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Migration of Skills in South Africa: Patterns, Trends and Challenges

"It is a human inclination to want to position oneself where conditions are best for personal fulfillment, growth and success. People migrate because they perceive their environment as inadequate in terms of what they desire or deserve. The more d...

The UN Convention on the Rights of Migrant Workers: The Ratification Non-Debate

"In order to better understand the relevance of the Convention to South Africa, it is necessary to examine the history of the ICMW and why other countries have been so hesitant to ratify it. Second, it is necessary to provide an overview of migran...

South African Government and Civil Society Responses to Zimbabwean Migration

"This policy brief discusses a key paradox in relation to Zimbabwean migration into South Africa. While Zimbabwean migration since 2000 has been the largest concentrated flow in South African history, South Africa’s reaction to this movement has b...

Labour Migration Trends and Policies in Southern Africa

"Since 1990, there have been major changes to longstanding patterns of intra-regional labour migration within the Southern African Development Community (SADC). At the same time, new channels of migration to and from the region have opened. Labour...

Swaziland Moves: Perceptions and Patterns of Modern Migration

"Swaziland has an unusually rich migration history. Swazi men and women have been migrating across colonial and international borders for decades for a multiplicity of reasons. Within the country, post-independence economic development was accompa...

HIV/AIDS and Children's Migration in Southern Africa

"Southern Africa is the region worst affected by the global AIDS pandemic and also experiences very high levels of migration. The two countries examined in this paper, Lesotho and Malawi, have estimated adult HIV prevalence rates of 31% and 16% re...

Degrees of Uncertainty: Students and the Brain Drain in Southern Africa

"The brain drain has recently emerged as a major policy issue in Southern Africa. Although precise data on the extent of the skills exodus is lacking, all the countries of the region have expressed concern about the impact of an accelerating brai...

Understanding Press Coverage of Cross-Border Migration in Southern Africa Since 2000

"Xenophobia is a distinctive and widespread phenomenon in South and Southern Africa. The print media, in particular, has been accused of exacerbating xenophobic attitudes. This paper discusses press coverage of cross-border migration in Southern ...

Medical Recruits: The Temptation of South African Health Care Professionals

"Health workers are one of the categories of skilled professionals most affected by globalization. Over the past decade, there has emerged a substantial body of research that tracks patterns of international migration of health personnel, assesses...

Northern Gateway: Cross-Border Migration Between Namibia and Angola

"Namibia shares its borders with five other SADC countries: South Africa, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Zambia and Angola. Communities in southern Angola and northern Namibia share deep cultural roots and people along the border have similar cultural pract...

Early Departures: The Emigration Potential of Zimbabwean Students

"Zimbabwe is experiencing a crippling flight of professional and skilled people that has escalated to levels that have serious implications for economic growth and development. Previous studies have discovered extremely high levels of dissatisfac...

Migration and Domestic Work in South Africa: Worlds of Work, Health and Mobility in Johannesburg

"South Africa is in the middle of a well-documented HIV/AIDS epidemic. Infection rates were calculated to be 22% of the adult population in 2003. A number of different reasons have been advanced to explain the HIV/AIDS epidemic in South Africa. ...

States of Vulnerability: The Future Brain Drain of Talent to South Africa

"Skills emigration or the 'brain drain' has become a major policy and research issue at the national, regional and continental level in Africa. African governments emerged from colonialism with a woefully inadequate skills base. After independenc...

Migration and Development in Mozambique: Poverty, Inequality and Survival

"Despite Mozambique’s economic growth rate being one of the highest in Africa over the past few years, much of the growth is linked to the development of highly capital intensive “mega” projects with limited absorption of unskilled workers. The ur...

Migration, Remittances and Development in Southern Africa

"Remittances by migrants are now a focus of attention of governments and development agencies worldwide. Globally, cash remittances by international migrants now exceed $250 billion per annum, easily outweighing the value of development assistanc...

Voices from the Margins: Migrant Women's Experiences in Southern Africa

"The concept of the feminization of migration traditionally refers to the growth in numbers and relative importance of women’s migration, particularly from and within developing countries. In Africa, for example, the proportion of female migrants...

The Haemorrhage of Health Professionals from South Africa: Medical Opinions

"The health sector has been especially hard hit by the brain drain from South Africa. Unless the push factors are successfully addressed, intense interest in emigration will continue to translate into departure for as long as demand exists abroad...

Gender, Migration and Remittances in Southern Africa

"Migrant remittances have become an important source of income for many developing countries, exceeding official development assistance. As a result, migration and remittance behaviour are becoming a growing focus of international attention. Und...

The Perfect Storm: The Realities of Xenophobia in Contemporary South Africa

"The world recently watched with dismay as South African citizens violently attacked foreign nationals in communities across the country. Tens of thousands of migrants were displaced, amid mass looting and destruction of foreign-owned homes, prope...

Migrant Remittances and Household Survival in Zimbabwe

"Migrant remittances are now recognised as an important source of global development finance and there is increasing evidence that international remittances have considerable developmental impacts. The contribution of remittances to GDP in many d...

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