Co-option and Autonomy: Grassroots CVE Initiatives as the Alternative?" follows from the January-February 2016 issue of the HAB that also focused on countering violent extremism (CVE). The...

Love in a Time of Crisis? Terrorism, ‘Brides’ and the Implementation of UNSCR 2242

United Nations Security Council Resolution 2242 promotes further integration of the women, peace and security, counter-terrorism, and countering violent extremism agendas, among other things. Thus, this policy brief analyses the stories of brides ...

Algeria and Morocco: Developing Inclusive Strategies can Prevent Violent Extremism

Algeria and Morocco have been hosting thousands of sub-Saharan African migrants for a growing period of time. The migrants live in poor socio-economic conditions and face discrimination, providing fertile ground for radicalisation. Except for on...

Is Côte d’Ivoire Facing Religious Radicalism?

Religious radicalism in Côte d’Ivoire has not, for the moment, reached the scale seen elsewhere in the region. However, the country is not immune to the phenomenon. One example is the influence that Pentecostalists had on the hardline posture adop...

Mali's Young ‘Jihadists’ Fuelled by Faith or Circumstance?

Young people in the ranks of the armed jihadist groups in Mali are portrayed as unemployed, idle and fanatical . There is however little empirical data to support this characterization. Little research has been done in the Malian context where t...

The Dynamics of Youth Radicalisation in Africa Reviewing the Current Evidence

Youth radicalisation towards violent extremism is a global phenomenon that threatens peace, security and stability. The evidence on the factors that may contribute to the dynamics of youth radicalization is reviewed in this paper. Available findi...

Fleeing Terror, Fighting Terror: The Truth about Refugees and Violent Extremism

Refugees are increasingly subjected to harsh policies that violate the spirit of refugee laws, and that are often justified by claiming the refugees pose security risks. This study examines the effects of violent extremism among South Sudanese and...

Horn of Africa Bulletin Vol 30 No 1 January-February 2018

The January-February 2018 issue of the Horn of Africa Bulletin seeks to explore and interrogate the correlations between youth on the one hand, and conflict and peace dynamics on the other. During episodes of political instability and conflict, ...

Reforming for Peace : State of Peace and Security in Africa 2018

This State of Peace and Security in Africa (SPSA) Report is a background paper for the 2018 Tana Forum on the theme: Ownership of Africa’s Peace and Security Provision: Financing and Reforming the African Union. As in previous years, this report...

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