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Best Practices: Formalization and Due Diligence in Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining

This paper introduces various formalization and due diligence efforts within the ASM sector. We provide a general overview and explore examples of three countries—looking at the positive and negative impacts of these processes— to provide key lesson…

The West African El Dorado: Mapping the Illicit Trade of Gold in Côte d’Ivoire, Mali and Burkina Faso

The analyses in this report maps the enforcement and governance challenges, as well as vulnerabilities posed by the illicit trade of gold in West Africa and its impact on regional peace and stability. This report’s scope focuses on the artisanal gol…

Blockchain in the Mining Industry: Implications for Sustainable Development in Africa

Distributed ledger technologies (DLT) enable the creation of digital databases stored across multiple locations. In the most-advanced design of DLTs, blockchains record and publish transactions through a peer-to-peer and tamper-proof block structure…

Changing the Paradigm of Illegal Galamsey in Ghana

In Ghana, small-scale miners need a license before they can operate. However, majority of small-scale miners are operating in Ghana without any legal license. The activity, which has kept on attracting several thousands of local Ghanaians, particula…

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