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Human Rights and Social Cohesion : The State of Play

Zimbabwe’s economic decline as well as the effect that it had on the residents world view and value system as a whole is profound. A highly unpredictable environment was created where most individuals and communities, being unaware of where their ne…

African Journal on Conflict Resolution vol. 15, no. 3, 2015

‘A comparative analysis of the Post-Arab Spring National Dialogues in Tunisia and Yemen’ says post-conflict societies are in a fragile state in which social cohesion needs to be gradually rebuilt. This article uses Jane Jenson’s model on social cohe…

Zambia's Constitution Making Process Addressing the Impasse and Future Challenges

"The report is divided into five sections. The first provides a brief historical background to Zambia’s constitution making phases. The second is a discussion on the triggers of constitution-making in Zambia since independence in 1964. In the third…

Can Development Interventions Help Post-conflict Communities Build Social Cohesion? The Case of the Liberia Millennium Villages

"This paper evaluates the efforts of one international development intervention — the Kokoyah Millennium Villages Project (KMVP) — to improve welfare and build social cohesion in post-conflict Liberia. This study is based on a preliminary analysis o…

The Constant Quest for Solutions through Dialogue and Consensus in Rwanda: The Mechanisms for Dialogue and Consensus

"Following the devastating Genocide against the Tutsi in 1994, Rwanda has deliberately set out to build a society that is socially cohesive and makes the good life possible for all. It has aimed not just to overcome sectarian divides but for economi…

Conflict Trends Issue 3 2014

In ‘South Africa and South-South Approaches to Post-conflict Development in Africa’ since 1994, promoting cordial and strategic relations with other countries in the Global South has been a key objective of South Africa’s foreign policy. Until recen…

Women's Contribution to Social Cohesion and Violence Prevention through the Community Work Programme

"The Community Work Programme (CWP) is a public employment programme that provides two days of work per week to unemployed and underemployed people in economically marginalised areas. The CWP aims to be an employment safety net, ensuring a basic …

A Follow-up Report on the Community Work Programme in Bokfontein

In this community, people worked in various projects such as road maintenance, gardening, home-based care, afterschool care, cutting grass, installing pipes for water, and working on the park. All these projects were also found to be effective in f…

Kenya Exploring Peaceful Coexistence in Nairobi's Urban Settlements, Eastleigh, Majengo, Mlango Kubwa

The aim of this research project was to increase CCMRE’s and LPI’s understanding of the complex web of mechanisms affecting (strengthening or weakening) communal coexistence and social cohesion in two sub-administration units of Kamukunji Sub-Count…

Towards a Social Cohesion Index for South Africa using SARB Data

The aim of this paper is to create a measurement for national-level social cohesion in South Africa, by creating an index of variables that provide insight into what it is that holds our society together and conversely, what causes division within i…

Patrolling during a Pandemic: Recommendations to the South African Police Service and South African National Defence Force during the COVID-19 Deployment

On 5 March, 2020, the Minister of Health, Zweli Mkhize, announced the first confirmed case of coronavirus in South Africa. On 15 March, President Cyril Ramaphosa declared a National State of Disaster and announced a series of immediate measures to m…

Ties that Bind? Evidence of both Unity and Division in 18 African Countries

In this year of COVID-19, the ability of societies to work collectively to respond to challenges has taken center stage. In fact, early public support for and adherence to public health measures has been cited as one factor explaining Africa’s far l…

Social Cohesion Hangs in the Balance as South Africans Feel Economically Insecure: Reflections from the South African Reconciliation Barometer

This paper is comprised of three sections and a conclusion. Section 1 provides an overview of the SARB survey methodology. The SARB survey is a nationally representative opinion survey run by the IJR. The survey interviews 2 400 South Africans, gene…

State of the Nation: Insights on South African Society, Economy and Politics

In anticipation of the State of the Nation Address (SONA), the Institute for Justice and Reconciliation (IJR) has produced this succinct policy brief assessing where we are as a nation and the opportunities that we can leverage in the interest of st…

Social Cohesion among South Africans, and between South Africans and Foreigners: Evidence from the South African Reconciliation Barometer 2017

The first section of this paper, discusses the question: What in your view are the underlying causes of ongoing stigma and discrimination experienced by migrant communities in South Africa? In this section, the author considers the state of social c…

The Gap between Rich and Poor: South African Society’s Biggest Divide Depends on Where You Think You Fit In

This paper investigated the possible relationship between relative financial situation and the sentiment whether or not inequality is the primary source of division in South Africa. This matters, as we have shown through our literature review, becau…

Social Cohesion and Inequality in South Africa

In this paper, we examine recent trends in social cohesion and inequality, and the relationship between the two in South Africa, using data from the South African Reconciliation Barometer (SARB) surveys. Given the country’s history of long-term raci…

The Future of Eastern African Cities: How Do We Want to Live in 2050?

Urbanization is inevitable and irreversible. Globally, around 3 billion new urban dwellers are expected to arrive in cities and towns by 2050. In contrast, it took the entire history of humanity to reach the 3.5 billion urban dwellers that live in…

Enhancing Pastoral Women’s Economic Empowerment in Lowland Borena, Dire and Miyo Districts, Borena Zone, Oromia Regional State: Impact Assessment Report

More than a Space for Interracial Contact: Exploring the Importance of the Workplace for Social Cohesion and Reconciliation in South Africa

Acknowledging that interactions between South Africans from various backgrounds extend beyond contact, but also take place within a historical and contemporary context, this report consists of several parts. Firstly, it explores the changing nature …

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