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A Review of Recent Developments in the Second Economy in Tanzania

"This paper examines the nature and estimates the magnitude of the second economy in Tanzania to establish the extent to which official national accounts misstate actual or real production of goods and services. Section II sets up the conceptual f...

The Second Economy and Tax Yield in Malawi

"This study has two main objectives. The first is to estimate the size of the underground or second economy in Malawi for the years 1965 to 1990. No attempt has previously been made to do this for the country’s entire second economy, hence there i...

Second Best? Trends and Linkages in the Informal Economy in South Africa

"The idea of a ‘second economy’ has become a feature of recent government economic policy. In this paper we focus on one important element of the second economy – the informal economy. We analyse the nature of the informal economy in South Africa...

Poverty and the ‘Second Economy’ in South Africa: An Attempt to Clarify Applicable Concepts and Quantify the Extent of Relevant Challenges

"The paper starts off by dealing with the three most common money-metric measures of poverty. It goes on to argue that looking at poverty purely from an income perspective is limiting, as there are other issues that also affect quality of life – s...

Poverty and ‘Second Economy’ in South Africa: An Attempt to Clarify Applicable Concepts and Quantify Extent of Relevant Challenges

"In brief, the paper firstly summarises old and new theoretical and technical issues on measuring poverty, secondly analyses poverty from different perspectives and highlights various research findings on poverty trends in South Africa and third...

In Search of South Africa's 'Second Economy': Chronic Poverty, Economic Marginalisation and Adverse Incorporation in Mt Frere and Khayelitsha

"Since 2003 South African policy discourse about persistent poverty has been dominated by the notion that poor people stay poor because they are trapped in a 'second economy' disconnected from the mainstream 'First-World Economy'. This paper consi...

Vulnerability and Social Protection at the Margins of the Formal Economy: Case Studies from Khayelitsha and the Eastern Cape

"This report sets out the results of an in-depth study of livelihood strategies and ‘coping mechanisms’ among poor people in one very specific, but highly significant context of poverty in South Africa. Its core concrete concern is with social g...

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