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Vigilantism v. the State: A Case Study of the Rise and Fall of Pagad, 1996–2000

"Pagad began as People Against Gangsterism and Drugs. It ended as Pipe-bombers and Gunmen and Detonators. Pagad evolved rapidly into an organisation with a political power agenda, purging dissenters, intimidating the Muslim establishment, as well a…

Violent Justice Vigilantism and the State's Response

"This monograph has argued that the main reason why people support vigilantism today relates to weaknesses in the criminal justice system and particularly the long period of time taken to deal with criminal cases. The review of policies and strategi…

Refugee Camp Security in West Africa: An ECOWAS Priority?

"The aim of this paper is to highlight the negative effects that the lack of security in refugee camps in West Africa can have on individuals and society as a whole, and to suggest measures to address the security gap. This is done by outlining the …

Justice versus Retribution: Attitudes to Punishment in the Eastern Cape

"An important way of measuring the impact of crime upon society is to assess the public’s attitudes to punishment.The survey revealed that, on average, every third adult inhabitant of the Eastern Cape became a victim of crime within a two-year per…

Double-edged Sword: Vigilantes in African Counter-Insurgencies

African states confronting insurgent groups face a dilemma when civilians mobilise and take up arms to protect their local communities. These forces can play a major role in fending off attacks and provide regular armed forces with critical local kn…

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