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Tax and the Governance Dividend

Generally it is now an accepted belief that taxation contributes to the quality of governance. There are a number of variants of the broad argument. The most general proposition is that, if governments are dependent on broad general taxation for the…

Mkukuta Cluster I: Growth and Reduction of Income Poverty

"The broad outcome for MKUKUTA’s first cluster is broad-based and equitable growth that is achieved and sustained. The overall assessment for this cluster indicates progress, but the rate of growth needs to be accelerated, with particular attention …

Budget and Public Expenditure across Nigerian States

"This paper examines budget and public expenditure across Nigerian states, from 2001-2005. It is divided into six sections. Section One discusses the conceptual definitions and theoretical arguments. It contains two sub-sections. The first sub-secti…

Distribution Impact of Public Spending in Cameroon: The Case of Health Care

"The study assessed Cameroonians’ participation in public health care services in order to grasp the distributional effects of those services. Three specific objectives are specified: determine the extent to which public spending on health care may …

Public Spending, Taxation and Deficits

"The purpose of this study was twofold. First, it tested the causality between public spending and public revenue. Second, it tested the hypothesis that high deficits lead to increased spending. The following conclusions may be drawn from the findin…

Public Spending Effectiveness and Distribution of Education and Health Services Benefits in Nigeria

A direct relationship should exists between consistency and compliance of Government Agencies with the development agenda a nation adopts, and the level of socio-economic development it attains for public spending to be effective. The level of socio…

Building the SDG Economy: Needs, Spending, and Financing for Universal Achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals

In this paper, we argue that a new framing is required to build SDG-consistent economies. This entails ensuring universal access to basic services, building inclusive cities and industries that succeed on environmental terms, and retrofitting adva…

Heterogeneity of Inter-regional efficiency of Education Public Spending in Fragile State: Evidence from Chad

This study analyses the inter-regional efficiency of education public spending in Chad, which is characterized by a long history of armed conflict. Specifically, we investigate the institutional, political, and security dimensions of fragility influ…

Effects of Public Expenditure on Economic Growth in the CEMAC Subregion: A Comparative Analysis between the Fragile and Non-Fragile States

Chad, Central African Republic, and Congo have been identified by the African Development Bank as fragile states. Despite their socio-political stability, the other countries of the subregion, which are Cameroon, Gabon, and Equatorial Guinea, are ex…

Investigating the Economic and Social Impact of the Nigerian Rural Electrification Fund (REF-1) Program through a Gender Computable General Equilibrium Model

Increasing rural electrification is critical to development and gender empowerment in rural communities. Electrification enhances agricultural, industrial, commercial, and other economic and social activities in rural areas. Moreover, it promotes th…

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