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Zaire: the Continuing Anarchy

This paper discusses the effects of post colonialism in Zaire and the tyrannic rule of President Mobutu.President Mobutu easily outclasses the most grasping of his counterparts. He rules over a state that has all but vanished while amassing a pers...

Trouble in Eastern DRC: The Nkunda Factor

"The situation in the eastern DRC needs to be addressed as a matter of urgency. The Congolese government should prioritise a political solution to the impasse rather than pursuing a military option, which can lead only to further suffering among t...

Sudan: Eighteen Months After the CPA

"This report will attempt to provide a brief overview of the current dynamics unfolding in the Sudan. It focuses on the implementation of the CPA, though, as a consequence of the rapidly changing environment, the report gives attention only to tho...

Migrant labour, brain drain and brain gain in SA

"Alarmist reactions which approach xenophobia do little to solve South Africa's immigration problem, or to flesh out the differences between legal and illegal immigration. Indeed, South Africa's commitment to the liberalisation of capital, trade...

The Chinese Stance on the Darfur Conflict

China’s role in Sudan is one of the most closely watched and, in many circles, controversial relationships on the continent. This paper provides a Sudanese perspective and argues that, far from profiting from its close ties with Khartoum, the Chin...

The horn of Africa - old problems and new opportunities

"This Paper attempts to explain the historical, political and economic framework within which the states operate in the Horn of Africa, to identify Superpower involvement there and to shed some light on the region's refugee and other problems. It...

SAIIA Southern Africa Record no 10

This Southern Africa record contains the following texts: Speech on Angola by K.D. Kaunda, President of Zambia; South Africa and Angola: Statement in Parliament on 25 March 1976 by the South African Minister of Defence, P.W. Botha, concerning refu...

Zimbabwe: The internal security dimension and Harare-Gaborone relations

"A number of recent developments have highlighted the difficulties of early Zimbabwean post-independence, concomitantly revealing a fracture in the seemingly cordial relations between Botswana and Zimbabwe.This paper discusses the relationship be...

It’s not just Xenophobia: Factors that lead to violent attacks on foreigners in South Africa and the role of the government

This Policy and Practice Brief examines the trend of burgeoning xenophobia in South Africa and suggests what could be done to contribute to its eradication. These recommendations are not exhaustive but are initial steps through which the nation ca...

African Centred Solutions: Building Peace and Security in Africa

This book comprises nine chapters focusing on the theoretical foundation for exploring and investigating the AfSol concept, offering examples and applications of AfSol practices aimed at addressing peace and security challenges. Chapter two - Inte...

Regionalizing Xenophobia? Citizen Attitudes to Immigration and Refugee Policy in Southern Africa

The negative attitudes of South Africans towards non-citizens, migrants and refugees have been documented in several recent studies. Xenophobia has been officially recognized as a major problem by the state and steps have been taken by government ...

Fleeing Terror, Fighting Terror: The Truth about Refugees and Violent Extremism

Refugees are increasingly subjected to harsh policies that violate the spirit of refugee laws, and that are often justified by claiming the refugees pose security risks. This study examines the effects of violent extremism among South Sudanese and...

Making States Accountable for Deliberate Forced Displacement

How should we respond to states that deliberately displace their own populations? While the international refugee regime is anchored in the 1951 Refugee Convention and the work of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), the Co...

African Journal on Conflict Resolution vol. 12, no. 3, 2012

This journal covers several topics in 6 articles. ‘Structural violence and the struggle for state power in Rwanda: What Arusha got wrong’ addresses the failings of the Arusha peace and power sharing process and makes three core arguments. ‘Buildin...

Horn of Africa Bulletin Vol 25 No.4 July-August 2013

In ‘Somali refugees in state of limbo’ regional peace and security continues to be a challenge in the Horn of Africa as a result of conflicts in Somalia, Sudan and parts of Northern Uganda. The current and past civil wars in the region have had an...

Humanitarian Assistance and the Politics of Self-Reliance Uganda's Nakivale Refugee Settlement

"Increasingly, refugees residing in refugee camps are living in protracted situations for which there are no quick remedies. Existing attempts to address protracted situations for refugees engage with the concept and practices of the Self-relian...

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