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Leadership and Skills: Building Blocks of African Development

"This paper focuses on exactly this issue of leadership, and its related corollary of education, drawing on the various case studies of the project. Good governance, the mantra of this decade, requires committed political leadership, if it is going…

Back to the blackboard: Looking beyond universal primary education in Africa

"Education is the driving force behind any strong economy and a prerequisite for social and economic growth. It creates opportunities and provides societies with a better educated and skilled workforce which is necessary for stimulating development.…

South Korea's education and skills development: Some lesson for Africa

"This report focuses on the phenomenal educational success of South Korea since the 1960s.The paper is divided into four parts. First, I look at the essential cultural and historical elements and assess the place of education in Korean thought and …

Analytical Brief of the 2019 Social Sector Budget: 'A Call for Fairness and Elimination of Wastage'

The 2019 National Budget comes at a time when the Government is facing fiscal constraints. Nevertheless, the Government will still have to deliver essential social services to its population to build on progress made in the past in order to safeguar…

Exposed to Civil War as Children, Sierra Leone's Young Adults Suffer in the Labour Market

The violent civil conflict in Sierra Leone that lasted from 1991 to 2002 destroyed most of the country’s social, economic, and physical infrastructures. By the end of the war, almost half the country’s population was displaced (2.1 million people), …

Addressing Youth Unemployment in Uganda; The Inevitable Advice of the 21st Century

The issues raised in this policy brief provide a body of recommendations to policy makers including: the central government, local governments, curriculum developers, educationalists, and other policy implementers. It also highlights a clear vision …

How Policymakers can Tackle the Youth Unemployment Crisis in Gabane, Botswana

Unemployment in Botswana is relatively high (23%) and even higher for youth (26%) using the narrow definition of unemployment. Despite the concerted efforts of the government of Botswana, uptake of youth employment programmes remains relatively very…

COVID-19 and Regional Integration in Southern Africa: South Africa's Moment of Truth

The COVID-19 pandemic is causing untold hardship across the world and Africa is not being spared. COVID-19 also tests the basic assumptions upon which the liberal international order is built, including the return to the primacy of national interest…

Determinants of Unemployment and Labour-Market Transitions for Youth in Botswana

Africa has a youthful population and Botswana is no exception. As a result, Botswana suffers from high youth unemployment problems. Hence, this paper seeks to empirically investigate how the socioeconomic characteristics of the youth of Gabane villa…

Africa’s 'Youth Employment' Crisis is actually a 'Missing Jobs' Crisis

The contribution of this paper is to bring together evidence from a wide range of sources; indicate where the evidence supports the current policy orthodoxy and where it does not; and map out an alternative policy narrative and policy landscape. The…

Skills Transfer and Women in Africa's Green Transition

Women remain under-represented in energy value chains, and this is true also for the Africa region. While a range of policies and initiatives are being implemented to promote gender mainstreaming in the energy sector, there is a need to focus on eff…

Education Sector Development in Kenya

Provision of quality and high-level education to citizens is one of the core mandates of any government around the world. In Kenya, this mandate is split between national and county governments. According to the Constitution of Kenya, 2010, the nati…

Youth Climate Advocacy

Climate change is one of the most significant intergenerational equity challenges of our time. Young people – who currently represent over 50% of the global population – are the generation who will not only be most impacted by climate change, but wh…

Digital Labour in Africa: Opportunities and Challenges

Increased access and use of the Internet has led to the advancement of online labour, which is driving the gig economy. The ‘platformisation’ of the global economy enables virtual labour mobility—the remote buying and selling of digital labour, whic…

Employment Creation Potential, Labor Skills Requirements, and Skill Gaps for Young People: A South African Case Study

South Africa has been in a long-run, low-growth trap since the onset of democratic rule in 1994, resulting in persistently high rates of unemployment and relatedly rising income inequality levels. In the absence of manufacturing sector growth, “indu…

Learning Environment and Performance of Primary Education in Tanzania

Since independence in 1961, Tanzania declared war against three social enemies, which are ignorance, poverty and diseases. The fight against ignorance was to succeed by giving special attention to the education sector. Thus, throughout the history o…

Youth Employment in Sub-Saharan Africa: Progress and Prospects

As the world’s youngest region, improving employment opportunities, especially for youth, is important in sub-Saharan Africa for several reasons, including the fact that most people work their way out of poverty. This paper reviews the state of empl…

Employment Creation Potential, Labor Skills Requirements, and Skill Gaps for Young People: A Senegal Case Study

In this paper, we analyze specific “industries without smokestacks” and their potential contribution to economic growth and job creation in Senegal. Our main finding is that this potential is huge and can be further leveraged by adopting certain pol…

Building Research Capacity in Early Career Researchers: Insights from an International Climate Research Programme

Africa is highly vulnerable to climate change and most countries are already experiencing its impacts. There is a strong need to generate improved climate information for Africa and apply this information to build resilience. One of the key long-ter…

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