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BRIC and IBSA Forums: Neo-liberals in Disguise or Champions of the South?

South–South co-operation has existed for many decades and has played a key role in solidifying unity among developing countries. However, the concept of South–South co-operation has evolved from being concerned with geopolitics and opposing imperial…

SAIIA International Affairs Bulletin, vol. 12, no. 1, 1988

This International Affairs Bulletin contains three articles: The article by Hennie Kotzé, Pierre du Toit and Jan Gagiano describes options for the US concerning sanctions and South Africa. It address the argument that sanctions will promote a democ…

Democratisation in Tanzania: No Elections Without Tax Exemptions

A demand-supply framework has been developed and applied to Tanzania to explore the link between democratisation, economic liberalisation and the use of tax exemptions to fund political parties’ electoral campaigns. In Tanzania, the demand for this…

The Political Economy of Migration in Africa

At an estimated 250 million people, migrants make up about 3% of the global population. Clearly, migration is a common phenomenon among human beings who either choose to move or are forced to do so by natural disasters (such as drought, flooding, cl…

Fuel Subsidy Reform and the Social Contract in Nigeria: A Micro-economic Analysis

This paper provides rigorous empirical evidence about the determinants of support for fuel subsidy reforms in Africa’s largest economy – Nigeria. Fuel subsidies in Nigeria are large – at the last estimate the state subsidises petrol to the tune of a…

Political Economy of Climate Finance in Africa

Literature on global environmental governance (GEG) is vast and crosses multiple disciplines, but relatively less of it directly focuses on climate finance suggesting that the subject is quite nascent and is in the early stages of rapid expansion. D…

The State of Major Macroeconomic Indicators in Ethiopia and Proposed Directions

The current state of the Ethiopian political Economy can best be captured by the contrast between the promise of the ruling party and people’s high expectation from the new administration which was inaugurated on October 4, 2021. On the economic fro…

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