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African Futures: Key Trends to 2035

Africa is undergoing several major transitions, including demographic, economic, technological, urban and socio-political. These transitions are all connected, and together they will shape the future of the continent. Looking to the future, Africa...

Migration, Urbanisation and Sustainable Livelihoods in South Africa

"Crises present both opportunities and dangers. When facing turmoil in the 1980s, South Africa embraced an aggressive agenda of social, economic, and political transformation. The results are imperfect, but few question the underlying wisdom of th...

Cities of Hope Young People and Opportunity in South Africa’s Cities

"Historically, urbanisation has been linked with industrialisation, which has both facilitated cities’ growth and depended on it. Cities have also made possible the efficient delivery of all kinds of services — energy, water, health, education, fi...

Whatever Happened to Africa's Rapid Urbanisation?

"It is widely believed that urbanisation is occurring faster in sub-Saharan Africa than anywhere else in the world, as migrants move from rural to urban settlements. This is a fallacy. While the populations of numerous urban areas are growing rap...

A Simple Formula for Forecasting the Botswana Urban Population Total

"The aim of the present paper is to establish a simple functional relationship linking urbanisation and economic growth. The paper consequently focuses on the interplay between developments in urban population and basic economic variables, with th...

Migration Urbanisation and Health Challenges in Sub Saharan Africa

"This paper begins by shedding light on the dominant types of internal migration in SSA, and in particular rural-urban migration as reported in previous national censuses; thereafter, it analyses urbanisation in the region, comparing the phenomeno...

Urbanization for National Development in Ethiopia

"In the preceding pages, we started our discussion with a description of the role and characteristics of urban centers, explored the status and conditions of our cities, and projected our vision of what they would be like in 2020, suggesting along...

Afrique : Les Revers de l'Urbanisation / Africa : The Other Side of Urbanisation

Urbanization is one of the major changes faced by the continent since independence. At the beginning of the 1960's, only 15% of the African population lived in the urban workplace. However, in 2009, nearly 40% of Africans now reside in the city. ...

Strengthening Climate Resilience in African Cities A Framework for Working with Informality

"The aim of this framework document is to provide guidance on how to build the resilience and sustainability of African cities by collaboratively working to reduce the vulnerability of residents, local businesses and public infrastructure and serv...

MAPS Provocateur Briefing Report Forum on Development and Mitigation - Informality, Urban Poverty and Community Organisation

"Urbanisation over the last four decades has created highly segregated and unequal cities. Neoliberal policies, through international trade agreements, have weakened rural and agrarian societies and created a strong pull factor to the cities, ...

Challenges to Urban Food Supply in South Africa

"Food security and food issues are a major social challenge in South Africa. McLachlan and Thorne cite an analysis by Adam Kahane of the food security problem in South Africa. In this analysis Kahane is of the opinion that the food security proble...

l’Émission de l’Obligation Municipale à Dakar : Le Conte de Deux Cités / Dakar’s Municipal Bond Issue: A Tale of Two Cities

Municipal and central governments are being overwhelmed by the rapid growth of Africa’s cities. The provision of basic services to residents is worsening and strategic planning has been insufficient. Since the 1990s, widespread devolution has subs...

Cities and Agricultural Transformation in Africa: Evidence from Ethiopia

"Due to the rapid growth of cities in Africa, many more farmers are now living in rural hinterlands in relatively close proximity to cities where many provide food to urban residents. However, empirical evidence on how urbanization affects these f...

A Place for Subnational Governments at the International Climate Negotiating Table

"It can be difficult for subnational governments and cities to acquire a place at the negotiating table for international climate events, such as UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) gatherings. This is despite the fact that subnati...

Promoting job-rich urbanisation in Zambia

"Despite the country’s robust economic growth, evidence shows that its urban labor markets are not creating enough of the kinds of jobs that will propel inclusive growth and maximize Zambia’s “demographic dividend.” Real wages declined between 201...

Building the future Infrastructure in Nigeria until 2040

This report first compares access levels to basic physical infrastructure in Nigeria with those in relevant income peers in Africa and globally, and analyses how these are likely to evolve to 2040 along the current development trajectory (referred...

Promoting Green Urban Industrialization in Ethiopia

African economies are looking to achieve high levels of economic growth in the next few decades, predominantly in growing urban centres. By 2035, roughly half of Africa’s population will live in its rapidly expanding cities. This transition prese...

NEPAD, the City and the Migrant: Implications for Urban Governance

This policy briefly questions the ability of formal developmental interventions to understand local contexts, and, by extension, govern urban spaces. It interrogates the relevance and implications of initiatives like the New Partnership for Africa...

Opportunities First: A New Lens to Shape Priorities for Action in Middle-Income Countries

This report advocates a fundamental change in approach to entrenched poverty in middle-income developing countries by emphasising the ‘O’ rather than the ‘E’ of an equal opportunity ideal. Aspirations to social mobility and justice are more eff...

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