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Towards Effective Implementation of UN-imposed Arms Embargoes in Africa

An analysis is provided in this policy brief, regarding the implementation of arms embargoes in Côte d’Ivoire, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Sierra Leone and Somalia. These countries were selected for analysis based on their particular…

Preventing Violent Extremism: South Africa’s Place in the World

The prevention of violent extremism (PVE) has become a priority for the global community. This policy brief examines the global environment in terms of policy and implementation frameworks, and explores South Africa’s position in this prevention con…

Commissioners and Commanders Police Leadership and the Marikana Massacre

This monograph analyzed the functioning of the police system, with an emphasis on the leadership and command levels, in the build-up to the Marikana massacre on 16 August 2012, when police killed 34 miners who were striking at the Lonmin platinum mi…

Horn of Africa Bulletin Vol 26 No.2 March-April 2015

The opening article of this special issue—by Kindeneh Endeg Mihretie—describes the general public’s day-to-day life experience in Addis Ababa. The competition between the established Orthodox Church, Muslims and the relatively new Pentecostal moveme…

Improving SADC Responses to Bring Peace to the DRC

The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) continues to skirt crisis, as the elections first postponed in 2016 to December 2017 appear once again to be postponed indefinitely. Amid opposition accusations that he is clinging to power, President Joseph Ka…

Conflict and Gender Study – South Sudan Addressing Root Causes Programme

Significant effort has already gone into studying how best to design a root cause fund programme - aimed at tackling the root causes of recurring cycles of conflict and fragile resilience - in order to maximize impact within what is an extremely dif…

Finding our Way: Developing a Community Work Model for Addressing Torture

Why do community interventions? And why do community interventions in relation to torture and cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment (CIDT) in South Africa? The literature points to a number of gains as regards community interventions: they are like…

Sudan and South Sudan: Violence Trajectories after Peace Agreements

Peace agreements can be turning points in complex transitions from war to peace. But they don’t necessarily lead to greater stability, let alone peace. This report explores trajectories of violence in Sudan and South Sudan after the signature of pea…

Implementing the APRM: Views from Civil Society South Africa Report

"This report reflects the views of a group of civil society researchers and activists – convened by the APRM Monitoring Project (AMP) – on the implementation of the APRM in South Africa. It takes as supplementary reference points South Africa’s Impl…

Mali: Reform or Relapse

"This report is based on several dozen interviews conducted in Bamako, Gao, Niamey, Dakar and Paris with Malian political and military actors, their foreign partners and Malian civil society representatives in both the north and south of the count…

Perspectives of African Non-state Actors on the Work of the PSC

"In line with Article 20 of the Protocol Relating to the Establishment of the Peace and Security Council (PSC)of the African Union (AU) the PSC has taken steps to ‘… encourage non-governmental organizations to participate actively in the efforts ai…

Cycles of Violence Gender Relations and Armed Conflict

The research project ‘Gender-Sensitive Programme Design and Planning in Conflict-Affected Situations’ was carried out by ACORD during 2000 and 2001. Its overall aim was to enhance gender-awareness in the design and management of development project…

2013 Elections in Kenya and Zimbabwe: Lessons for Africa and Beyond

"The 2013 elections in Kenya and Zimbabwe took place in the context of both optimism and fear. Held under new constitutional dispensations that promised democratic progress, these were ‘first-generation’ elections that followed the gruesome electora…

Elections and the Risk of Instability in Africa: Supporting Legitimate Electoral Processes

"Whereas elections have become commonplace in Africa over the past 20 years, several recent examples have shown that they can also crystallise tensions and cause violence (as happened in Kenya, Côte d’Ivoire and Zimbabwe), and can fail to legitimis…

Gender in Namibia: Growing Support for Women's Leadership, Concerns About Violence

"Namibians express increasing levels of support for women in political leadership, but Namibian women continue to trail men slightly in their interest in public affairs and participation in civic action, according to the latest Afrobarometer survey.…

Demand for Competitive Multiparty Politics is High in Zimbabwe

"Starting from five major political parties at independence, the history of multiparty politics in Zimbabwe is marked by a fragmented opposition that reached a peak in a power-sharing Government of National Unity (GNU) but has never broken the rulin…

Violent Islamist Extremism and Terror in Africa

An overview of large-scale violence by Islamist extremists in key African countries, is presented in this paper. The paper seeks an overview of the evolution of the associated terrorism through quantitative and contextual analysis using various lar…

‘The Disease is Unbelief’: Boko Haram’s Religious and Political Worldview

"This paper argues that the combination of exclusivism and grievance has provided the ideological framework for Boko Haram’s violence toward the Nigerian state, other Muslims and Christians. The paper draws on primary sources, such as the founder’s …

MDC-T Defeat in Zimbabwe: Was it only due to Intimidation?

"In the relatively peaceful harmonized elections of July 2013, Zimbabwe’s President Robert Mugabe overwhelmingly defeated challenger Morgan Tsvangirai, 61% to 34%. Mugabe’s party, the Zimbabwe African National Union–Patriotic Front (ZANU-PF), also w…

South African Scenarios 2024 : Politics, Violence and Growth in the Rainbow Nation

Three different political, economic and social scenarios is presented in this paper for South Africa until the year 2024. This is one of three publications on the future of South Africa released simultaneously by the Institute for Security Studies …

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