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Progress Towards a Better Quality of Life and Improved Social Well being in Tanzania

"This brief summarises Chapter 2 of the 2007 Poverty and Human Development Report (PHDR) for Tanzania. The 2007 PHDR provides key information and data on national indicators, provides a framework for determining a strategic approach to growth, and a…

Vulnerability and Social Protection Programmes in Tanzania

"This report describes the extent to which major social protection and risk management programmes and strategies adopted in Tanzania have contributed in shielding the extremely vulnerable individuals, households and communities in urban and rural …

Social Protection: Assuring a Minimum Income for the Poorest in Tanzania

"This report provides a review of one element of social protection in Tanzania. It examined, specifically, the dimension of social protection that deals with supporting household consumption/income through interventions at the level of the househo…

Poverty and Human Development Report 2007

"Analysis begins with examination of the most recent data for the national set of indicators used to monitor Tanzania's National Strategy for Growth and Reduction of Poverty. The three major clusters of desired outcomes of poverty reduction: growth,…

More to Life than Economics and Livelihoods: The Politics of Social Protection and Social Development in Post Apartheid South Africa

"This paper is divided into five sections: an introductory section that includes a review of critical concepts currently underpinning social policy and anti-poverty debates gobally and in South Africa; a second section exploring key social policy tr…

Social Protection, Citizenship and the Employment Relationship

"This paper addresses the issues of social protection, citizenship and the employment relationship through the lens of South Africa. All ideologies of welfare have at their heart assumptions both about the nature of the relationship between the stat…

Trading on a Grant: Integrating Formal and Informal Social Protection in Post-Apartheid Migrant Networks

"The paper begins with a brief description of the broader context of vulnerability and poverty experienced in post-apartheid migrant networks. This is followed by a brief summary of what the case studies revealed about the informal social protection…

Informal Social Protection in Post-Apartheid Migrant Networks: Vulnerability, Social Networks and Reciprocal Exchange in the Eastern and Western Cape, South Africa

"This paper considers the dynamics of informal social protection in the context of chronic poverty and vulnerability in post-apartheid migrant networks. It argues that in poor and marginalised households in South Africa, the indirect impacts of soci…

Influencing Policy for Children in Tanzania : Lessons From Education, Legislation and Social Protection

"The central concern of this paper is to identify the best systems and mechanisms to enable support for children, especially the most vulnerable children, given limited resources and capacity constraints. While the issues remain complex, an examinat…

Poverty Among the Elderly and Children in Mainland Tanzania

"This brief analyses the economic situation of elderly persons and children in Tanzania. Significantly, the analysis found that households with elderly and children only are by far the poorest, in both urban and rural areas; 45% of these households …

Developing Social Protection in Tanzania within a Context of Generalised Insecurity

"Section II of this document on the research programme for social protection develops the overall conceptual framework and sets out the overall agenda and rationale for this research programme. Section III set forward three research sub themes : pro…

Social Protection of the Elderly in Tanzania: Current Status and Future Possibilities

"This brief summarises the findings of a study on social protection of elderly in Tanzania. The study began by analysing the current status of living arrangements and material well-being of Tanzanians over 60 years of age, using data from the 2007 H…

Heifer in Trust, Social Protection and Graduation : Conceptual Issues and Empirical Questions

The ‘heifer-in-trust’ or ‘livestock-in-kind credit’ model is being examined in this article through a social-protection lens. It seeks specifically, to engage with debates about the use of asset-based strategies to support graduation from social pro…

How Technology can be Deployed to Scale-up Social Protection during COVID-19: The Case of South Africa, Nigeria and Africa

The COVID-19 pandemic has exposed serious flaws in advanced capitalism, as it no longer holds true that a thriving economy will ensure social well-being. Activist redistributive fiscal policies are as a result, increasingly being implemented to stab…

Social Protection in Tanzania: Challenges in the Shift of Financing PSSN from External Funding to Government

The last two decades have witnessed a global expansion of social protection programmes, initially in middle income Latin American countries, and later in low-income countries (LICs) including Africa. The expansion has mirrored a growing influence of…

AI4D - Digital and Biometric Identity Systems

This policy paper examines issues emerging around the deployment of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in Digital and Biometric Identities (BDI) being rolled out across Africa as a central part of digital strategies to meet the UN 2030 Sustainable Develop…

Expanding Fiscal Space for Social Protection: The Case for Adolescent-oriented Services

This brief focuses on fiscal space for adolescent-oriented services (notably in health and education) within the broader social protection framework. There are several reasons for focusing on adolescent services in Uganda, including their increasing…

Between Burden and Benefit: Migrant Remittances, Social Protection and Sustainable Development

In this report, we review the evidence for the linkages between migrant remittances and the social welfare of receiving households, communities and countries, as well as remitters themselves. In LMICs, where public forms of social welfare measures h…

South Africa Disability Legislation and Policy Gap Analysis

South Africa in ratifying the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and its Optional Protocol in 2007 assumed the obligation to take all appropriate legislative, administrative and other measures to implement the rights of persons…

COVID-19, Social Protection and the Labour Market in South Africa: Are Social Grants being Targeted at the most Vulnerable?

In light of the South African government’s pandemic-induced expansion of the country’s social protection system to provide relief to vulnerable individuals and households, this paper aims to use newly available, nationally representative survey data…

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