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Central African Republic: A Conflict Misunderstood

The Central African Republic has been troubled by periodic surges of violence for quite some time. The democratic election of President Faustin-Archange Touadéra in the December 2015-February 2016 presidential elections offered hope of a new era for…

Is Côte d’Ivoire Facing Religious Radicalism?

Religious radicalism in Côte d’Ivoire has not, for the moment, reached the scale seen elsewhere in the region. However, the country is not immune to the phenomenon. One example is the influence that Pentecostalists had on the hardline posture adopte…

Mali's Young ‘Jihadists’ Fuelled by Faith or Circumstance?

Young people in the ranks of the armed jihadist groups in Mali are portrayed as unemployed, idle and fanatical . There is however little empirical data to support this characterization. Little research has been done in the Malian context where the…

The Dynamics of Youth Radicalisation in Africa Reviewing the Current Evidence

Youth radicalisation towards violent extremism is a global phenomenon that threatens peace, security and stability. The evidence on the factors that may contribute to the dynamics of youth radicalization is reviewed in this paper. Available finding…

Community Perceptions of Violent Extremism in Kenya

A range of political, security and developmental responses has been elicited by the emergence of various armed ‘extremist’ groups in the Greater Horn of Africa. Countering Violent Extremism (CVE), a developmental approach to counterterrorism, seekin…

Money Talks - A Key Reason Youths Join Boko Haram

The particular observation in this study, that people join Boko Haram because of financial rewards, challenges the popular scholarly proposition that poverty has no direct causal link with terrorism and violent extremism. Although, it is not the onl…

Boko Haram and Violent Extremism - Perspectives from Peacebuilders

Since 2009, Boko Haram have unleashed atrocities which have affected millions of people in Nigeria and the region as a whole. The results of a field-based study on peace builders’ perspectives of the drivers of violent extremism; and the underlying …

The Boko Haram Insurgency: From Short Term Gains to Long Term Solutions

Thousands of Nigerian civilians have lost their lives, since the beginning of Boko Haram’s insurgency in 2010, with millions more being both internally and externally displaced. The organization has also spread into the Lake Chad region, carrying ou…

More than Propaganda A Review of Boko Haram’s Public Messages

The public statements of Boko Haram from its resurgence in 2010 until its split into two main factions in August 2016 is reviewed in this report. While Boko Haram (more accurately referred to as Jama’atu Ahlis Sunna Lidda’awati wal-Jihad prior to …

Kenya Exploring Peaceful Coexistence in Nairobi's Urban Settlements, Eastleigh, Majengo, Mlango Kubwa

The aim of this research project was to increase CCMRE’s and LPI’s understanding of the complex web of mechanisms affecting (strengthening or weakening) communal coexistence and social cohesion in two sub-administration units of Kamukunji Sub-Count…

2017 TANA Forum Report No Retreat, No Surrender

Various themes that link natural resource extraction and governance to violent conflict in Africa is explored in this background paper, which not only captures the state of practice in natural resource governance from the vantage point of various ke…

Fleeing Terror, Fighting Terror: The Truth about Refugees and Violent Extremism

Refugees are increasingly subjected to harsh policies that violate the spirit of refugee laws, and that are often justified by claiming the refugees pose security risks. This study examines the effects of violent extremism among South Sudanese and S…

Horn of Africa Bulletin Vol 30 No 1 January-February 2018

The January-February 2018 issue of the Horn of Africa Bulletin seeks to explore and interrogate the correlations between youth on the one hand, and conflict and peace dynamics on the other. During episodes of political instability and conflict, we…

Reforming for Peace : State of Peace and Security in Africa 2018

This State of Peace and Security in Africa (SPSA) Report is a background paper for the 2018 Tana Forum on the theme: Ownership of Africa’s Peace and Security Provision: Financing and Reforming the African Union. As in previous years, this report p…

Séminaire Régional pour la Prévention de l’Extrémisme Violent en Afrique Centrale et dans le Bassin du Lac Tchad / Regional Seminar for the Prevention of Violent Extremism in Central Africa and the Lake Chad Basin

This seminar, presented as a continuation of the efforts undertaken during the Dakar and N'Djamena Regional Conversations, made it possible to establish a real consensus on the importance of the approach to the prevention of violent extremism. Overa…

Stakeholders' Dialogue on Government Approaches to Managing Defecting Violent Extremists

This policy brief outlines contributions from stakeholders and demonstrates how dialogue can help foster community understanding of government intervention on reintegration, foster citizenship ownership of government programmes and its many soluti…

Countering Violent Extremism and Terrorism in Burkina Faso

Until recently, Burkina Faso was relatively safe from terrorism. This changed in April 2015, when terrorists abducted a Romanian mining company worker in the northern part of the country and killed a security officer. Since then, as in West Africa…

Violent Extremism in the Sahel: The Birth of a Third Generation of Terrorism?

Are we witnessing a third generation of jihadism rearing its head in the Sahel? In the wake of the globalised movement of jihad in the 1990s, spearheaded by Afghan jihadists and propelled forward by Osama bin Laden and al-Qaeda, another trend has em…

Thinking about the Symbiotic Relationship between the Media and Terrorism

In terms of counter-terrorism, mass media coverage of terrorist acts created a situation where a symbiotic relationship is established between the media and terrorism. To elaborate, both of these parties rely on each other to further strengthen thei…

ECOWAS Counter-Terrorism Strategy Tracker

In response to the challenges of terrorism West Africa is facing, ECOWAS developed the Counter terrorism Strategy and Implementation Plan as a means of countering terrorist activities in the region as well as putting in place large scale measures ag…

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