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Jobs Loom Large in Moroccans' Attitudes toward In- and Out-Migration

In the complex web of international migration, Morocco has the unusual distinction of being an origin and transit and receiving country. Morocco’s own diaspora is the 10th-largest in the world, making up about 10% of its population. For decades, Mor…

L’emploi pèse lourd dans les attitudes relatives à l’immigration/émigration au Maroc /Jobs loom large in Moroccans’ attitudes toward in- and out-migration

In the complex web of international migration, Morocco has the unusual distinction of being an origin and transit and receiving country. Morocco’s own diaspora is the 10th-largest in the world, making up about 10% of its population. For decades, Mor…

2015/16 National Budget Analysis

"The briefing identifies key areas for further improvement towards a more result oriented growth path, given the current budget propositions. The briefing recommends that to enhance delivery on outcomes for budget support, more effort and rigour sho…

Improving Institutional Effectiveness to Provide Decent Job Opportunities in Kenya

Since independence, the creation of productive and sustainable employment opportunities has remained a central policy priority of the Kenyan government. Although there has not been a lack of policy initiatives regarding the employment challenge in K…

Urban Unemployment in Addis Ababa City and Kerssa and Ego Towns in Munessa, Wereda Arsi Zone of Oromia Region: Determinants, Consequences, and Coping Strategies

Unemployment is one of the serious socio-economic problems across the globe that challenges the efforts being made towards eradicating poverty.Ethiopia has registered real GDP growth of 11.4% between 2004 and 2011(Ministry of Finance and Economic De…

Confronting the "Triple Challenge" Findings on Poverty, Inequality and Unemployment from Afrobarometer Surveys in South Africa

"Unemployment, crime, and poverty were consistently cited as the top three national problems that government should address between 2000 and 2011. In 2011, the majority of respondents were optimistic about government’s ability to address unemploymen…

Labour and Unemployment in South Africa: Notes Towards a “Grand Bargain”

"The problematic is very clear: high unemployment, high inequality and low growth, combined with a lack of consensus on what to do. The last point is important. There is no shortage of specific actual policies and interventions, as well as specific…

South Africans Disapprove of Government's Performance on Unemployment, Housing, Crime

"A new Afrobarometer survey shows that unemployment remains the most important problem for government to address, cited as one of their three top priorities by nearly three-quarters of the survey respondents. In a list of citizen priorities that is …

Where to Start? Aligning Sustainable Development Goals with Citizen Priorities

"Based on new data gathered in 2014 and 2015 from across 32 African countries, unemployment and health top the list of problems that Africans want their governments to address. For increased government investment in key policy sectors, citizens’ top…

Improving Prospects for South Africa's Youth: Education, Vocational Training Still Key Priorities

"This paper examines South Africa’s progress in building young people’s human and labour-market capacities through education. Longitudinal data from Afrobarometer and the Institute for Justice and Reconciliation’s (IJR) Transformation Audit indicate…

South Africa and the Pursuit of Inclusive Growth

"This first report focuses on South Africa. It begins with a brief history of South African democracy, describing how the core features of South Africa’s democratic system were established following the transition from apartheid. The report then …

Harnessing Youth Potential for Economic Growth

"A strong, dynamic and empowered youth is critical in catalyzing and driving the transformations envisioned in the Constitution of Kenya, and the Kenya Vision 2030. The youth aged 15-24 constitute an important segment of Kenya’s population, accounti…

Brain Drain: Painting a Picture for Africa

"The problem of brain drain has recently been a cause for concern for most African governments and organisations because of the apparent affects on health care service delivery, among other negative effects. Many possible causes of brain drain have…

Rainbow at Risk Improving South Africa's Prospects

Over many generations, South Africa has proved its resilience and the country should bar unforeseen events, also weather the turbulent years ahead. Its long-term growth prospects remain positive and, with the right confluence of leadership and a fac…

Investigating the Feasibility of a National Minimum Wage for South Africa

Currently in South Africa, minimum wages are organized through two main structures: Bargaining Councils (BC) and Sectoral Determinations (SD). Together, these cover close to 70 percent of low-wage workers in the country. More recently, however, th…

Successful Youth Policy: Lessons From the African Peer Review Mechanism

"Youth policy provides a strategic framework for countries to structure their youth development efforts. Drawing on the work of the African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM), the policy brief examines the state and prospects of youth policy in Africa. …

Funding Youth Entrepreneurship in SMEs: A Panacea for Youth Unemployment in Niger-Delta, in Nigeria

"The objective of this study was to identify profitable and viable small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), which could form a basis for a youth economic empowerment programme in the crisis-torn Niger Delta Region. Data analysed formed a basis for…

Institutional, Legal and Regulatory Reforms to Enhance Labour Export in Uganda

"Export of labour through temporary migration is increasingly recognised worldwide as a pro-poor export strategy with significant development impacts in the poorest countries. Developing countries with excess labour, high levels of unemployment and …

Employment Outcomes and Returns to Earnings in Post Apartheid South Africa

"This paper attempts to understand some of the key drivers of employment and earnings trends within the South African labour market in the 15 years following the demise of apartheid. A number of factors are discussed which feature in the understandi…

Labor Export as Government Policy: An Assessment of Uganda’s Potential for Export of Labor in the Framework of Regional and Multilateral Agreements

"Export of labor through temporary migration is increasingly recognized worldwide as a pro-poor export strategy with significant development impacts especially in the poorest countries of the world. Because of the tremendous economic benefits from e…

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