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Assessment on the Adaptive Capacity of the Machobane Farming System to Climate Change in Lesotho

"Lesotho is a landlocked country within South Africa with a population of less than 2 million and is highly vulnerable to climatic changes. Agriculture remains a major source of income for more than 80% of rural population in Lesotho. Despite its ...

Strengthening National Intellectual Property Policy and Legal Frameworks in Eastern and Southern Africa: A Communication Strategy

"The goal of the programme is to strengthen policy and legal framework development for Traditional Knowledge (TK), Access and Benefit Sharing (ABS) and effective IP Systems in the Eastern and Southern Africa. The purpose of the programme is to pro...

Why Protect Traditional Knowledge?

There are limited policy and legal frameworks for the protection of traditional knowledge in Africa. The regional or international legal instruments are unlikely to address the needs and aspirations of the individual states. This report attempts t...

Climate Change and Pastoralism: Traditional Coping Mechanisms and Conflict in the Horn of Africa

The adverse impacts of climate change are predicted to severely constrain the lives and livelihoods of Africans. Pastoralists are among the most vulnerable population groups. Considering the fact that the Horn of Africa has a large concentratio...

National Legislation, Policies, Strategies and Programmes to Ensure Appropriate Protection and Benefit-sharing of Traditional Herbal Medicinal Knowledge with and by Traditional Herbalists in Uganda

"Today, the importance of Traditional Knowledge (TK) in Uganda cannot be overemphasized given the country’s widespread cultural wealth in knowledge, creativity and innovation. To-date, however, there is a limited number of established laws, polici...

Intellectual Property, Traditional Knowledge, Access Benefit Sharing Policy Environment in Eight Countries in Eastern and Southern Africa: Swaziland, Kenya, Lesotho, Mozambique, Malawi, Tanzania, Uganda and Ethiopia

There is need for the African states to develop appropriate policies and legal frameworks to enable the local communities to benefit through Access and Benefit Sharing of their resources nurtured for a long time. The purpose of the study was to bu...

Assessment of Possible Intellectual Property Protection Options of Traditional Knowledge Systems in Ethiopia: Special Reference in Herbal Medicine for Livestock

"Primary data were collected from purposively selected elders' pastoralists in Ethiopia, whose livelihoods depend predominantly on livestock and their products. Most of the treatments in the study areas are plant based. 78.2% of the healers depen...

National Policies and Legal Frameworks Governing Traditional Knowledge and Effective Intellectual Property Systems in Southern and Eastern Africa: The Case of Traditional Healers in Tanzania

"The study has explored the existing policy and legal frameworks and the community protection mechanisms of traditional knowledge in Tanzania. The major objective of the study was to build a body of knowledge in the area of protection of tradit...

Assessment of the Impacts and Adaptive Capacity of the Machobane Farming System to Climate Change in Lesotho

Agriculture is the major source of income for the rural population in Lesotho. The arable land is about 9% of the total land area and the current crop yields are about half the level achieved in the late 1970s. The rural economy had been languishi...

Assessment of Possible Intellectual Property Protection Options of Traditional Knowledge Systems in Ethiopia: Special Reference in Herbal Medicine for Livestock

"This research was initiated to exploit traditional knowledge on traditional herbal medicine with special reference to livestock. Healing with Ethiopian traditional medicine is not only concerned with curing of diseases but also with the protecti...

Frameworks for Intellectual Property Protection of Traditional Knowledge in Tanzania

This study revealed that protection mechanisms among the community is mainly secrecy, which cannot be recommended as a means of protecting the TK. Leakage of the secrets could lead to no protection. As TK is not documented, there is a danger of lo...

Towards Influencing National Legislation, Policies, Strategies and Programmes for Appropriate Protection and Benefit-Sharing of Traditional Knowledge (TK) with Traditional Herbalists in Uganda

"Today, the importance of Traditional Knowledge (TK) in Uganda cannot be overemphasized given the country’s widespread cultural wealth in knowledge, creativity and innovation. To-date however, there are no established laws, policies or programmes ...

Traditional Healers and Their Provision of Mental Health Services in Cosmopolitan Informal Settlements in Nairobi, Kenya

One of the major challenges for the Government is the provision of health services for its people, which is a basic need. However, Kenya just like other developing economies is generally constrained by lack of sufficient resources to sustain this ...

Tiered or Differentiated Approach to Traditional Knowledge and Traditional Cultural Expressions: The Evolution of a Concept

For nearly two decades, the World Intellectual Property Organization’s (WIPO’s) expert committee, known as the Intergovernmental Committee on Intellectual Property and Genetic Resources, Traditional Knowledge and Folklore (IGC), has been working...

Intellectual Property Protection in Africa Status of Laws, Research and Policy Analysis in Ghana, Kenya, Nigeria, South Africa and Uganda

Intellectual property rights (IPRs) are property rights in something intangible and protect innovations and reward innovative activity. IPRs are concerned with the expression of an idea for an invention, the details of which have been worked out ...

Appropriate Protection, Promotion and Access to Benefit-sharing of Traditional Herbal Medicinal Knowledge in Uganda

"Traditional Knowledge in Uganda as exemplified through traditional herbal medicine enjoys national patronage by individuals. It is acknowledged that this knowledge is passed on from generation to generation. The current and modern regimes on inte...

Assessment of Possible Intellectual Property Protection Options of Traditional Knowledge Systems in Ethiopia: Special Reference in Herbal Medicine for Livestock

This research was initiated to exploit the traditional knowledge on traditional herbal medicine with special reference to livestock. Healing with Ethiopian traditional medicine is not only concerned with curing of diseases but also with the pro...

National Policies and Legal Frameworks Governing Traditional Knowledge and Effective Intellectual Property Systems in Southern and Eastern Africa: The Case of Traditional Healers in Tanzania

The study has explored the existing policy and legal frameworks and the community protection mechanisms of traditional knowledge in Tanzania. The study also examined previous studies undertaken on protection of traditional knowledge and synthesiz...

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