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Burundi Elections Without Competition and no Peace Without Participation: Where Might it Go from Here?

"This policy brief aims to discuss the current situation in Burundi. Topics under consideration in this brief include: reactions to the communal elections; how did we get here; possible future scenarios, including a return to rebellion,maintenanc...

Report on the SARPCCO Policing Violence Against Women and Children Trainers' Course

"The purpose of the course is twofold: to standardise regional training for law enforcement officers and other stakeholders on VAWC in the Southern Africa region. Its second purpose is to create a culture of empathy and understanding that will en...

Zimbabwe: Post-election questions

Following the Zimbabwe election, a number of questions concern the political and economic situation, and the role to be played by South Africa. Politically, the environment remains unpredictable. The MDC receiving seats in the parliament repres...

Truth and reconciliation processes: Lessons for Zimbabwe

"This report examines various African and other truth commission processes with the aim of mapping a strategy and offering a model in the event that Zimbabwe should opt for a truth and reconciliation commission (TRC) as a means of overcoming its h...

Peace-keeping in Rwanda

The current campaign of violence in Rwanda is a continuation of previous ethnic conflicts between the Hutu and Tutsi groups. Currently the ethnicity is not the only reason for this violence as it is also directed towards moderate elements in the H...

Towards Effective Implementation of UN-imposed Arms Embargoes in Africa

An analysis is provided in this policy brief, regarding the implementation of arms embargoes in Côte d’Ivoire, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Sierra Leone and Somalia. These countries were selected for analysis based on their particul...

Preventing Violent Extremism: South Africa’s Place in the World

The prevention of violent extremism (PVE) has become a priority for the global community. This policy brief examines the global environment in terms of policy and implementation frameworks, and explores South Africa’s position in this prevention c...

Commissioners and Commanders Police Leadership and the Marikana Massacre

This monograph analyzed the functioning of the police system, with an emphasis on the leadership and command levels, in the build-up to the Marikana massacre on 16 August 2012, when police killed 34 miners who were striking at the Lonmin platinum ...

Horn of Africa Bulletin Vol 26 No.2 March-April 2015

The opening article of this special issue—by Kindeneh Endeg Mihretie—describes the general public’s day-to-day life experience in Addis Ababa. The competition between the established Orthodox Church, Muslims and the relatively new Pentecostal move...

Improving SADC Responses to Bring Peace to the DRC

The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) continues to skirt crisis, as the elections first postponed in 2016 to December 2017 appear once again to be postponed indefinitely. Amid opposition accusations that he is clinging to power, President Joseph ...

Implementing the APRM: Views from Civil Society South Africa Report

"This report reflects the views of a group of civil society researchers and activists – convened by the APRM Monitoring Project (AMP) – on the implementation of the APRM in South Africa. It takes as supplementary reference points South Africa’s Im...

Mali: Reform or Relapse

"This report is based on several dozen interviews conducted in Bamako, Gao, Niamey, Dakar and Paris with Malian political and military actors, their foreign partners and Malian civil society representatives in both the north and south of the cou...

Perspectives of African Non-state Actors on the Work of the PSC

"In line with Article 20 of the Protocol Relating to the Establishment of the Peace and Security Council (PSC)of the African Union (AU) the PSC has taken steps to ‘… encourage non-governmental organizations to participate actively in the efforts ...

Cycles of Violence Gender Relations and Armed Conflict

The research project ‘Gender-Sensitive Programme Design and Planning in Conflict-Affected Situations’ was carried out by ACORD during 2000 and 2001. Its overall aim was to enhance gender-awareness in the design and management of development proje...

2013 Elections in Kenya and Zimbabwe: Lessons for Africa and Beyond

"The 2013 elections in Kenya and Zimbabwe took place in the context of both optimism and fear. Held under new constitutional dispensations that promised democratic progress, these were ‘first-generation’ elections that followed the gruesome electo...

Elections and the Risk of Instability in Africa: Supporting Legitimate Electoral Processes

"Whereas elections have become commonplace in Africa over the past 20 years, several recent examples have shown that they can also crystallise tensions and cause violence (as happened in Kenya, Côte d’Ivoire and Zimbabwe), and can fail to legitim...

Gender in Namibia: Growing Support for Women's Leadership, Concerns About Violence

"Namibians express increasing levels of support for women in political leadership, but Namibian women continue to trail men slightly in their interest in public affairs and participation in civic action, according to the latest Afrobarometer surve...

Demand for Competitive Multiparty Politics is High in Zimbabwe

"Starting from five major political parties at independence, the history of multiparty politics in Zimbabwe is marked by a fragmented opposition that reached a peak in a power-sharing Government of National Unity (GNU) but has never broken the rul...

Violent Islamist Extremism and Terror in Africa

An overview of large-scale violence by Islamist extremists in key African countries, is presented in this paper. The paper seeks an overview of the evolution of the associated terrorism through quantitative and contextual analysis using various l...

‘The Disease is Unbelief’: Boko Haram’s Religious and Political Worldview

"This paper argues that the combination of exclusivism and grievance has provided the ideological framework for Boko Haram’s violence toward the Nigerian state, other Muslims and Christians. The paper draws on primary sources, such as the founder’...

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