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Economic Transformation in Tanzania: Vicious or Virtuous Circle?

This paper evaluates the concept of economic transformation and further investigates its relevance in the present day policy debates in Tanzania. The paper starts by taking a critical look at a homemade definition of economic transformation. A brie…

Does Rapid Agricultural Growth Require a System of Innovation? Evidence from Ghana and Burkina Faso

The hypothesis of the ‘systems of innovation’ is being tested in this paper for a selection of crops in Ghana and Burkina Faso that have shown significant growth in production over an approximately 20-year period. The question is whether such growth…

Farmers’ Health Status, Agricultural Efficiency, and Poverty in Rural Ethiopia: A Stochastic Production Frontier Approach

"The stochastic frontier production function is used to estimate agricultural efficiency index. Then, controlling for household characteristics and other exogenous variables, the efficiency index is regressed on the probability of being sick. Estim…

Financial Sector Liberalization and Productivity Change in Uganda's Commercial Banking Sector

"The study employed quarterly data over a 13-year period from 1993 to 2005 to study the evolution of Total Factor Productivity (TFP) and its determinants among 11 banks in Uganda. Productivity was measured using the Malmquist index while the determi…

Is Poverty a Binding Constraint on Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa?

"Is poverty a binding constraint on economic growth in Sub-Saharan Africa? The purpose of this paper is to look at the other direction of the nexus: the links from poverty to growth. The central argument is that the most promising directions for cou…

Policy Seminar on Competition, Productivity and Privatisation: Summary Report

"This report is a summary of proceedings and presentations during a policy seminar on "Competition, Productivity and Privatisation" organised by Botswana Institute for Development Policy Analysis (BIDPA) and Botswana National Productivity Centre (BN…

"To Privatise" What is & How ?

"This paper draws on lessons of experience and existing knowledge on privatisation. Briefly addressing the main issues and describing how the privatisation process can be planned and implemented successfully. Privatisation is first defined, leading …

Competition, Productivity and Privatisation

"This report is a summary of proceedings and presentations during a policy seminar on "Competition, Productivity and Privatisation" organized by BIDPA and BNPC. The seminar provided a unique opportunity for Botswana public policy-makers and private …

BIDPA Annual Report 2000/2001

"The period 2000-2001 was characterised by several events that reshaped the BIDPA's mandate and programmes in a profound way. First was the end of the African Capacity Building Phase I funding for BIDPA, which necessitated the Institute's inevitable…

Regulation, Privatisation and Commitment in Botswana

"This paper briefly highlights the challenges facing Botswana today giving particular attention to the changing role of the state and the need to improve the regulatory environment in order to promote competition among all economic agents and increa…

The Tanzanian Energy Sector: The Potential for Job Creation and Productivity Gains Through Expanded Electrification

"The main objective of this study is to provide insights into the dynamic linkages between expansion of the national electricity grid and off-grid alternative/renewable sources of electricity and job growth and productivity. The study also seeks to …

Factors Affecting Botswana's Competitiveness

"This brief note examines Botswana’s competitive position and implications in light of the rankings Botswana attained from the 2011/12 GCR and earlier years. The analysis provides a comparison of Botswana’s performance and those of other countries o…

Improved Performance of Agriculture in Africa South of the Sahara: Taking off or Bouncing Back

"The improved performance of the agricultural sector in Africa south of the Sahara during the most recent decade (2000–2010) has raised questions about the drivers behind the growth. Skeptics argue that rising commodity prices, as world markets expe…

Impact of Cellular Phones on Technical and Allocative Efficiencies of Commercial Taxi and Fishing Boat Firms in Ghana

"It is important for the policy makers to know the productivity of a factor of production, know the levels of technical and allocative efficiencies, and their significant determinants so that the policy makers can know on which factor or determinant…

Impact of ICT Investment, Ownership and Use in the Cassava Value Chain in South Western Nigeria

"Most of Africa’s peoples live in rural areas where agriculture is the main economic activity. In Nigeria, for instance, agriculture is the occupation of more than 60 per cent of the total work force, providing both formal and informal employment fo…

Public Service Performance: Towards a better life for all

"This paper examines the extent to which this ‘better life for all’ – in the context of the performance of the Public Service - has become a reality in the period since the 1994 elections. It further examines the context in which performance enhance…

Finance and Firm Productivity in Africa: Background Study from World Bank Enterprise Survey Data

Access to finance has been considered to be one of the important factors in influencing firms‘ real activities and in promoting aggregates. However, literature on the relationship between finance and firm-level productivity is almost non-existent fo…

It’s Evolution, Baby – How Institutions can Improve without Critical Junctures

Daron Acemoglu and James Robinson caught policymaker’s attention to the critical role of institutions for development. Their work gives too much emphasis to the prospects of revolution, however. A reading of the World Bank’s World Development Report…

The Productivity Cost of Power Outages for Manufacturing Small and Medium Enterprises in Senegal

This paper investigates the productivity effects of power outages on manufacturing Small Scale Enterprises (SMEs) in Senegal, using a panel data on manufacturing firms. Productivity is estimated using stochastic frontier models, and power outages me…

Incentives and Firms’ Productivity: Exploring Multidimensional Fiscal Incentives in a Developing Country

This paper investigates the impact of fiscal incentives on firms’ productivity using Cameroonian firms as a case. Data is used from the World Bank Enterprise Survey for over 300 firms to calculate the productivity of firms. The Enterprise Survey als…

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