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Conflict Trends Issue 1 2011

This issue features several articles under the following headings: Transitional Justice and Political Pre-transition in Zimbabwe. African Initiatives towards Creating Killing-free Societies. Religion: A Source of Conflict and a Resource for Peace...

Conflict Trends Issue 2 2009

This Issue comprises several articles entitled as follows: 1)The Palestine-Israel Conflict: Lessons from South Africa’s Democratic Transition 2)Evaluating Women’s Participation in Transitional Justice and Governance: A Community Dialogue Process i...

Between Principle and Pragmatism in Transitional Justice South Africa’s TRC and Peace Building

"This paper aims at conceptualising the role of transitional justice in peace building by focusing on South Africa’s TRC. It argues that building sustainable peace in societies that have suffered protracted conflict or human rights abuse calls no...

MONUC and the Challenges of Peace Implementation in the Democratic Republic of Congo, Pretoria 17 - 19 September 2003: A participants perspective

"In brief, the progress made so far within the transition process and the renewed determination shown by international actors give grounds for cautious optimism.However, building peace in the DRC will entail facing two major challenges: a)startin...

Justice and Peace in a New Zimbabwe Transitional Justice Options

"Against the backdrop of an international legal and normative framework which may shape justice options, the first part of this paper addresses the question ‘why a truth commission?’We suggest that Zimbabwe’s particular experiences necessitate a n...

African Journal on Conflict Resolution Vol. 9, No. 2, 2009

"This special edition provides a unique medium to outline some of the gender concerns and priorities that have emerged in recent transitional justice initiatives in Africa. The opening article provides a brief overview of significant developments...

Conflict Trends Issue 1 2012

This issue has seven articles. 'Assessing the African Union’s Response to the Libyan Crisis' analyses the AU’s response to the Libyan crisis as represented by its roadmap as well as its decision to recognise the National Transitional Council (NTC)...

Justice and Peacebuilding in Post-Conflict Situations: An argument for including Gender Analysis in a new Post-Conflict Model

"After the 1991–2001 civil war, Sierra Leone employed a new model of transitional justice, concurrently utilising a Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) and a Special Court. Encouragingly, this process incorporated special gender consideratio...

Localising Peacebuilding in Sierra Leone: What Does it Mean?

"Contemporary peacebuilding processes increasingly propose and adopt local ownership as a fundamental prerequisite in sustainable peacebuilding. Local ownership presupposes the application of an organic and context-specific approach to peacebuildi...

Reconciliation and Transitional Justice: The Case of Rwanda's Gacaca Courts

"This paper has a two-fold objective:firstly to conceptualise reconciliation as an outcome of transitional justice, and secondly to analyse critically the implications and consequences of the Rwandan transitional justice programmes (specifically t...

Moving Forward Traditional Justice and Victim Participation in Northern Uganda

"Traditional justice practices are increasingly considered as a potential mechanism for conflict resolution and transitional justice. Northern Uganda is a case in point: traditional justice practices such as Mato Oput are about to be used for reso...

The Role of Civil Society in Advocating for Transitional Justice in Uganda

"This paper examines the role of civil society in addressing issues of transitional justice in a society like Uganda where there has been no democratic transition. When taking into account the theoretical conceptualisation of civil society, one ha...

Mapping Women's Needs in Zimbabwe's National Healing Process

"The paper aims to offer policymakers insights that they can use to drive the inclusion of gender justice within transitional justice processes. Written against the background of rising expectations, fears and anxieties about Zimbabwe’s socio-poli...

Transitional Justice Options for Zimbabwe: A Guide to Key Concepts

"Post-conflict justice involves a delicate balance between peace, justice and reconciliation. Managing these issues is difficult and may take a very long time, especially within a highly divisive political context such as that of Zimbabwe. The sit...

The ICC and Community-Level Reconciliation: In-Country Perspectives

"The ICC interventions in Africa have precipitated debate about the role of transitional justice processes in stabilising war-affected and post-authoritarian countries. The focus of this Regional Consultation was therefore timely and relevant to t...

Critical Lessons in Post-Conflict Security in Africa: The Case of Liberia’s Truth and Reconciliation Commission

"This paper reviews the causes of the conflict, the political settlement that was eventually arrived at in order to bring the conflict to an end as well as the nature of the major transitional justice mechanism that was implemented along with its ...

Conflict Trends Issue 2 2016

In ‘To Punish or to Reform? Survivor Justice in Africa’ focuses only on survivor justice as a model more suitable to African contexts, where conflicts are mostly internal and there are rarely decisive military victories between political adversari...

The Peacebuilding Role of Civil Society in South Sudan

The nature and role of civil society in South Sudan has been largely shaped by a Western narrative that equates civil society with non-governmental organisations (NGOs), while tending to ignore existing institutions such as local chiefs and tradit...

The Revitalization of the ARCSS and the Prospects for Peace in South Sudan

This policy paper evaluates the prospects of peace in South Sudan within the context of the recently proposed revitalization process of the 2015 political pact. The paper broadly argues that the revitalization process is important, but it must con...

Peace versus Justice? Truth and Reconciliation Commissions and War Crime Tribunals in Africa

Whether moving from armed conflict; the end of authoritarian rule; or systematic state repression, there is often a demand in Africa’s post-conflict societies for justice that is often counter-balanced by the need for reconciliation. A key focus ...

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