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Towards Effective Implementation of UN-imposed Arms Embargoes in Africa

An analysis is provided in this policy brief, regarding the implementation of arms embargoes in Côte d’Ivoire, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Sierra Leone and Somalia. These countries were selected for analysis based on their particular…

Preventing Violent Extremism: South Africa’s Place in the World

The prevention of violent extremism (PVE) has become a priority for the global community. This policy brief examines the global environment in terms of policy and implementation frameworks, and explores South Africa’s position in this prevention con…

Commissioners and Commanders Police Leadership and the Marikana Massacre

This monograph analyzed the functioning of the police system, with an emphasis on the leadership and command levels, in the build-up to the Marikana massacre on 16 August 2012, when police killed 34 miners who were striking at the Lonmin platinum mi…

Horn of Africa Bulletin Vol 26 No.2 March-April 2015

The opening article of this special issue—by Kindeneh Endeg Mihretie—describes the general public’s day-to-day life experience in Addis Ababa. The competition between the established Orthodox Church, Muslims and the relatively new Pentecostal moveme…

Improving SADC Responses to Bring Peace to the DRC

The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) continues to skirt crisis, as the elections first postponed in 2016 to December 2017 appear once again to be postponed indefinitely. Amid opposition accusations that he is clinging to power, President Joseph Ka…

Demand for Competitive Multiparty Politics is High in Zimbabwe

"Starting from five major political parties at independence, the history of multiparty politics in Zimbabwe is marked by a fragmented opposition that reached a peak in a power-sharing Government of National Unity (GNU) but has never broken the rulin…

Violent Islamist Extremism and Terror in Africa

An overview of large-scale violence by Islamist extremists in key African countries, is presented in this paper. The paper seeks an overview of the evolution of the associated terrorism through quantitative and contextual analysis using various lar…

‘The Disease is Unbelief’: Boko Haram’s Religious and Political Worldview

"This paper argues that the combination of exclusivism and grievance has provided the ideological framework for Boko Haram’s violence toward the Nigerian state, other Muslims and Christians. The paper draws on primary sources, such as the founder’s …

MDC-T Defeat in Zimbabwe: Was it only due to Intimidation?

"In the relatively peaceful harmonized elections of July 2013, Zimbabwe’s President Robert Mugabe overwhelmingly defeated challenger Morgan Tsvangirai, 61% to 34%. Mugabe’s party, the Zimbabwe African National Union–Patriotic Front (ZANU-PF), also w…

South African Scenarios 2024 : Politics, Violence and Growth in the Rainbow Nation

Three different political, economic and social scenarios is presented in this paper for South Africa until the year 2024. This is one of three publications on the future of South Africa released simultaneously by the Institute for Security Studies …

Civilian Peacekeeping: Preventing Violence and Making Space for Democracy

"This book serves as a guide to unarmed civilian peace teams, also known as civilian peacekeeping. It explains the theory and practice of these civilian peacekeeping teams and can be used as a guide for planning complex peacebuilding missions. The b…

African Journal on Conflict Resolution vol. 4, no. 1, 2004

'From Instigating Violence to Building Peace: The Changing Role of Women in Darfur Region of Western Sudan' sets out to examine the changing role of women vis-a-vis inter-communal conflicts in Darfur region of western Sudan. The region is currently …

The Political Outlook in Southern Africa

"Confidence in a country's future depends both on sound economic conditions and on a stable political environment. But it is equally true that a lack of confidence can itself create negative results, politically and economically, and therefore confi…

Elections in Zimbabwe: A Recipe for Tension or a Remedy for Reconciliation?

"In this paper I seek to provide an in-depth analysis of Zimbabwe’s elections from 1980 to 2008, with a view to establishing whether they have been a recipe for deepening tension and conflict, or a remedy for reconciliation and a source of polit…

The 2009 KwaZulu-Natal election : A drop in levels of intimidation and violence?

"This report seeks to document the outcome of the AfAP Observer Mission, and highlight specific considerations which need to be observed by violence monitors during elections. The key findings, derived from the AfAP election observation documents,…

Conflict Trends Issue 3 2011

"Peacekeeping and peacebuilding initiatives have evolved, transformed and adapted to new realities, with the aim of providing more effective and sustainable responses to armed conflicts and the processes that follow the aftermath of these conflicts…

Burundi Elections Without Competition and no Peace Without Participation: Where Might it Go from Here?

"This policy brief aims to discuss the current situation in Burundi. Topics under consideration in this brief include: reactions to the communal elections; how did we get here; possible future scenarios, including a return to rebellion,maintenance …

Report on the SARPCCO Policing Violence Against Women and Children Trainers' Course

"The purpose of the course is twofold: to standardise regional training for law enforcement officers and other stakeholders on VAWC in the Southern Africa region. Its second purpose is to create a culture of empathy and understanding that will enab…

Zimbabwe: Post-election questions

Following the Zimbabwe election, a number of questions concern the political and economic situation, and the role to be played by South Africa. Politically, the environment remains unpredictable. The MDC receiving seats in the parliament represen…

Implementing the APRM: Views from Civil Society South Africa Report

"This report reflects the views of a group of civil society researchers and activists – convened by the APRM Monitoring Project (AMP) – on the implementation of the APRM in South Africa. It takes as supplementary reference points South Africa’s Impl…

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