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Does Growth Create Jobs in the G-20 Economies?

There is a striking variation among the G-20 countries in the extent to which employment and unemployment respond to growth over the course of a year. In some countries (for example, Australia, Korea and South Africa), labor markets are quite respon…

The Effects of Minimum Wages on the Labor Market and Income Distribution in Kenya: A CGE Analysis

In Kenya, there has been increased debate on the impact of minimum wage increases and pay disparities between sectors. Long-term differences in earnings across sectors and different regions (urban and rural) are reflected through higher poverty ra…

The Major Bottlenecks of Micro and Small Scale Enterprises' Growth in Ethiopia: An Econometric Analysis

Development of Micro and Small enterprises (MSEs) is one mechanism for alleviating unemployment, especially for women. Ethiopia has developed policy as part of the Growth Transformation and Plan (GTP) to develop MSEs to generate employment at the …

The Role of Micro and Small Scale Enterprises in the Ethiopian Economy, Government Intervention and Alternative Strategies: A CGE Analysis

Given the fact that Micro and Small scale enterprises (MSEs) are high on the Ethiopian government’s agenda for mid-term growth and transformation plan (GTP), this study aims to investigate the major contributions and the potential of this sector t…

The Role of Micro and Small Enterprises in Reducing Unemployment and Poverty in Ethiopia

Despite the country’s success in economic growth and poverty reduction over the past decade, income inequality and unemployment remain formidable challenges in Ethiopia. According to the 2014 Central Statistics Authority report, average urban unem…

CDE comments on the Green Paper on International Migration

While CDE applauds the Department of Home Affairs’ attempt to open up debate on new policies for migration management, we believe that proposals for skilled immigration do not go far enough. The central point is the need to grow the economy and no…

Broadening the Benefits of Growth: No one left behind

Chapter 3 comprises several articles. The first of these articles are titled: Why has Africa’s fast economic growth left more poor people behind and how do we fix it? written by Landry Signy. This essay explores three factors explaining the disconn…

Unemployment Mars Favourable Assessment of Batswana Government Performance

In his final State of the Nation Address, delivered in November 2017, President Ian Khama offered a positive economic outlook for Botswana, citing a recovery to 4.3% growth in 2016 and projected growth of 4.7% and 5.3% in 2017-2018. But while report…

2015/16 National Budget Analysis

"The briefing identifies key areas for further improvement towards a more result oriented growth path, given the current budget propositions. The briefing recommends that to enhance delivery on outcomes for budget support, more effort and rigour sho…

Improving Institutional Effectiveness to Provide Decent Job Opportunities in Kenya

Since independence, the creation of productive and sustainable employment opportunities has remained a central policy priority of the Kenyan government. Although there has not been a lack of policy initiatives regarding the employment challenge in K…

Urban Unemployment in Addis Ababa City and Kerssa and Ego Towns in Munessa, Wereda Arsi Zone of Oromia Region: Determinants, Consequences, and Coping Strategies

Unemployment is one of the serious socio-economic problems across the globe that challenges the efforts being made towards eradicating poverty.Ethiopia has registered real GDP growth of 11.4% between 2004 and 2011(Ministry of Finance and Economic De…

Confronting the "Triple Challenge" Findings on Poverty, Inequality and Unemployment from Afrobarometer Surveys in South Africa

"Unemployment, crime, and poverty were consistently cited as the top three national problems that government should address between 2000 and 2011. In 2011, the majority of respondents were optimistic about government’s ability to address unemploymen…

Labour and Unemployment in South Africa: Notes Towards a “Grand Bargain”

"The problematic is very clear: high unemployment, high inequality and low growth, combined with a lack of consensus on what to do. The last point is important. There is no shortage of specific actual policies and interventions, as well as specific…

South Africans Disapprove of Government's Performance on Unemployment, Housing, Crime

"A new Afrobarometer survey shows that unemployment remains the most important problem for government to address, cited as one of their three top priorities by nearly three-quarters of the survey respondents. In a list of citizen priorities that is …

Unemployment in the SADC Region

The objective of this study is to estimate the determinants of unemployment in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) region using annual data from 2000 to 2016. Given the characteristic of the data, the study adopts Fixed Effect (FE) est…

Funding Youth Entrepreneurship in SMEs: A Panacea for Youth Unemployment in Niger-Delta, in Nigeria

"The objective of this study was to identify profitable and viable small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), which could form a basis for a youth economic empowerment programme in the crisis-torn Niger Delta Region. Data analysed formed a basis for…

Consumer Expenditure Inequality in Botswana

The main objective of this brief is to discuss the levels of consumer expenditure inequality in food and non-food components based on the 2015/16 Botswana Multi-Topic Household Survey (BMTHS), and the 2009/10 Core Welfare Indicator Survey (BCWIS). T…

Industry Labour Force Skills Gap Investigation: A Focus on the Automotive, Electrical Engineering, and ICT Industries in Swaziland

Sluggish economic growth coupled with high unemployment rates have become synonymous with the economy in Swaziland. In particular, youth unemployment, which stood at 51.6% in 2014, the last year for which reliable data is available, has skyrocketed …

Ten Million and Rising: What it would Take to Address South Africa's Jobs Bloodbath

South Africa’s unemployment crisis is the consequence of decades of inadequate growth coupled with some of the effects of globalisation, technological change and bad policy choices. There are limits to the pace at which this can be rolled back, so r…

COVID-19: Are We Asking the Right Questions about ... Poverty Reduction?

The Covid-19 pandemic and the measures we have taken to combat it are likely to leave all South Africans poorer for a long, long time. While we do not yet have the relevant data, some estimates of the number of jobs already lost run to well over a m…

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