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Peace & Security Council Report Issue 111

The Peace and Security Council Report analyses developments and decisions at the African Union Peace and Security Council (PSC). The monthly publication is the only one of its kind dedicated to providing current analysis of the PSC’s work. In this e…

Power and Influence: Identifying Champions of Change in SADC

This policy brief explores the notion of power in the Southern African Development Community (SADC). It examines which countries have excelled in areas prioritised in SADC's common agenda, which is shaped by the revised Regional Indicative Strateg…

La RCA face au Pari de la Paix après l’Accord de Khartoum: Obstacles à éviter et Défis à Relever / CAR facing the Peace gamble after the Khartoum Agreement: Obstacles to Avoid and Challenges to Overcome

For Jimmy Carter, "We can choose to alleviate suffering. We can choose to work together for peace. We can make these changes - and we must ". In the same vein, the Norwegian political scientist, a great theorist of peace, Johan Galtung makes a disti…

Promoting Greater Youth Inclusion and Participation for Better Peace-building in the Mano River Basin

For several decades, youth in the Mano River Basin were marginalized by their states, which subjected them to social injustices that left them angry and disillusioned. The result was the involvement of young people in more than a decade of violent…

African Union’s Securitization of Youth: A Milestone for Regional Coordination of Youth Programmes in Peace and Security

African youth make up a third of the continent‟s population, however, they are vulnerable to human security issues that range from ethno-religious crises, political violence, piracy and maritime insecurity to an upsurge of religious fundamentalis…

Peace and Security Council Report No.112

This report consists of several articles. The first article ‘The AU saves the CAR deal in extremis, but it needs to do more’ discusses the African Unions reaction to the February peace deal in the Central African Republic. The increased number of …

Counter-Terrorism, Human Rights and the Rule of Law in West Africa

International law and global policy place counter-terrorism firmly within a rule of law and human rights framework. By focussing on securitised responses to terrorism, countries in West Africa risk undermining the rule of law, compromising human rig…

Less than the Sum of its Parts: Europe’s Fixation with Libyan Border Security

Europe views the drop in migration from Libya to Europe as a success. The EU and member states have buttressed Libya’s border security by training and equipping formal forces, working with hybrid security forces, and making deals with armed groups. …

Peace & Security Council Report Issue 113

This report analyses, using concrete examples, the potential challenges facing six of the RECs and the resultant implications for the division of labour between them and the AU, looking at peace and security, governance, elections, economic integrat…

Peace and Security Council Report Issue No.114 June 2019

This article ‘AU summit: Will free trade be Africa’s economic game changer?’ discusses the importance and economic possibilities of the establishment of the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCTA). In ‘Dangers ahead for Sudan after its suspensio…

African Union Stance on the Sahara Issue: Incipient Change

Morocco’s return to its “institutional family" by joining the African Union (AU) two years ago heralds renewed hope for positive progress in terms of the Organization's stance on the Sahara issue. This comeback, however, also raises fears and appreh…

La Position de l’Union Africaine sur la Question du Sahara : le Début d’un Changement / African Union Stance on the Sahara Issue: Incipient Change

Morocco’s return to its “institutional family" by joining the African Union (AU) two years ago heralds renewed hope for positive progress in terms of the Organization's stance on the Sahara issue. This comeback, however, also raises fears and appreh…

Kingdom of Lesotho: Conflict Insight

The Kingdom of Lesotho is a landlocked country surrounded entirely by South Africa. It has a population of about 2.2 million and a total land area of 30.4 square kilometers. Since gaining independence from British rule in 1966, Lesotho has faced var…

State of Peace and Security in Africa 2019

There is a sense of déjà vu that 2019 may replay several of the key trends that were predominant in 2018, as subsequent chapters in this Report indicate. For instance, three out of four African citizens now live in countries where governance has imp…

A Tale of Two Councils: Strengthening AU-UN Cooperation

The growing distance between the PSC and the Security Council serves neither body and inhibits each in its efforts to advance peace and security in Africa. This report explores the roots of this trend. It then recommends a series of modest steps tha…

Colloquium on Ensuring Peaceful Elections in Ghana: 'Preserving National Security in Elections 2012 and Beyond’

The Kofi Annan International Peacekeeping Training Centre (KAIPTC) supported by the German International Development Cooperation (GIZ) and other partners is organizing a colloquium to critically consider the possible challenges and threats to peace …

Peace & Security Council Report Issue 118

The article ‘Africa needs a continental strategy on foreign terrorist fighters' discusses the results of the defeat of the Islamic State in Syria and Iraq, as many African terrorist fighters are now returning home. Although numbers are difficult to…

A Roundup of Strategic Developments and Trends in Africa in 2019

The domestic, regional and global contexts across Africa have pointed to a number of developments and trends in the course of 2019 that have a bearing on the considerations and policy responses of policy makers in both the short-term and the long-te…

The Price of Peace: Securing UN Financing for AU Peace Operations

A proposal to use UN assessed contributions as a means of providing sustainable and predictable financing for African Union (AU) peace support operations is perhaps the most contentious issue facing the two institutions. The Security Council’s attem…

Implementing Peace and Security Architecture (III): West Africa

Three case studies discussed in this document, illustrated ECOWAS’s interventions in crisis situations during the last fifteen years and prompt a series of observations. Firstly, this particularly troubled region is marked by a succession and juxta…

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