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Violent Extremism in the Sahel: The Birth of a Third Generation of Terrorism?

Are we witnessing a third generation of jihadism rearing its head in the Sahel? In the wake of the globalised movement of jihad in the 1990s, spearheaded by Afghan jihadists and propelled forward by Osama bin Laden and al-Qaeda, another trend has em…

Développement et/ou Sécurité: Enjeux de la Relation entre l’Union Européenne, le Maghreb et le Sahel / Development and/or Security: Issues of the Relationship between the European Union, the Maghreb and the Sahel

This Policy Brief tackles the link between development and security in the Mediterranean basin, as well as the involvement of countries on both shores in a partnership providing the necessary security for joint socio-economic development. The Sahel …

Development and/or Security: Issues Concerning the Relationship between the European Union, the Maghreb and the Sahel

[Cette note d'information est également disponible en Français intitulé: Développement et/ou sécurité : Enjeux de la relation entre l’Union Européenne, le Maghreb et le Sahel.] This Policy Brief tackles the link between development and security i…

State, Borders and Territory in the Sahel: The Case of the G5 Sahel

This document is available in French as well : L’Etat, les frontières et le territoire au Sahel : Cas du G5 Sahel. This Policy Brief highlights the depths of the Sahel crisis. Some aspects of the crisis, such as extremist violence, migration, trans…

Getting a Grip on Central Sahel’s Gold Rush

In the central Sahelian countries of Mali, Burkina Faso and Niger, armed groups have seized gold mining sites since 2016 in areas where the state is weak or absent. Artisanal gold mining has boomed since the 2012 discovery of a Saharan vein stretchi…

Tribal Dynamics in the Sahel

This paper suggests that tribal dynamics of power structure are key in reestablishing peace and development in the region. The Sahel region’s security challenges are directly influenced by tribalism and ethnic dynamics. In recent decades mistreatmen…

The Central Sahel: Scene of New Climate Wars?

Sahelian countries and their international partners should formulate a more accurate and nuanced definition of the relationship between climate change and violence, and more broadly between resource depletion and violence. To paraphrase Tor Benjamin…

Spotlight on Africa: Mapping Geopolitical Trends for Quarter One 2020

As the year moves past the first quarter, a close observation of multi-dimensional developments across political, economic, social and geopolitical spheres will provide crucial insights into emerging and established trends that will impact Africa in…

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