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Crime and Policing in Transitions: Comparative Perspectives

“The following discussion broadly reflects the debate which took place at the conference. It does not attempt to be a summary of all the papers presented but instead seeks to give a flavour of both the issues discussed and some of the tentative conc…

The Preparedness of the Uganda Police to Ensure a Free, Fair and Violent-free Elections in 2011

"In recent years, Uganda has experienced violent riots and tensions surrounding elections. With violence reported in the most recent by-elections, the 2011 general elections have the unfortunate potential of erupting into serious violence, particula…

Judicial systems in Sierra Leone, Tanzania and Zambia

"Some of the problems associated with the judiciary of the countries had their roots in ineffective and inappropriate police and prosecutorial practices. For example,delay in trials and case overload were often the result of police and prosecutorial…

Prosecution in Sierra Leone, Tanzania and Zambia

"Prosecutors are primarily responsible for preparing charges and arraigning accused persons before competent courts or tribunals for trial. The primary duty of the prosecutor ‘is to seek justice as well as to convict those who are guilty’. In an ide…

Criminal Justice System in Sierra Leone

"This policy brief assesses the criminal justice system in Sierra Leone and makes pertinent recommendations to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the system. It focuses on policing and prosecution, prisons, the judiciary, access to justic…

The State of the Region Security Sector Governance in Southern Africa

"The aim of this conference was to explore dynamics that influence the democratic governance of the security sector in Southern Africa. The 1990s was a period of democratic transition for many states in Southern Africa. These transitions often enta…

The Security Sector in Southern Africa

"The case studies in this monograph begin to close the gap by sketching the political environments that are operative in the selected countries; outlining the constitutional clauses and policy and legal frameworks that govern the security sector; p…

The Criminal Justice System in Zambia Enhancing the Delivery of Security in Africa

"The outcome of the study indicates that Zambia needs to undertake major reforms in its criminal justice system to enhance efficiency and effectiveness. Many important protocols in this area have not yet been ratified, while the country’s capacity…

A Survey of Crime Victims in Sierra Leone May to June 2008

"The crime victimisation survey conducted in Sierra Leone was part of a broader review of the empirical evidence on the state of crime and criminal justice and its impact on the political processes in four other African countries – Zambia, Tanzania,…

A Survey of Crime Victims in Benin

"This victim survey raises a number of issues about crime control strategies in the country. The government should improve its crime-fighting strategies, in both rural and urban areas in order to ensure the security of citizens. Such measures shoul…

Policing in South Africa in 2007: Key Issues and Developments

"In November 2007 the Institute for Security Studies (ISS) organised a conference on key issues and developments on policing in South Africa,funded by the Open Society Foundation of South Africa and the Hanns Seidel Foundation. An important theme th…

Rainbow Tenement. Crime and policing in inner Johannesburg

"This monograph summarises the findings of the last of these components: a 1,100 household victim survey conducted in Johannesburg Central and Hillbrow police station areas in March 2002 and a follow-up 201 household survey conducted in Hillbrow res…

Police-citizen Interaction in Africa: An Exploration of Factors that Influence Victim's Reporting of Crimes

While personal insecurity in Africa is typically associated with civil wars, crime is actually a far more common threat to the continent’s citizens. Rates of homicide, sexual assault, and property crime in Africa are often far higher than global a…

Disaster Appropriate Policing in South Africa: Protests and State Violence in the COVID-19 Era

This policy brief examines South African Police Services (SAPS) responses to public protests since the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic in South Africa. It highlights an increased use of state violence and excessive force in response to such protests.…

Building Research Evidence that Works for Policing

There is almost no evidence that policing in South Africa reduces crime or improves feelings of safety. This does not mean that it has no impact. It means only that the link between police activities, and levels of crime, perceptions of safety, fear…

What Works in South African Policing?

This report critically reviews the literature for the best available evidence on whether the South African police have achieved their mandate. It offers a reasonable but rigorous evaluation of research for evidence-based policing. Policing research …

Lockdown Lessons: Violence and Policing in a Pandemic

Patterns of violence significantly changed with the introduction of South Africa’s 2020 COVID-19 lockdown. By monitoring murder trends, carrying out interviews and conducting a survey of over 5 000 residents in Cape Town, the Western Cape Government…

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