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Nigeria Economic Review Second Quarter Report 2016

An overview of the Nigerian economy is presented in this report by examining key macroeconomic indicators, external sector performance and key domestic sector performance in 2016Q2. The evidence presented shows that the internal and external sector …

Vulnerability in Employment: Evidence from South Africa

The high levels of poverty and unemployment in South Africa, have led to an emphasis on jobs as a solution to these problems. The subject of job creation in South Africa, is at the forefront of the most important economic policy documents, ever sinc…

Increasing Employment Opportunities: Navigating Africa’s Complex Job Market

Chapter 2 of the Foresight Africa 2017 report, explores six overarching themes that provide opportunities for Africa to overcome its obstacles and spur inclusive growth. The themes are as follows: The tipping point: The youth bulge and the sub-Sahar…

Innovative Approaches to Creating Opportunities and Incorporating Young Youth into Rwanda’s Labor Markets

This qualitative study identifies and analyzes the innovative approaches that will create employment opportunities and thus incorporate the youth into labor markets in Rwanda. This report reflects on the effectiveness of the innovative approaches a…

The Good, the Better and the Best: How the Community Work Programme can Reach its Full Potential as an Instrument of Community Development in South Africa

By providing an employment safety net, the CWP offers enormous benefits. Although the payments that people receive are relatively small, they contribute to raising average household incomes and stimulating local economies in areas with high levels …

Policy debate on 5 Socio-Economic Issues in Kenya: Elections 2017

One of the key drivers of economic growth is a strong education and effective provision of inclusive education is key in developing a just, secure and inclusive society. Governments should recognize factors that breed exclusion in access to educatio…

Unemployment Policy as an Agenda for Elections 2017

The labour force in Kenya experiences structural unemployment, which is long term, as well as chronic unemployment which resulted due to a of lack of skills, language barriers, discrimination in the labour market, economic changes that cause the ris…

Socio-Economic Determinants of Crime in South Africa: an Empirical Assessment

This paper has attempted to understand how socio-economic factors influence crime in South Africa at the police precinct level. We find that the relationships between crime and these variables are influenced by the type of crime (property, robbery…

Does Growth Create Jobs in the G-20 Economies?

There is a striking variation among the G-20 countries in the extent to which employment and unemployment respond to growth over the course of a year. In some countries (for example, Australia, Korea and South Africa), labor markets are quite respon…

The Effects of Minimum Wages on the Labor Market and Income Distribution in Kenya: A CGE Analysis

In Kenya, there has been increased debate on the impact of minimum wage increases and pay disparities between sectors. Long-term differences in earnings across sectors and different regions (urban and rural) are reflected through higher poverty ra…

The Major Bottlenecks of Micro and Small Scale Enterprises' Growth in Ethiopia: An Econometric Analysis

Development of Micro and Small enterprises (MSEs) is one mechanism for alleviating unemployment, especially for women. Ethiopia has developed policy as part of the Growth Transformation and Plan (GTP) to develop MSEs to generate employment at the …

The Role of Micro and Small Scale Enterprises in the Ethiopian Economy, Government Intervention and Alternative Strategies: A CGE Analysis

Given the fact that Micro and Small scale enterprises (MSEs) are high on the Ethiopian government’s agenda for mid-term growth and transformation plan (GTP), this study aims to investigate the major contributions and the potential of this sector t…

The Role of Micro and Small Enterprises in Reducing Unemployment and Poverty in Ethiopia

Despite the country’s success in economic growth and poverty reduction over the past decade, income inequality and unemployment remain formidable challenges in Ethiopia. According to the 2014 Central Statistics Authority report, average urban unem…

CDE comments on the Green Paper on International Migration

While CDE applauds the Department of Home Affairs’ attempt to open up debate on new policies for migration management, we believe that proposals for skilled immigration do not go far enough. The central point is the need to grow the economy and no…

Broadening the Benefits of Growth: No one left behind

Chapter 3 comprises several articles. The first of these articles are titled: Why has Africa’s fast economic growth left more poor people behind and how do we fix it? written by Landry Signy. This essay explores three factors explaining the disconn…

Unemployment Mars Favourable Assessment of Batswana Government Performance

In his final State of the Nation Address, delivered in November 2017, President Ian Khama offered a positive economic outlook for Botswana, citing a recovery to 4.3% growth in 2016 and projected growth of 4.7% and 5.3% in 2017-2018. But while report…

Funding Youth Entrepreneurship in SMEs: A Panacea for Youth Unemployment in Niger-Delta, in Nigeria

"The objective of this study was to identify profitable and viable small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), which could form a basis for a youth economic empowerment programme in the crisis-torn Niger Delta Region. Data analysed formed a basis for…

Institutional, Legal and Regulatory Reforms to Enhance Labour Export in Uganda

"Export of labour through temporary migration is increasingly recognised worldwide as a pro-poor export strategy with significant development impacts in the poorest countries. Developing countries with excess labour, high levels of unemployment and …

Employment Outcomes and Returns to Earnings in Post Apartheid South Africa

"This paper attempts to understand some of the key drivers of employment and earnings trends within the South African labour market in the 15 years following the demise of apartheid. A number of factors are discussed which feature in the understandi…

Labor Export as Government Policy: An Assessment of Uganda’s Potential for Export of Labor in the Framework of Regional and Multilateral Agreements

"Export of labor through temporary migration is increasingly recognized worldwide as a pro-poor export strategy with significant development impacts especially in the poorest countries of the world. Because of the tremendous economic benefits from e…

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