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Access to Land and Other Natural Resources for Local Communities in Mozambique: Current Examples from Manica Province

"A series of measures are being promoted - mostly by civil society - to secure local rights under the Land Law, and to allow local people to participate fully in the new development process. This paper examines some of these measures as they ar...

A Social Coastal Fisheries Policy for South Africa? Subsistence Fisheries Co-management for Sustainable Livelihoods and Poverty Alleviation

"The Marine and Coastal Management (MCM) branch of the Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism (DEAT) is the custodian of South Africa’s natural marine resources. Management and allocation of this resource had always had a strong scienti...

Civil Society and Social Movements: Advocacy for Land and Resource Rights in Africa

"Civil society formations in Africa have historically played an important part in the establishment of organising people in the pursuit of common goals. The majority of Africa’s people reside in rural areas where they derive their livelihoods from...

Land Reform in Namaqualand: Poverty Alleviation,Stepping Stones and 'Economic Units'

"This paper examines the consequences of land reform for communal livestock farmers in Namaqualand. It investigates the likely outcomes of recent commonage acquisitions and tenure reform in the former 'Coloured Reserves' using case study material...

Examining the Nexus Between Nature, Wealth and Power in the Lake George Fishery: The Case of Mayor Actors in the Fish Product Chain

"In this briefing paper, we present preliminary observations on the extent of degradation of fishery resources on Lake George, the structure of actors engaged in exploitation of the fisheries as well as key factors determining winners and losers i...

Biofuel Investment in Tanzania: Awareness and Participation of the Local Communities

"Biofuel investment in Tanzania has been welcomed on the grounds of its expected ability to reduce energy costs, increase national income, and help in transport and agriculture sectors by providing income and rural energy, thereby alleviating pove...

Leveraging Carbon Revenue for Poverty Alleviation

"This paper will describe the process of how a poor community in Umdoni, Kwazulu Natal (KZN) South Africa achieved GHG reductions and converted these into carbon revenues and then recycled the bulk of the revenue back into their community. A vol...

Renewable Energy Technologies for Poverty Alleviation South Africa: Biodiesel and Solar Water Heaters

"In this report, two RE technologies – solar water heaters (SWHs) and biodiesel – have been identified where renewable energy could make a significant contribution towards poverty alleviation in terms of improving the general welfare of households...

CBNRM, Poverty Reduction and Sustainable Livelihoods: Developing Criteria for Evaluating the Contribution of CBNRM to Poverty Reduction and Alleviation in Southern Africa

"This research paper explores the relationships between community-based natural resource management (CBNRM), poverty reduction/alleviation and rural livelihoods. The objectives of this paper are as follows: • to explore the current understanding...

Issues of Increasing Levels of Poverty and Hunger in Africa, with Specific Reference to South Africa

"The majority of people in African countries, especially in South Africa, live subsistence livelihoods below the poverty line. Poverty is a condition characterised by a lack of basic needs such as water, health care, foods, sufficient access to so...

Business Models in Land Reform

"This paper reviews the types of business models, or landuse models, being implemented in land reform projects involving the transfer of rural land to communities and other groups in South Africa, under both the restitution and redistribution pro...

Poverty and Climate Change Mitigation A Brief Inspiration

"This brief presents the concept of poverty alleviating mitigation actions as a framework to rethink the way programs and policies for reducing emissions are structured in order to reduce both poverty and emissions. To effectively achieve bot...

Low Carbon Development & Poverty: Exploring Poverty Alleviating and Mitigation Action in Developing Countries

"Climate change and poverty generally fall into the adaptation category in current research literature and policymaking. If we acknowledge current findings of poverty research, we find that this separation between mitigation and adaptation does...

After the Exodus: The Challenges of Return Migration in Zimbabwe

"Since the early 1990s, political and economic unrest in Zimbabwe have caused large numbers of Zimbabweans to emigrate in search of foreign employment. Zimbabweans living abroad remain reliable remitters of both money and goods during their home n...

Poverty Alleviation in Tanzania. Report of Tanzania National Workshop

"The purpose of the paper is to assess the relevance and limitation of economic measures and indicators in gauging poverty alleviation. Regarding CPIs, which make use of prices and quantities of selected commodities, the paper stresses that their ...

Determinants of Regional Poverty in Uganda

"The study sought in-depth knowledge of the key factors that account for regional poverty differentials in Uganda so as to contribute to more focused targeting of programmes for the poor. The research objectives were: to estimate the national an...

Labour Markets in Sub-Saharan Africa to be included in Poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa

"In this survey the operation of both formal and informal labour markets in Africa are analyzed, as well as their impact on employment, wages, poverty and income distribution. Links will be established between the labour markets, the pattern of em...

Contingent Valuation in Community-Based Project Planning: The Case of Lake Bamendjim Fishery Restocking in Cameroon

"Management of Lake Bamendjim fishery stock for the future is vital and deserves consideration. This is necessary in order to minimize the incidence of intercommunal disputes over fishing sites among the 15 sub-autonomous communities in the regi...

The Role of Government and Public Policy in Poverty Alleviation in Sub-Saharan Africa

"This paper reviews recent literature on poverty alleviation in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), focusing on the role of government and public policy. It is prepared as part of the AERC research programme on Poverty, Income Distribution and Labour Market...

Botswana's Position Paper on Strategies for Poverty Alleviation Bringing the Regional Dimension of Economic Integration as a Strategy for Poverty Alleviation

"Poverty Reduction has been one of the strategies for Botswana's development since the country became independent in 1966. This paper reviews the empirical evidence on nature, extent and causes of poverty and its dynamics over time. It reviews and...

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