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Angola: Parallel Governments, Oil and Neopatrimonial System Reproduction

"This paper discusses several aspects of failure and resilience in the Angolan state. Reforms in Angola are more a reflection of the need to adapt to change as a means to maintain control of the state. Although the MPLA understands that change is ...

The Namibian Dilemma: Factors Preventing a Settlement

This paper is on the course of the SWA/Nambian situation on wanting internationally recognised independence. It reports that the issue has reached a turning point away from the wanted independence. Such a collapse is said to be a setback for the W...

Angola: Between War and Stalemate - Again?

“Angola’s armies are on the march once more. The long awaited Angolan Army (FAA) offensive against UNITA on the central Plains (‘Planalto’) commenced on 14 September, with the activation of three fronts from the cities of Huambo, Cuito and Malanje...

Returning Home to a Normal Life? The Plight of Displaced Angolans

"Amongst all the atrocities of war, one of the most tragic consequences of the 27 year long civil conflict in Angola was that over 4 million of civilians were forced to leave their homelands searching for safe havens elsewhere in the country and b...

Neither fish nor Fowl(er)? Peace efforts in Angola

Robert Fowler presented the UN Security Council with a 14 point plan designed to strenghten sanctions against the Angolan Rebel movement UNITA. This update explains the current situation in war torn Angola and then describes Fowler's plan for sanc...

Angola: Jaw-Jaw or War-War?

"Three questions currently stand out over Angola: First, what is the military situation? Second, what are the possible options for both UNITA and the government MPLA? Third, what can be done to make a political solution more likely? Regional and i...

Observer or participant? The role of civil society in Angola

This report focus on current conditions in Angola and an exploration of possible solutions towards peace. The discussion examined concrete ways in which civil society could engage with the Angolan Government and Unita, the type of society that Ang...

UNITA - Twenty years on

"This update on the role of UNITA will concentrate on evaluating its position in Angola, although inevitably some reference must be made to external factors. We will examine the position under two main headings: (a) UNITA's historical legitimacy ...

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