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Response to International Pressure: Realistic Options for the Future

In this brief report, Dr RW Bethlehem says that it is neither possible to talk about international pressure without dealing with domestic issues, nor possible to talk, in present circumstances, about economics without also getting involved in poli...

The 1979 Commonwealth conference: The Triumph of Quiet Diplomacy

The Commonwealth has, in the past two decades, faced several major upheavals which threatened its very existence. The paper gives the groundwork of the major split at the Lusaka Conference. The British conservative Government wanted to lift sancti...

SAIIA Southern Africa Record no 25 and 26

This issue has extracts concerning Namibia, US and Soviet interests, concerning the loan of locomotives to Zimbabwe and concerning Southern Africa. It also covers Namibia negotiations, extracts concerning United States and Southern Africa and extr...

SAIIA International Affairs Bulletin, vol. 12, no. 2, 1988

The first paper: The western/Namibian initiatives sets out to explore the origins of the western diplomatic initiative on Namibia, to advance reasons for its failure, and to suggest some of the elements required for its revitalisation. This second...

SAIIA International Affairs Bulletin, vol. 3, no. 2, 1979

Articles in this issue include: Botswana: Democracy under pressure - discussing Botswana’s position with regard to South Africa’s political situation and how it copes with being a landlocked country surviving economically as well as politically; M...

Sanctioning South Africa: Obstacles and Prospects

"Apartheid in South Africa constitutes the object of dispute between the Pretoria-based minority government of Pieter Botha and the majority black South Africans. Can sanctions, with this type of situation, be used as a means to effect a change of...

The Republic of South Africa as a Supplier of Strategic Minerals: An Assessment

This paper focuses on the economic aspects of South Africa as a supplier of strategic minerals to the Western world. It furthermore describes the importance of the railway system in South Africa and the value of the Cape Sea Route for transportati...

The Comparative Importance to British Businessmen of Trade with South Africa and Trade with the Rest of Africa

This briefing has as its focus the British trade with South Africa and Africa. British companies are being pushed into choices and the choice posed has to be viewed in the context of sanctions against South Africa. Britain is a trading nation beca...

Sanctions and Embargoes in Africa Implementation Dynamics, Prospects and Challenges in the Case of Somalia

"The Somalia arms embargo was imposed in January 1992 by Security Council Resolution 733(1992) primarily to restrict the delivery of all weapons and military equipment into Somali territory as a way of impacting on the worsening security situation...

Zimbabwe: Are Targeted Sanctions Smart Enough? On the Efficacy of International Restrictive Measures

"This Situation Report attempts to elucidate the contested matter of sanctions in Zimbabwe by outlining all the “sanctions and measures” mentioned in the GPA currently in place. Who do they target, how rigorously are they implemented, and are all ...

Transition in South Africa: The global context and the international role

This paper looks first at the impact which the dramatic changes in the international environment have had on the Southern African region and particularly on the South African political scene in the past few years. It attempts to identify some of t...

Address by mr Harry Oppenheimer to the South Africa Club Savoy Hotel, London. Wednesday 17th April 1984

This background briefing emphasises that reform should come about peacefully. Violent means and peaceful means are not alternative ways of reaching the same objective; they lead to different results. South Africa’s problems are uniquely difficult,...

Thinking about South Africa from afar

This paper discusses the foreign policy of the United States towards South Africa and whether sanctions will be beneficial to change the apartheid policy in South Africa. Four scenarios to end apartheid is dicussed namely reformmongering, revoluti...

Sanctions against South Africa: the changing context

This paper discusses the reasons for sanctions against countries and what the achievement of this supposedly would be. The sanctions by Britain against Rhodesia is discussed in length and continues with answering the question if dialogue and negot...

SAIIA Southern Africa Record no 51

This Southern Africa Record contains the following texts: Press release on SWAPO and Namibian Whites, Stockholm meeting, 19-21 June 1988; Principles for a Peaceful Settlement in South Western Africa;Statement by State President PW Botha on US sanc...

SAIIA International Affairs Bulletin, vol. 10, no. 3, 1986

This International Affairs Bulletin contains three articles by various authors. Andre du Pisani’s article isolates, identifies and describes the features of South Africa’s policies towards Namibia, which are regional in scope and intention and ...

Conflict Trends Issue 4 2015

'Conflict, Peace and Patriarchy: Female Combatants in Africa and Elsewhere’ makes the case that female combatants need much more attention than they currently receive. It further argues that their engagement with violence brings for them a unique ...

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