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Examining Evidence of Feminization of Poverty in Botswana

"Poverty in Botswana is more pronounced in female-headed households (FHHs) especially those residing in rural areas where employment opportunities are limited. Similarly, the proportion of the FHHs to the total poor increased between 2002/03 and 20…

Is Migration the Solution to Poverty Alleviation in Kenya? Rural-Urban Migration Experiences of Migrants from Western Kenya to Kisumu and Nairobi

The push and pull factors of migration from rural western Kenya to two urban destinations is investigated in this research. The focus is on linking migration to poverty at the origin and whether the migration process reduces or increases poverty at…

Rainbow at Risk Improving South Africa's Prospects

Over many generations, South Africa has proved its resilience and the country should bar unforeseen events, also weather the turbulent years ahead. Its long-term growth prospects remain positive and, with the right confluence of leadership and a fac…

Indigenous Rain Water Harvesting Practices for Climate Adaptation in Food Security in Dry Areas: The Case of Bahi District

This study documents techniques used by communities to improve indigenous rain water harvesting in the villages of Mpalanga and Chipanga A. Through questionnaires, focus group discussions and interviews, data on community’s willingness to accept and…

Energy and Water Supply in the Development of the Niger Delta Region : Policy Issues

Energy programmes and poverty alleviation is less well articulated in the development literature, while the link between power supply and economic development remains indisputable. This has led to the apparent neglect of the needs of the poor in mo…

The Role of Small Businesses in Poverty Alleviation : The Case of Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania

"The role of small businesses in poverty alleviation, economic growth and job creation has emerged as an important topic not only for policy makers but also for academic research. The importance of small businesses arises in view of the dismal perfo…

Changes in the Upland Irrigation System and Implications for Rural Poverty Alleviation A Case of the Ndiwa Irrigation System, West Usambara Mountains, Tanzania

"Rural poverty is a major problem in Tanzania that has become the focus of different development strategies. Poverty alleviation is a priority objective in the national development strategies. Inadequate and unreliable rainfall has restricted the po…

The Role of Traditional Irrigation Systems in Poverty Alleviation in Semi Arid Areas : The Case of Chamazi in Lushoto District, Tanzania

"This study investigates the role of the Chamazi farming system in alleviating poverty in the semi-arid low lands of Lushoto district. It was conducted in seven villages between 6th March and 29th March 2002. The villages, which administratively are…

Assessing the Relative Poverty of Clients and Non-Clients of Non-Bank Micro-finance Institutions in Tanzania: The Case of the Dar es Salaam and Coast Regions

"The overall objective of this study was to critically assess the relative poverty level of clients and non-clients of non-bank MFIs in Tanzania by using CGAP’s Poverty Assessment tool. The end results of this study wish to answer the question as to…

The Use of Sustainable Irrigation for Poverty Alleviation in Tanzania:The Case of Smallholder Irrigation Schemes in Igurusi, Mbarali District

"Irrigation has been found to be a central key part in curbing food scarcity not only in Tanzania but also in many other developing countries. The continued dependence on rainfall in agriculture has proved incapable of sustaining the population inc…

Shortcomings of Linkages between Environmental Conservation Initiatives and Poverty Alleviation in Tanzania

"This study has established many potential links between environmental conservation, economic activities and poverty alleviation. The economic activities can be both at a commercial scale and at a subsistence level. We have established that agricult…

The Role of Tourism in Poverty Alleviation in Tanzania

"The main objective of this study was to analyse the direct and indirect livelihood impacts from tourism and their implications for poverty alleviation. The sector being the fastest growing sector in Tanzania, the study intended to investigate the …

The Role of Traditional Irrigation Systems (Vinyungu) in Alleviating Poverty in Iringa Rural District, Tanzania

"This study was conducted to assess the role of the vinyungu irrigation system in alleviating poverty in Iringa rural district in the southern highlands of Tanzania and covered five villages, Wasa, Uhominyi, Kihanga, Kising'a, and Lulanzi, represent…

Foreign Aid Grassroots Participation and Poverty Alleviation in Tanzania: The HESAWA Fiasco

"The study set to examine foreign aid effectiveness in the poverty alleviation in rural Tanzania. More specifically, it sought to investigate the impact of the Health through Sanitation and Water (HESAWA)program among the rural population of Mwanza …

The Use of Labour Intensive Irrigation Technologies in Alleviating Poverty in Majengo, Mbeya Rural District

"This study investigates the role of small scale labour intensive irrigation technologies on poverty alleviation among small scale farmers in Majengo area in Mbeya rural district. The assumption behind the study is that unreliability and inadequacy …

Access to Land and Other Natural Resources for Local Communities in Mozambique: Current Examples from Manica Province

"A series of measures are being promoted - mostly by civil society - to secure local rights under the Land Law, and to allow local people to participate fully in the new development process. This paper examines some of these measures as they are …

A Social Coastal Fisheries Policy for South Africa? Subsistence Fisheries Co-management for Sustainable Livelihoods and Poverty Alleviation

"The Marine and Coastal Management (MCM) branch of the Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism (DEAT) is the custodian of South Africa’s natural marine resources. Management and allocation of this resource had always had a strong scientifi…

Civil Society and Social Movements: Advocacy for Land and Resource Rights in Africa

"Civil society formations in Africa have historically played an important part in the establishment of organising people in the pursuit of common goals. The majority of Africa’s people reside in rural areas where they derive their livelihoods from l…

Land Reform in Namaqualand: Poverty Alleviation,Stepping Stones and 'Economic Units'

"This paper examines the consequences of land reform for communal livestock farmers in Namaqualand. It investigates the likely outcomes of recent commonage acquisitions and tenure reform in the former 'Coloured Reserves' using case study material d…

Examining the Nexus Between Nature, Wealth and Power in the Lake George Fishery: The Case of Mayor Actors in the Fish Product Chain

"In this briefing paper, we present preliminary observations on the extent of degradation of fishery resources on Lake George, the structure of actors engaged in exploitation of the fisheries as well as key factors determining winners and losers in …

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