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Agriculture as an Engine of Growth and Poverty Reduction: What We Know and What We Need to Know

"One view, is that the agricultural sector is simply a reservoir of unemployed or underemployed labor, with low incomes and living standards, from which people must eventually be moved by economic growth in the non-agricultural economy. The alt...

Climate Change and Economic Development in Sub-Saharan Africa AERC Senior Policy Seminar X

"Climate change was chosen as the topic for the tenth Senior Policy Seminar to be convened by the African Economic Research Consortium (AERC). The theme is a major departure for the Consortium, but the policy connection compels AERC’s involvement...

Global Economic and Financial Crisis and Trade: Kenya’s Experience

"This paper investigates the effects of the global economic and financial crisis in Africa and whether or not Kenya’s trade sector has been a channel for transmitting the crisis in the country. The analysis of the effects of the crisis in Sub-Saha...

Growth, Employment Creation and Poverty Reduction: An Overview Evidence and Possible Applications to Africa

"This paper attempts to provide an overview of current and ongoing research which does attempt to understand labour market linkages not only within the economic growth-poverty nexus, but also the centrality of inequality in our broader appreciat...

Health Inequality across Populations of Individuals

"The focus of this paper is inequality, a broad concept that examines the dispersion of the distribution of health. The measurement of inequality is independent of the mean, and it is thus a relative concept. This, of course, distinguishes the con...

Impact of Asian Drivers on SSA Agriculture and Food Security: Issues and Challenges

"An important sector in Africa that could be affected by the growth of Asia Drivers is the agriculture sector. This paper, provides the framework for assessing the impact of the Asian Drivers on Sub-Saharan Africa agriculture. The performance is ...

Macroeconomic Approaches to Identifying the Effects of Health on Output, Growth and Poverty

"The research project as a whole is focused on causal relationships running from health to productivity and poverty reduction with the aim of informing health policy. This framework paper deals with research possibilities in the field of macroecon...

Linking Economic Growth to Poverty Reduction under Globalisation: A Case for Harnessing Globalisation for the Poor in Sub-Saharan Africa

"As the process of global economic integration has intensified since the early 1990s, the question of how globalization affects the world’s poor has become one of the central issues in international political economy and international relations. T...

Poverty Reduction in Africa: Challenges and Policy Options

"The aim of this paper is to summarize the poverty situation in Africa as a continent, and to suggest practical measures for dealing with this debilitating and embarrassing condition. The money metric approach to poverty measurement underlies muc...

The Determinants of School Attendance and Attainment in Ghana: A Gender Perspective

"This study examines the determinants of school attendance and attainment in Ghana with a view to deriving implications for policy direction. The effect of household resources on current school attendance is higher for daughters than it is for so...

Analysis of Health Care Utilization in Côte d'Ivoire

"Health constitutes a sufficiently solid entrance to reduce poverty and promote economic growth. Yet, in most African countries and particularly in Côte d’Ivoire, the populations’ state of health has seen a real deterioration over the last decade....

Impact of China-Africa Aid Relations: A Case Study of Uganda

"Since the 1990’s, China has substantially increased its aid to Uganda. However, the aid policies and aid distribution channels through which China provides its aid are not well known. Using available aid data from the various recipients and info...

Efficiency Wage, Rent-Sharing Theories and Wage Determination in the Manufacturing Sector in Nigeria

"The Nigerian labour market, like other sectors of the economy, witnessed dramatic changes following the introduction of the structural adjustment programmes (SAPs) in mid 1986. The labour market has a central role to play in the attainment of SAP...

Environmental, Social and Economic Development Issues in Zambia's Third Republic

"This report comprises 9 papers. The first paper by Dr Laurence Mukuka, argues that poverty analysis and reduction in Zambia is generally misconceived because of lack of adequate understanding of its real causes and vision. In the second paper Dr ...

From Aid Effectiveness to Poverty Reduction Is Foreign Donor Support to SADC Improving?

"Five challenges are singled out as being particularly important in making the Windhoek Declaration an effective instrument in regional cooperation. Firstly one need to ensure that the SADC has ownership of donor funded initiatives. Secondly, the ...

Botswana's Position Paper on Strategies for Poverty Alleviation Bringing the Regional Dimension of Economic Integration as a Strategy for Poverty Alleviation

"Poverty Reduction has been one of the strategies for Botswana's development since the country became independent in 1966. This paper reviews the empirical evidence on nature, extent and causes of poverty and its dynamics over time. It reviews and...

The Growth of Micro and Small, Cluster Based Furniture Manufacturing Firms and their Implications for Poverty Reduction in Tanzania

"The overall objective of this study is to explore the growth of micro and small furniture-manufacturing firms in the industrial clusters and to analyse the implications that this growth has for poverty reduction among firm owners and workers. Th...

TASAF A Support or an Obstacle to Local Government Reform?

"There are indications that TASAF might promote political favouritism at the local level - i.e that it may be used as a resource for re-election by local politicians, that it may favour certain villages against other, and may introduce non-inclusi...

Strategies and Priorities for African Agriculture Economywide Perspectives from Country Studies

"This book examines the potential of agriculture to contribute to national growth and poverty reduction. It also evaluates the financial costs of accelerating agricultural growth. The analysis is based on ten country case studies that apply sim...

The Growing Opportunities for African Agricultural Development

"This paper examines how Africa can harness the enormous potential of its “Sleeping Agricultural Giant,” and how possible adverse social and environmental impacts and obstacles can be mitigated. An approach built on smallholder agriculture, with s...

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