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Funding Youth Entrepreneurship in SMEs: A Panacea for Youth Unemployment in Niger-Delta, in Nigeria

"The objective of this study was to identify profitable and viable small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), which could form a basis for a youth economic empowerment programme in the crisis-torn Niger Delta Region. Data analysed formed a basis for…

Institutional, Legal and Regulatory Reforms to Enhance Labour Export in Uganda

"Export of labour through temporary migration is increasingly recognised worldwide as a pro-poor export strategy with significant development impacts in the poorest countries. Developing countries with excess labour, high levels of unemployment and …

Employment Outcomes and Returns to Earnings in Post Apartheid South Africa

"This paper attempts to understand some of the key drivers of employment and earnings trends within the South African labour market in the 15 years following the demise of apartheid. A number of factors are discussed which feature in the understandi…

Labor Export as Government Policy: An Assessment of Uganda’s Potential for Export of Labor in the Framework of Regional and Multilateral Agreements

"Export of labor through temporary migration is increasingly recognized worldwide as a pro-poor export strategy with significant development impacts especially in the poorest countries of the world. Because of the tremendous economic benefits from e…

Constraints on the Demand for Youth Labour in Zambia

"Zambia is one of many developing countries struggling to create adequate employment opportunities for its people, especially in the formal economy. Unemployment is highest among youths (15–24 years old) and particularly affects those without ski…

Employment Status of Zambians: Official Definitions vs Citizen Perceptions

The relationship between unemployment, economic growth and poverty is clear. High levels of unemployment mean that the labour resources are underutilized and growth potential can not be attained. Zambians will not move out of poverty if the growth p…

Structural Barriers, Constraints and Urban Youth Employment : The Case of Ilala Municipality Dar Es Salaam

"The study is significant in that it sheds light on what can be done to increase the prospects for expanding urban youth employment. It contributes to understanding and developing strategies to remove constraints facing this occupational sub-sector,…

Economic Policy in South Africa, Past Present and Future

With the end of Apartheid in 1994 a new beginning was promised for South Africa. Herewith included was political freedom and inclusive development for all South Africans. This overview focusses on the economic record and the economic prospects of p…

Raising South Africa's Speed Limit

In order to understand South Africa's poor economic performance since the end of Apartheid, this study focused on key features that set South African economy apart from many other, successful countries. The very low levels of labour participation in…

2015/16 National Budget Analysis

"The briefing identifies key areas for further improvement towards a more result oriented growth path, given the current budget propositions. The briefing recommends that to enhance delivery on outcomes for budget support, more effort and rigour sho…

Improving Institutional Effectiveness to Provide Decent Job Opportunities in Kenya

Since independence, the creation of productive and sustainable employment opportunities has remained a central policy priority of the Kenyan government. Although there has not been a lack of policy initiatives regarding the employment challenge in K…

Urban Unemployment in Addis Ababa City and Kerssa and Ego Towns in Munessa, Wereda Arsi Zone of Oromia Region: Determinants, Consequences, and Coping Strategies

Unemployment is one of the serious socio-economic problems across the globe that challenges the efforts being made towards eradicating poverty.Ethiopia has registered real GDP growth of 11.4% between 2004 and 2011(Ministry of Finance and Economic De…

Confronting the "Triple Challenge" Findings on Poverty, Inequality and Unemployment from Afrobarometer Surveys in South Africa

"Unemployment, crime, and poverty were consistently cited as the top three national problems that government should address between 2000 and 2011. In 2011, the majority of respondents were optimistic about government’s ability to address unemploymen…

Labour and Unemployment in South Africa: Notes Towards a “Grand Bargain”

"The problematic is very clear: high unemployment, high inequality and low growth, combined with a lack of consensus on what to do. The last point is important. There is no shortage of specific actual policies and interventions, as well as specific…

South Africans Disapprove of Government's Performance on Unemployment, Housing, Crime

"A new Afrobarometer survey shows that unemployment remains the most important problem for government to address, cited as one of their three top priorities by nearly three-quarters of the survey respondents. In a list of citizen priorities that is …

Where to Start? Aligning Sustainable Development Goals with Citizen Priorities

"Based on new data gathered in 2014 and 2015 from across 32 African countries, unemployment and health top the list of problems that Africans want their governments to address. For increased government investment in key policy sectors, citizens’ top…

Improving Prospects for South Africa's Youth: Education, Vocational Training Still Key Priorities

"This paper examines South Africa’s progress in building young people’s human and labour-market capacities through education. Longitudinal data from Afrobarometer and the Institute for Justice and Reconciliation’s (IJR) Transformation Audit indicate…

South Africa and the Pursuit of Inclusive Growth

"This first report focuses on South Africa. It begins with a brief history of South African democracy, describing how the core features of South Africa’s democratic system were established following the transition from apartheid. The report then …

Harnessing Youth Potential for Economic Growth

"A strong, dynamic and empowered youth is critical in catalyzing and driving the transformations envisioned in the Constitution of Kenya, and the Kenya Vision 2030. The youth aged 15-24 constitute an important segment of Kenya’s population, accounti…

Brain Drain: Painting a Picture for Africa

"The problem of brain drain has recently been a cause for concern for most African governments and organisations because of the apparent affects on health care service delivery, among other negative effects. Many possible causes of brain drain have…

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