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Housing policy in Ghana: Providing Incentives to Investors and Consumers

"A discussion of the housing market problems in Ghana must recognize the pervasive role of Government. Not only does Government exert an indirect influence generally on housing markets through tax policies, but it also exerts, in particular, a direc…

The Role of Micro and Small Scale Enterprises in the Ethiopian Economy, Government Intervention and Alternative Strategies: A CGE Analysis

Given the fact that Micro and Small scale enterprises (MSEs) are high on the Ethiopian government’s agenda for mid-term growth and transformation plan (GTP), this study aims to investigate the major contributions and the potential of this sector t…

Spillovers from Off-farm Self-employment Opportunities in Rural Niger

The agricultural sector is the main economic activity in peri-urban and rural Niger. Yet, farm households still face constraints related to climate change and agricultural factors that may hinder agricultural production and threaten food security. …

Bordering on a Water Crisis: The Need for Integrated Resource Management in the Mara River Basin

One of the major constraints on sustainable development in the semi-arid areas of Africa is the supply and access to a range of natural resources underpinned by water. Water is needed to support domestic use, agriculture and the preservation of wild…

La Structure de l’activité Économique du Sénégal: Un Obstacle pour un Confinement Total Face au COVID-19 / The Structure of the Senegalese Economic Activities: A Constraint for Total Containment of COVID-19

Many jobs are threatened and people without a source of income are increasingly vulnerable to the coronavirus pandemic. The implemented measures of social distancing in many countries have weakened or even wiped out small businesses as well as other…

How a Production Subsidy can Boost Nigeria's Renewable Energy Sector, Growth and Employment

Despite Nigeria’s status as a major global energy producer, access to electricity is severely limited and much of the country’s population is energy poor. A lack of reliable electricity forces homes and businesses to rely on non-ecofriendly privat…

Agricultural and Rural Transformation in Ethiopia: Obstacles, Triggers and Reform Considerations

This discussion paper assesses the state of agricultural and rural conditions of Ethiopia; describes the extent, speed and depth of agricultural and rural transformation; and provides policy options for the relevant parties. It is premised on the pr…

Successful Agricultural Transformation: Selected Challenges in the Emerging Global Environment

Low-productivity, subsistence-smallholder agriculture everywhere faces tremendous new challenges, in addition to decades-old constraints. Smallholders are threatened by being bypassed by the rise and dominance of domestic and global value chains (DV…

South Africans Support Social Grants, but say Work at any Wage beats Unemployment

In South Africa, “social grants” providing income support to poor households have a long history. More than 17 million citizens, almost one-third of the population, receive a cash transfer from the state each month. The largest social grant programs…

Basotho's Difficulties Accessing Household Services from the Government

The result of this survey indicates that the provision of household services in Lesotho is a country-wide problem. However rural areas experience more problems in accessing services like piped water, electricity and telephone services. Household ser…

Energy and Adaptation: Exploring how Energy Access can Enable Climate Change Adaptation

It is widely recognized that it is the poorest people who will be hit first and hardest by the impacts of climate change. Climate variability and change, as well as an increasing frequency and intensity of extreme events, will have substantial impac…

Population, Climate Change, and Sustainable Development in Kenya

"Like many other African countries, Kenya is faced with a rapidly growing population and low resilience to climate change. Its current population of about 41 million people is projected to grow to 97 million by 2050, and reach 160 million by 2100. A…

Finance in Social Protection

"Most of the money for delivering social protection services to poor and vulnerable people comes from the poor themselves. The overwhelming majority have no access to nor benefit from State or donor services or funding, nor any form of commercia…

Agricultural Innovations for Climate Change Adaptation and Food Security in Nigeria, Sierra Leone and Liberia: Empirical Evidence

In many African countries, food security at both the national and household level is a dismal. Africa has the highest prevalence of under nourishment. In West African sub-region, Liberia and Sierra Leone are among those with the highest rate of und…

Community Conservancies in Namibia: An Effective Institutional Model for Commons Management?

"Common property resources (CPRs) remain of great significance for livelihoods among rural and poor communities of the world. CPRs are particularly important because in many contexts they remain resources of last resort since they provide grazing, …

The Context of Land and Resource Rights Struggles in Africa

"Africa’s poor are heavily dependent on land and natural resources for livelihood, but some governments continue to resist transferring full resource management rights to them. This risks the loss or degradation of these resources, or their transfe…

Malaria No More : Expectations for Eradication

"This policy brief explores the possible impact should Africa eliminate malarial infection by 2025. Between 2015 and 2050, when comparing the International Futures Base Case with a Malaria Eradication scenario (explained below), the continent could …

Mainstreaming of HIV and Aids into South African Fisheries Policy

"This study set out to investigate the impact of HIV/ Aids on selected fishing communities in South Africa. The goal of the research was to assist government with mainstreaming of HIV/Aids into fisheries policy through in-depth analysis of the impac…

Talking peace in Southern Africa: Deadlock in Mozambique; Breakthrough in Angola

"It is generally agreed that the process of building a prosperous future southern Africa will to a large extent be shaped by the demands for democratisation and political stability. This is true for all the countries of the region, but especially so…

Educational Background, Training and their Influence on Female Operated Informal Sector Enterprises

"Women form the majority of people who have non-formal or low-formal education and have limited access to formal sector employment. Sustaining informal sector enterprises often requires organisational skills in which women have little or no trainin…

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