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Ghana after Rawlings

"Ghana is today at an important international, regional and domestic crossroads. The outcome of its journey could affect wider perceptions of the continent generally, and South African business interests specifically. Domestically, Rawlings has b…

The privatisation of Security in Africa

"There is no doubt that the role of private protectors and armies has grown as conventional war has given way in much of the world to irregular, internal conflict. Africa is a case in point, as this study points out, where more than thirty wars have…

Election Update 2004 Namibia No 2

"This update will review the preparatory phase of the 2004 Presidential and General Elections, as well as Regional Councils Election. Attention will also be given to the delimitation process for constituencies, civic and voter education, voter regis…

Election Update 2005 Zimbabwe No 2

"This update covers the election preparation stage that includes analysis from constituency delimitation to setting of the election date. It also covers the voter registration, political party registration, candidate nomination, the campaign process…

Security of Elections in Southern Africa

"This paper will highlight some of the issues related to security of elections, which may require in-depth exploration. It serves to alert those tasked with the delivery of free, fair and credible elections with the ramifications involved."

Election Update 2006 Democratic Republic of Congo No 1

This election update provides an in-depth insight into the pre-election period. Subjects covered are among other, transition to democracy, peace process, history of elections, preparedness of the Electoral Management Body and Civil Society Organiza…

Election Update 2005 Mauritius No 2 & 3

This report discusses the 2005 elections in Mauritius. The following issues are being examined : Voter and political party registration, candidate nomination, campaign process, Civic/Voter Education, Role of Security Forces, Printing of Ballot Paper…

Election Update 2004 Botswana No 2

This paper discussed the 2004 elections in Botswana. Key issues discussed were: Women Representation in Parliament, Voter Registration and education, Campaign Process, Role of the Security Forces.

Political Development of Somaliland and its Conflict with Puntland

"Through successive clan conferences, Somaliland established relatively viable institutions which paved the path for reconstruction of an entity mainly employing local resources. Somaliland has thus been depicted as ‘an oasis of stability in an oth…

Rhodesia: A personal glimpse of the security situation

This brief report follows a private visit to Rhodesia by Mr. McClure from 9 to 16 August, 1978. The immediate impression is of a country engaged in guerrilla war with the psychological factor as the dominant feature. Thinking centres around the “wai…

National Security versus Basic Liberties: Human Rights Challenges in South Sudan

Although South Sudan publicly commits to a culture of human rights protection, whether through the bill of rights in the national constitution or by creating a cabinet level human rights commission or the establishment of a parliamentary committee …

Violent Extremism in Africa: Popular Assessments from the 'Eastern Corridor'

Violent extremism poses a serious security threat to governments and peoples across the African continent. Over the past two decades, national insurgencies by terrorist groups have increasingly crossed borders, creating complex, intractable regional…

Perceptions are Bad, Reality is Worse: Citizens Report Widespread Predation by African Police

Over the past two years, the #EndSARS movement in Nigeria and widely reported abuses by police enforcing pandemic restrictions have drawn renewed scrutiny to the behaviour of Africa’s security forces. Massive demonstrations against police brutality …

Managing Vigilantism in Nigeria: A Near-term Necessity

Nigeria has seen a proliferation of vigilante organisations to fight crime and protect the public. These range from small bands of volunteers in villages and city neighbourhoods to large structures established by state governments. Some have mandate…

Les Gabonais Font Peu Confiance à la Police et à la Gendarmerie / Gabonese People have Little Confidence in the Police and Gendarmerie

In all states, the main role of the gendarmerie and the police is to ensure the security of people and property and to maintain public order. In order to do this, the officers assigned to security must build a relationship of trust with the populati…

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