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The Peacebuilding Role of Civil Society in South Sudan

The theme of the seminar discussed in this paper was: “The Peace building Role of Civil Society in South Sudan”. This seminar was held in order to reflect critically on the record of, and prospects for, civil society in peacemaking and peace buildi…

Kenya – A Year After The Crisis: The Quest for Electoral Reform and Transitional Justice

"This Situation Report assessess the key issues raised by the Kriegler and Waki Commissions. In specific, it seeks to evaluate the challenges of implementing the recommendations pertaining to electoral reform and transitional justice. There is a p…

How the AU can Promote Transitional Justice in South Sudan

The African Union is mandated to help South Sudan to ensure accountability for past human rights abuses through the establishment of a hybrid court. This mandate is derived from the Agreement for the Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan, signed i…

Transitioning Toward Gender Justice: A Trend Analysis of 13 African cases

Gender justice sees equal power relations, privilege, dignity, and freedom for people of different genders as a necessary component for any “just” society and a prerequisite for development. Gender justice includes gender equality, meaning substan…

The ICC and the African Union: “Engaging African Youth in International Justice”

This policy brief outlines the debate surrounding the ICC’s focus on (sub-Saharan) Africa, describing how the Court has become the de facto court of transitional justice in Africa, and arguing that a realist theoretical framework can best explain it…

Citizens’ Perceptions on Transitional Justice Processes in South Sudan

In 2013, Africa’s newest state, was on the brink of collapse. Internal armed conflict, serious human rights violations and a divided government led to the death or displacement of thousands of people. A 2015 peace agreement ended the conflict and cr…

Traditional Transitional Justice Mechanisms - Lessons from Africa

Transitional justice is widely accepted as a process for countries to employ when transitioning from authoritarian rule or armed conflict to democracy and in their quest to address legacies of systemic violence and human rights violations. As defi…

Addressing Gender Justice and Colonialism Through Transitional Justice in Africa

Transitional justice is a crucial element for the promotion of human rights, justice, peace, good governance and development in Africa. Africa as a continent with legacies of violence and human rights abuses requires that transitional justice proc…

Addressing Diversity and Inclusion Through Transitional Justice

Transitional justice is generally promoted on the basis that it ensures that the diverse sectors of society affected by conflict are included in the process of rebuilding societies after conflict and authoritarian rule. Inclusion, diversity, victim-…

Transitional Justice and the Inclusion of LGBTQIA+ Rights

The aim of transition is to shift from authoritarian and exclusive governance to a more inclusive and democratic system. Transitional justice seeks to recognise past abuses and traumas, and give rise to new societies that embrace diversity and inclu…

Horn of Africa Bulletin August-September 2020 Volume 32 Issue 1

This Horn of Africa Bulletin (HAB) Issue is dedicated towards assessing the nexus between transitional justice, peacebuilding and reconciliation, by engaging with case studies in the region, including Somalia, South Sudan as well as the work of the …

Horn of Africa Bulletin, November - December 2020, Volume 32, Issue 2

Countries emerging from violent conflicts or repressive authoritarian rule and seeking to transition into a more peaceful and democratic dispensation, face the inevitable challenge of designing and implementing justice, reconciliation and peacebuild…

The African Union Transitional Justice Policy: The Missing Sixth Pillar of the African Peace and Security Architecture

The adoption of the African Union Transitional Justice Policy (AUTJP) in February 2019 was a momentous step on the part of the African Union (AU) in delivering on its mandate to end violent conflicts on the continent and ensure sustainable peace. Th…

Transitional Justice in South Sudan: A Case for Sustainable Peace, Accountability, Reconciliation and Healing

The justice versus peace dichotomy or lack thereof has spawned both legal practice and international law literature for decades. As the debate pertains to the application of transitional justice specifically against the backdrop of mass political vi…

Civil Society Leading Transitional Justice in Southern Africa: Lessons from Zimbabwe

Using Zimbabwe as a case study, this policy brief presents a practice model of how civil society can play an effective and proactive leadership role in pushing for the implementation of transitional justice. The briefing outlines the civil society-l…

COVID-19, Transitional Justice and Victims' Experiences in Africa

In 2019, the African Union adopted a new tool to guide processes of coming to terms with difficult pasts and mass atrocities on the African continent – the African Union Transitional Justice Policy (AUTJP). The policy had not been around long when t…

Transitional Justice in Crisis Situations: Addressing Violent Extremism Beyond a Militarised Approach

While transitional justice mechanisms have been repeatedly proffered and experimented in virtually every African country that has undergone armed conflict since 1990, its application in situations of unconventional warfare, as is the case with viole…

The African Union Transitional Justice Policy: Expanding the Frontiers of Transitional Justice

In February 2019, the African Union (AU), at the summit it held in Addis Ababa, adopted its transitional justice policy. The AU Transitional Justice Policy (AUTJP) is the culmination of a nearly decade-long legislative process. In the long trajector…

Sudan's Transition: What are the Chances of Success?

Peaceful mass protests led to the military ouster of Omar al-Bashir, ending his 30-year rule in 2019. A power-sharing agreement between the military and civilians has given much to hope for in ending Sudan’s civil wars and ushering in democratic gov…

Land and Reparative Justice in South Sudan

Land, reparations and transitional justice are linked in South Sudan. The African Union’s 2014 inquiry saw land grabbing as among the accumulated grievances and called for land reform as part of transitional justice processes. Yet the 2018 peace a…

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