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Reforming for Peace : State of Peace and Security in Africa 2018

This State of Peace and Security in Africa (SPSA) Report is a background paper for the 2018 Tana Forum on the theme: Ownership of Africa’s Peace and Security Provision: Financing and Reforming the African Union. As in previous years, this report p…

Violence in Africa: Trends, Drivers and Prospects to 2023

This report analyses prospects for violence in Africa to 2023. It first presents recent conflict trends including slowly declining fatality rates in several countries, noting Africa’s large burden of non-state conflict and the increase in riots and…

Urban Land and the Genesis of Violence

The question of land has been a burning issue in the history of South Africa. Under colonialism and apartheid, various laws and policies were used to dispossess and force black people from their ancestral land. Since the democratic transition in 19…

Revolt and Repression in Zimbabwe

On 12 January, in response to persistent fuel shortages compounded by manipulation and mismanagement of a currency crisis, President Emmerson Mnangagwa announced a fuel price hike of over 200 per cent to $3.31 per litre – making the country’s petrol…

Economics, Governance and Instability in South Africa

This paper analyzes the economic and social underpinnings of rising political instability in South Africa such as poverty, unemployment and inequality. The analysis in this document indicates that the types of violence most feared by people, such as…

Mediating Mass Movements

People power is a defining feature of our time. In 2019, movements in Sudan and Algeria forced entrenched military dictators from power. In Hong Kong, millions of citizens have taken to the streets to demand democratic self-rule. Chile, Colombia, Le…

Disaster Appropriate Policing in South Africa: Protests and State Violence in the COVID-19 Era

This policy brief examines South African Police Services (SAPS) responses to public protests since the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic in South Africa. It highlights an increased use of state violence and excessive force in response to such protests.…

Dangerous Elites: Protest, Conflict and the Future of South Africa

The African National Congress’ failure to manage elite contestation within its ranks since 2007 has seen tensions spilling out, often as ‘service delivery’ protests. Former president Jacob Zuma tried to bring this under control, largely through patr…

Protest Matters: The Effects of Protests on Economic Redistribution

Can citizen-led protests lead to meaningful economic redistribution and nudge governments to increase redistributive efforts of fiscal resources? We study the effects of protests on fiscal redistribution using evidence from Nigeria. We digitized twe…

Conflict Dynamics in Ethiopia: 2019-2020

Ethiopia’s 2018 political reforms were widely hailed for liberalising the country’s restricted political landscape. However, it did not take long for the transition to become mired in inter-ethnic and communal clashes. This report examines the drive…

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