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EISA Observer Mission Report D R Congo The 2005 Constitutional Referendum in the DRC 18-19 December 2005

"This report outlines the EISA Observer Mission's assessment, findings and analysis of the referendum process in all its phases, specifically the pre-polling, polling and counting phases, as well as the post-referendum phase that includes the anno...

Zimbabweans Want Open and Honest Elections, Fear Political Intimidation and Violence

Elections are a critical mechanism through which citizens choose their representatives and hold them to account. Since attaining independence in 1980, Zimbabwe has unfailingly conducted regular elections – a total of eight parliamentary and five p...

Malawians Increasingly Cautious about Exercising Right to 'Free' Political Speech

Under the one-party reign of President Hastings Kamuzu Banda, Malawi was described as a country “where silence rules” (Carver, 1990) because of the regime’s effective machinery for squashing dissent. This era ended with a 1993 referendum endorsi...

How Trustworthy and Professional is Togo's Military? Depends on whom you ask

In Togo, the military is a very influential political actor. In 1967, a military coup installed Eyadema Gnassingbé as president, and he held power until his death in 2005. Immediately after his death, Eyadema’s son, Faure Gnassingbé, was declared ...

MDC-T Defeat in Zimbabwe: Was it only due to Intimidation?

"In the relatively peaceful harmonized elections of July 2013, Zimbabwe’s President Robert Mugabe overwhelmingly defeated challenger Morgan Tsvangirai, 61% to 34%. Mugabe’s party, the Zimbabwe African National Union–Patriotic Front (ZANU-PF), also...

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