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Wading Through a Domestic Political Crisis in a Turbulent Region

"This paper highlights the structural causes of conflict in Chad, and argues that the success of any external intervention in the region will depend on the capacity of the international community to look beyond the narrow lens of the Darfur questi...

Democratisation at the Crossroads Challenges for the SADC Principles and Guidelines Governing Democratic Elections

"The likely impact of the election principles and guidelines adopted by the SADC Heads of State and Government at the 2004 Summit in Mauritius is open to question. Is democracy equal to, or synonymous with, elections per se? What exactly is the re...

AIDS, Orphans, Crime,and Instability Exploring the Linkages

"They paint alarming images of economically, politically, and socially disenfranchised hordes of youngsters wreaking havoc on the AIDS-ravaged communities of the future.Do children orphaned by AIDS represent a unique threat to security and stabili...

Continuing Instability in the Kivus: Testing the DRC Transition to the Limit

"This paper aims to take a close look at the political and military situation in the provinces of North and South Kivu following the unrest in Bukavu in late May and early June this year. In this context it will discuss the links between the milit...

Coup d’état in São Tomé e Príncipe Domestic Causes, the Role of Oil and Former ‘Buffalo’ Battalion Soldiers

"São Tomé e Príncipe (STP) has not yet extracted a single drop of oil and is not expected to do so until 2007. Even so, because of its potential oil wealth the recent military coup in the small island-republic has attracted a lot of international ...

Coup d’état in São Tomé e Príncipe: Domestic Causes, the Role of Oil and Former “Buffalo” Battalion Soldiers

"It is clear that the country’s future oil wealth cannot be considered the principal cause of the coup, although it probably influenced its timing. The rebels wanted to denounce the unequal distribution of the country’s resources before the oil re...

Conflict Prevention in Africa : Theoretical Construct or Plan of Action?

"The aim of this paper is to critically examine the concept of conflict prevention as a viable means for enhancing peace and security in Africa, in order to suggest meaningful points of engagement for concerned donors and partners. It does so agai...

An Analysis of the Implementation and Stability of Nigerian Agricultural Policies, 1970–1993

"The study has four primary objectives. The profile of agricultural policies over the 1970–1993 period is the first. The profile includes agricultural policies in the development plans and annual and ad hoc budgets; it also covers fiscal and monet...

The Political Outlook in Southern Africa: some current considerations

This paper looks at how the Portuguese collapse in April 1974 dramtically changed the situation and critically affected the outlook for Southern Africa in four major ways. It removed not only the physical, but also the psychological, barriers whic...

Has South Africa Managed to Coordinate SADC’s Response to Zimbabwe?

"The end of apartheid in 1994 through a negotiated settlement ushered in a democratic South Africa; consequently the country was readmitted into global politics after decades of isolation. The experience influenced the country’s ambitions to play ...

Nigeria's Democracy and the Crisis of Political Instability : An Audit of the Electrical System

"In this lecture, I have tried to look at Nigeria’s electoral system and the consequences on political stability. Unfortunately, I have only done this superficially for reasons which I believe are quite obvious to this very distinguished gathering...

Piracy in Africa : The Case of the Gulf of Guinea

Piracy in Africa’s Gulf of Guinea has long-range and potential long-term strategic implications for the economic, physical, and energy security concerns of the United States and its global allies. Unlike the situation off the coast of Somalia, pir...

Côte d'Ivoire : Chronique d'une Transition Ratée / Ivory Coast: Chronicle of a Failed Transition

Holding an iron hand for thirty years under the one-party rule, Côte d'Ivoire has developed through the political direction of a man called:Felix Houphouet-Boigny. Around its single party, the Democratic Party of Cote d'Ivoire (PDCI), managed to ...

Arresting Corruption in Africa: Role of the Youth

Young people are most exposed to and hardest hit by corruption in Africa. Corruption remains a major obstacle to the continent’s social, political and economic transformation, and the causal relationship between corruption and instability is parti...

Coopération Contre la Criminalité Transnationale : Cas de la Zone de Paix et de Coopération de l’Atlantique Sud – ZOPACAS/ Cooperation Against Transnational Crime: The Case of the Peace Zone and of Cooperation with the South Atlantic

While the threats, which transnational organized crime presented in the 1970s, were seen as secondary, the change in its nature, the increase in its risks and it being increasingly stigmatized as responsible for political instabilities and certain...

Economics, Governance and Instability in South Africa

This paper analyzes the economic and social underpinnings of rising political instability in South Africa such as poverty, unemployment and inequality. The analysis in this document indicates that the types of violence most feared by people, such ...

The East African Community takes on the Burundi crisis

The East African Community has been a key player in attempts to resolve the ongoing instability in Burundi, since 2014. The organization recognized early on that a crisis was looming, however it waited too long to act at the highest level and wa...

The Impact of Conflict and Political Instability on Agricultural Investments in Mali and Nigeria

This paper specifically analyzes the cases of ongoing violence in Mali and Nigeria that continue to undermine agricultural productivity and investment. At the outset, it needs to be noted that these two conflicts—despite sharing similar jihadist e...

The Tragedy of Natural Resources Dependent Pastoral Communities: A case of Teso-Karamoja Border Land Conflict

"This research sought to establish the linkages between land scarcity, security and ethnic conflict among the Itesot and the Karimojong in Katakwi- Moroto districts and identify options on how to resolve the conflict. Katakwi district is occupied...

Conflict and Gender Study – South Sudan Addressing Root Causes Programme

Significant effort has already gone into studying how best to design a root cause fund programme - aimed at tackling the root causes of recurring cycles of conflict and fragile resilience - in order to maximize impact within what is an extremely d...

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