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Damned to Desperation: The Gendered Nature of Disruptive Politics among South African Youth

South Africa’s youth are often portrayed in the media as being at the forefront of xenophobic attacks, looting foreign-owned stores and participating in social movements and disruptive protests. Young men are identified as more likely than young wo…

Salvaging South Sudan’s Fragile Peace Deal

This report reconstructs the background to the new peace deal, identifies the biggest immediate dangers to the agreement and suggests some ways of heading off those perils before they risk becoming mortal. It is based on two years of fieldwork consi…

Madagascar: Anatomy of a Recurrent Crisis

"This paper examines three key issues: firstly, it seeks to answer the question as to why there was an unconstitutional change of government in Madagascar. This is in view of the debate around the appropriate qualification of the way in which Rajo…

SAIIA International Affairs Bulletin, vol. 1, no. 1, 1977

This International Affairs Bulletin contains five articles: James Mayall’s article deals with Soviet and Chinese policies in Africa. It concentrates on Southern Africa, but Soviet and Chinese policies in the sub-continent should be related to their…

Containing conflict in the Congo

The current conflict in the Democratic Republic of the Congo is a political labyrinth, obstructive and chaotic. The update addresses the conflict in 1960 as well as the 1999 conflict with the Congolese government claiming that external invasions ar…

Sierra Leone burns while the UN fiddles

The Revolutionary United Front in Sierra Leone shows signs of breaking into smaller factions however the possibility of long term peace remains elusive. Although the RUF leader remains in prison this is not deterring the RUF from initiating severa…

What Does the Future Hold for SACU? From Own Goal to Laduma! Scenarios for the Future of the Southern African Customs Union

"A group of Southern African Customs Union (SACU) experts and interested parties recently participated in a scenario-planning exercise on the future of SACU. This paper gives an account of the scenarios developed, which range from SACU collapsing to…

Somalia - the dark side of humanity

This brief report describes the conflict in Somalia, which originates in the fact that General Mohammed Farah Aidid do not recognise Ali Mahdi as the interim president, leading to armed conflict. During the Cold War, the US and the USSR viewed Somal…

Zimbabwe before and after the elections: A concerned assessment

An economic turnaround in Zimbabwe hinges on the re-establishment of the rule of law and, more immediately the staging of free and fair presidential elections by March 2002. The opportunity to facilitate this, and the role of the SADC and SA is key …

West Africa: The silent revolution

This brief report deals with West Africa, which has been plagued by political instability and economic mismanagement. Recent events indicate that the region is undergoing a profound transition, but the process has not been uniform. This report di…

La Violence Politique a Encore le Vent en Poupe en Guinée / Political Violence Still on the Rise in Guinea

Violence is the use of physical or psychological force to coerce, dominate, cause harm or death. It can be caused by misunderstanding, drunkenness or drugs, home or street aggression, political or religious extremism - the circumstances and patterns…

Political Instability, FDI and Economic Growth in Sub-Saharan African Countries: Evidence from Modelling Dynamic Simultaneous Equations

The aim of this study is to examine the consequences of interaction between political instability and foreign direct investment (FDI) on economic growth of 31 countries in Sub-Saharan Africa in order to analyse one of the channels through which po…

Youth Unemployment and Political Stability in Côte D'ivoire

The objective of this study is to analyze the nexus between youth unemployment and political instability in Côte d'Ivoire. To achieve this objective, we used a regional approach to conduct analysis on the relationship between political instability a…

Le Chômage des Jeunes et l’Instabilité Politique en Côte d’Ivoire/ Youth Unemployment and Political Instability in Côte D'ivoire

The objective of this study is to analyze the nexus between youth unemployment and political instability in Côte d'Ivoire. To achieve this objective, we used a regional approach to conduct analysis on the relationship between political instability a…

Threats to Credible Elections in Cote D'Ivoire: An Overview

Cote d’Ivoire is one of six ECOWAS member states scheduled to hold elections in 2020. The 31 October vote will be the fifth presidential election since the death of the ‘pere foundateur de la nation’ (father of the nation) Felix Houphouet Boigny in …

Burkina Faso Elections, Another Box to Check

In October 2014, Burkina Faso entered a new era when a social uprising resulted in the overthrow after 27 years of President Blaise Compaoré. The uprising was triggered by Compaoré’s attempt to amend the constitution so he could run for another term…

Flirting with Hyenas: How External Interests are Fuelling Instability in the Horn of Africa

This study examines how external factors are destabilizing the Horn of Africa region. The objective is to demonstrate how external commercial, geostrategic, political, and military interests are contributing significantly to this phenomenon, and exp…

Crisis in Sudan: Pathways to Stability

This policy brief highlights the dynamic political history of Sudan under the recently deposed president, Omar al-Bashir, up until the current political transition in the country. The brief proffers various options for long-term stability and peace …

A Course Correction for the Sahel Stabilisation Strategy

Since 2013, when France sent troops to stop a jihadist advance on Mali’s capital Bamako and kick militants out of the country’s north, outside powers have been working to stabilise the Sahel. Paris has led the strategy, which is multifaceted but hea…

Réordonner les Stratégies de Stabilisation du Sahel / A Course Correction for the Sahel Stabilisation Strategy

Since 2013, when France sent troops to stop a jihadist advance on Mali’s capital Bamako and kick militants out of the country’s north, outside powers have been working to stabilise the Sahel. Paris has led the strategy, which is multifaceted but hea…

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