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The 2005 General Elections in Tanzania: Implications for Peace and Security in Southern Africa

"This paper examines the significance of the recently concluded general elections in Tanzania for the consolidation of democracy in the country, whilst highlighting the political difficulties in Zanzibar. It also examines how the election outcome ...

Somalia: Have All the Options Run Out?

"This paper examines the attempts at the restoration of peace and security in Somalia, which is critical to the establishment and maintenance of stability in the region. Unless there is genuine political will and sustained engagement from the regi...

Lesotho's troubled road

This brief reports describes the reasons and consequences of the coup d’etat in Lesotho on 20 January this year. The government of Prime Minister Leabua Jonathan and his ruling party faced two interrelated problems before the coup: waning domestic...

The Democratic Republic of Congo on the Eve of the Second Round of Elections

"This situation report will address the result of the first round, the events of 20 August, the electoral calendar, the political landscape in the run-up to the second round, the security situation, the Independent Electoral Commission’s preparati...

Democratic Republic of Congo Update: A Second Round of Elections?

"This situation report will address the general situation on Election Day, the electoral calendar after Election Day, the security situation, and possible scenarios once the results have been made public. Whatever the outcome of the first round of...

Peace, Security and Democracy in Africa? A Summary of Outcomes from the 2002 OAU/AU Summits in Durban

"This paper summarises the most important developments and outcomes following the recent meetings of the OAU/AU in Durban. Some remarks on the role of Libya are included in the interpretation, given the extent of the publicity (and confusion) thi...

Peace and Security through Good Governance A Guide to the NEPAD African Peer Review Mechanism

"This paper is focused on the political and governance component of NEPAD peer review. Hunger, poverty, HIV/AIDS and lack of development in Africa are in the first instance political and governance issues. Both economic and corporate governance t...

AIDS, Security and Governance in Southern Africa Exploring the Impact

"By undermining health and the development of human capital, it is widely acknowledged that HIV/AIDS will increasingly undermine the foundations of human and economic development, although the details of this impact are as yet poorly understood....

Peacekeeping in the DRC MONUC and the Road to Peace

"The aim of this monograph is to enhance understanding of the complex array of actors and actions that underpin the current Congolese ‘peace process’ — from the key protagonists and their interests in the DRC, to the deployment of MONUC, and attem...

Human Security in Africa A Conceptual Framework for Review

"This monograph sets out a conceptual framework for the review of selected commitments that African leaders have made at the level of the meetings of the heads of state and government of the African Union (AU) and its predecessor, the Organisation...

Angola: Getting riper for peace?

"Successful conflict mediation teaches that three conditions are necessary for political negotiations to produce long-term results: first, external consensus and pressure for the parties to compromise. Second, the establishment of common ground i...

Angola: Jaw-Jaw or War-War?

"Three questions currently stand out over Angola: First, what is the military situation? Second, what are the possible options for both UNITA and the government MPLA? Third, what can be done to make a political solution more likely? Regional and i...

Changing Paradigms in Policing - The Significance of Community Policing for the Governance of Security

"There is much talk within South Africa, as indeed across the world,about the importance of community policing as the appropriate way of policing in the new millenium. What are not always clearly spelt out, are the arguments surrounding the relati...

Options for City Police Services

"In a recent paper,it says : "Sections of the citizenry are undoubtedly unwilling to wait for the uncertain benefits of police transition, and have made their own arrangements to protect themselves and their possessions. The result is a substantia...

One step forward, two steps back: Reflections on the SADC Organ on politics, defence and security co-operation

"The purpose of this paper is to critically examine one subregional security structure — SADC's Organ on Politics, Defence and Security Co-operation. Although emphasis will be placed on the institutional structure of the Organ, the geo-strategic ...

What's Urdu for Biltong? Can South Africa Help Pakistan?

"Following its democratic turn in 1994, Nelson Mandela wrote the year previously, the second pillar of South African foreign policy would be the principle ‘that just and lasting solutions to the problems of humankind can only come through the prom...

The South African defence industry and the new thinking on security

"The idea of adopting a new approach to the way security is thought about in the region raises a number of questions with regard to the future of the South African Defence Industry (SADI). These arise, not only because of deep-seated fears based o...

The accord of Nkomati: Context and content

"The purpose of the present article is to focus on the Accord of Nkomati in the broader context of Southern African relations, to analyse its content and to compare it with the other non-aggression agreements concluded by South Africa. Part of ...

The free world and South Africa

Senator McGovern addressed SAIIA on 7 December 1978 on an issue that was similar to the American situation 200 years ago namely maintaining security and stability whilst advancing freedom and justice. The Senator described the free world and what ...

International relations in Southern Africa

"The aim of this Symposium on International Relations in Southern Africa was to place in perspective South Africa's relations with those states which can be included within the general geographical area of Southern Africa. The first paper deals w...

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