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Responsibility to Protect: Why Libya and not Syria?

"While the intervention in Libya saved relatively many lives, there is hesitation to intervene in Syria due to geopolitics, despite the threshold for intervention having been reached. However, by endorsing the notion of responsibility to protect, ...

The Responsibility to Protect - From Evasive to Reluctant Action ? The Role of Global Middle Powers

"In this document it was argued that R2P is becoming increasingly central to the way in which the international community thinks about and responds to the problem of genocide and mass atrocities. The short history of R2P shows this progress only t...

Libya and the Responsibility to Protect Between Opportunistic Humanitarianism and Value-Free Pragmatism

"In both Libya and Côte d’Ivoire, regimes that had lost domestic and international legitimacy declared war on their own people. In both, global political responses were shaped by universal values as well as strategic interests. Because the UN is ...

The African Union Peace and Security Council A five-year appraisal

"The African Union(AU) Peace and Security Council (PSC) was operationalised in March 2004 and celebrated its fifth anniversary in 2009. The Protocol Relating to the Establishment of the Peace and Security Council of the African Union (PSC Protocol...

Delivering on the Responsibility to Protect Reforming the Security Sector to Protect the Most Vulnerable in Burundi

"The purpose of this paper is to provide initial insight into how the responsibility to protect is being devolved to national authorities in a specific context. Specifically, the paper considers the extent to which recent reforms to the securit...

The Responsibility to Protect: The Time to Act is Now

"This policy brief argues that the Responsibility to Protect (R2P) presents opportunities for burden‐sharing between states and the international community in the protection of the world’s population from mass killings. This opportunity, the brief...

Towards Attaining Peace in Darfur: Challenges to a Successful AU/UN Hybrid Mission in Darfur

"The paper begins with a discussion of the specific peculiarities of the conflicts in Sudan (North- South conflict and the Darfur conflict) which will enable us to understand the type of intervention chosen by both the AU and the UN and its approp...

To Protect or to Intervene? Contesting R2P as a Norm in South Africa's Foreign Policy

"This policy insights paper contends that the ‘reaction pillar’ of the responsibility to protect (R2P) makes a specific statement about the residual responsibility of the international community to intervene when states are unable or unwilling to...

R2P @10: What Lessons for South Africa and Africa?

150 World states endorsed the principle of the Responsibility to Protect (R2P) at the 2005 World Summit. 2015 marks ten years since this occasion. Paragraphs 138 and 139 of the 2005 World Summit Outcome Document noted that ‘each individual State...

R2P and the Protection of Civilians: South Africa's Perspective on Conflict Resolution

"This briefing provides an overview of the South African government’s position on the protection of civilians within the context of the ‘responsibility to protect’ (R2P) framework. As South Africa lacks a clearly articulated policy on R2P, any dis...

R2P International Criminal Court and the Prevention of Mass Atrocities in Africa

"Following the massacres in Yugoslavia and Rwanda the international community committed itself to preventing similar occurrences in the future. The developing doctrine of Responsibility to Protect (R2P) and the institution of the International Cri...

Africa and South Africa on the Right to Protection, the ICC and UNSC Resolution 1325

Generally, South Africa has sought to promote multilateralism in the international system as the best means of maintaining global order, addressing global problems, mitigating the domination and unilateralism of powerful states, and empowering wea...

South Africa and the BRICS: Progress, Problems and Prospects

In August 2014, the Centre for Conflict Resolution (CCR), Cape Town, South Africa, brought together about 30 key policymakers, academics, and civil society actors from Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa (BRICS) to reflect critically on...

Africa's Responsibility to Protect

This meeting was the fifth in a series of seminars organised to focus on aspects of the United Nations’ (UN) role in Africa and the recent UN reform process. The aim of the policy seminar was to interrogate issues around humanitarian intervention ...

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