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Security and Development in the Horn of Africa: Emerging Powers, and Competing Regionalisms

Emerging powers are becoming centers for varieties of conflict as well as development. With a focus on the complexities of the Horn of Africa, we highlight non-traditional security (NTS) – transnational challenges including ‘fragile states’, terrori…

What is at Stake for the DRC Presidential Election?

On August 8, 2018, Joseph Kabila, president of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), announced that he would not participate as a candidate for the presidency in elections scheduled to take place on December 23, 2018. He picked former interior mi…

Peace & Security Council Report Issue 111

The Peace and Security Council Report analyses developments and decisions at the African Union Peace and Security Council (PSC). The monthly publication is the only one of its kind dedicated to providing current analysis of the PSC’s work. In this e…

Power and Influence: Identifying Champions of Change in SADC

This policy brief explores the notion of power in the Southern African Development Community (SADC). It examines which countries have excelled in areas prioritised in SADC's common agenda, which is shaped by the revised Regional Indicative Strateg…

La RCA face au Pari de la Paix après l’Accord de Khartoum: Obstacles à éviter et Défis à Relever / CAR facing the Peace gamble after the Khartoum Agreement: Obstacles to Avoid and Challenges to Overcome

For Jimmy Carter, "We can choose to alleviate suffering. We can choose to work together for peace. We can make these changes - and we must ". In the same vein, the Norwegian political scientist, a great theorist of peace, Johan Galtung makes a disti…

Promoting Greater Youth Inclusion and Participation for Better Peace-building in the Mano River Basin

For several decades, youth in the Mano River Basin were marginalized by their states, which subjected them to social injustices that left them angry and disillusioned. The result was the involvement of young people in more than a decade of violent…

African Union’s Securitization of Youth: A Milestone for Regional Coordination of Youth Programmes in Peace and Security

African youth make up a third of the continent‟s population, however, they are vulnerable to human security issues that range from ethno-religious crises, political violence, piracy and maritime insecurity to an upsurge of religious fundamentalis…

Peace and Security Council Report No.112

This report consists of several articles. The first article ‘The AU saves the CAR deal in extremis, but it needs to do more’ discusses the African Unions reaction to the February peace deal in the Central African Republic. The increased number of …

Counter-Terrorism, Human Rights and the Rule of Law in West Africa

International law and global policy place counter-terrorism firmly within a rule of law and human rights framework. By focussing on securitised responses to terrorism, countries in West Africa risk undermining the rule of law, compromising human rig…

Less than the Sum of its Parts: Europe’s Fixation with Libyan Border Security

Europe views the drop in migration from Libya to Europe as a success. The EU and member states have buttressed Libya’s border security by training and equipping formal forces, working with hybrid security forces, and making deals with armed groups. …

Peace & Security Council Report Issue 113

This report analyses, using concrete examples, the potential challenges facing six of the RECs and the resultant implications for the division of labour between them and the AU, looking at peace and security, governance, elections, economic integrat…

Peace and Security Council Report Issue No.114 June 2019

This article ‘AU summit: Will free trade be Africa’s economic game changer?’ discusses the importance and economic possibilities of the establishment of the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCTA). In ‘Dangers ahead for Sudan after its suspensio…

African Union Stance on the Sahara Issue: Incipient Change

Morocco’s return to its “institutional family" by joining the African Union (AU) two years ago heralds renewed hope for positive progress in terms of the Organization's stance on the Sahara issue. This comeback, however, also raises fears and appreh…

La Position de l’Union Africaine sur la Question du Sahara : le Début d’un Changement / African Union Stance on the Sahara Issue: Incipient Change

Morocco’s return to its “institutional family" by joining the African Union (AU) two years ago heralds renewed hope for positive progress in terms of the Organization's stance on the Sahara issue. This comeback, however, also raises fears and appreh…

Kingdom of Lesotho: Conflict Insight

The Kingdom of Lesotho is a landlocked country surrounded entirely by South Africa. It has a population of about 2.2 million and a total land area of 30.4 square kilometers. Since gaining independence from British rule in 1966, Lesotho has faced var…

State of Peace and Security in Africa 2019

There is a sense of déjà vu that 2019 may replay several of the key trends that were predominant in 2018, as subsequent chapters in this Report indicate. For instance, three out of four African citizens now live in countries where governance has imp…

A Tale of Two Councils: Strengthening AU-UN Cooperation

The growing distance between the PSC and the Security Council serves neither body and inhibits each in its efforts to advance peace and security in Africa. This report explores the roots of this trend. It then recommends a series of modest steps tha…

Implementing Peace and Security Architecture (III): West Africa

Three case studies discussed in this document, illustrated ECOWAS’s interventions in crisis situations during the last fifteen years and prompt a series of observations. Firstly, this particularly troubled region is marked by a succession and juxta…

Barack Obama “Discovered” Africa for America

The theme of the US Africa Summit held in Washington DC, in August 2014, was “Investing in the Next Generation”. This 3 day summit was the first such summit organized between America and Africa. President Barack Obama, the 44th President of the Uni…

China-Africa: A Maturing Relationship? Growth, Change and Resilience

"This event focused on three areas: ● China’s changing role in the global economy and the impact of this on African economies, as well as on development in Africa generally; ● the role of natural resources and wildlife in China-Africa trade, inclu…

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