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Productivity, Market Structure and Trade Liberalization in Nigeria

"This study investigates the relationship between trade liberalization and the market structure and productivity performance of the Nigerian manufacturing sector. The study also shows that foreign ownership has an important bearing on firm performa…

South Africa and the GATT

"After years of political isolation from the multilateral trading system, South Africa is now being required not only to conform to the existing provisions of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), but also to sign on to the Uruguay Rou…

Cumulative Costs of Trade Protection in the South African Economy

"Trade protection appears to be a politically attractive policy tool because of a certain degree of asymmetric information in society: most voters appreciate the immediate gains for the protected industries and underestimate the costs for the econom…

Prospects for Export Diversification in Botswana

"This study does not treat export diversification as an enclave issue that is somehow disconnected from the rest of the economy. For example, reform of Government monopolies in telecommunications and air travel is not a new issue. However, we presen…

To Liberalise or not to liberalise? A review of the South African Government's trade policy

"Trade policy is a central feature of the South African government's economic policy. In the early years of the transition to democratic rule it was widely debated. This debate receded recently, but is returning to centre stage as government's trade…

Developing country coalitions in multilateral trade negotiations: Aligning the majors?

"This paper focuses on coalition building by developing countries, which is a key indicator of their overall capacity and effectiveness in the WTO. The issue is examined in the context of national trade policies and trade negotiations on other tra…

Where are the Dynamics of Export Diversification in Ethiopia?

With the export promotion strategy, Ethiopia has tried to increase export earnings by exporting more in terms of volume and number of commodities. It has also formulated different strategies and undertaken various policy changes. Among such changes …

Où en Sont les Dynamiques de Diversification des Exportations en Ethiopie? / Where are the Dynamics of Export Diversification in Ethiopia?

With the export promotion strategy, Ethiopia has tried to increase export earnings by exporting more in terms of volume and number of commodities. It has also formulated different strategies and undertaken various policy changes. Among such changes …

How the World Trading System Promotes and Impedes the Diversification of Developing Countries

Diversification is important because it is associated with economic growth and reduced volatility. Export diversification is especially important for developing countries as a source of foreign exchange and imported know-how. We examine how export d…

The Republic of South Sudan: Progress, Prospects and Challenges of Regional Integration

Belonging to one or more regional blocks is very popular in Africa as could be seen from the plethora of multiple membership of countries. South Sudan is no exception in such effort. The purpose of this research is to assess the extent to which the …

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