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Implementing Peace and Security Architecture (III): West Africa

Three case studies discussed in this document, illustrated ECOWAS’s interventions in crisis situations during the last fifteen years and prompt a series of observations. Firstly, this particularly troubled region is marked by a succession and juxta…

Barack Obama “Discovered” Africa for America

The theme of the US Africa Summit held in Washington DC, in August 2014, was “Investing in the Next Generation”. This 3 day summit was the first such summit organized between America and Africa. President Barack Obama, the 44th President of the Uni…

China-Africa: A Maturing Relationship? Growth, Change and Resilience

"This event focused on three areas: ● China’s changing role in the global economy and the impact of this on African economies, as well as on development in Africa generally; ● the role of natural resources and wildlife in China-Africa trade, inclu…

Exclusion and the Challenges of Peace Building in the Niger Delta : An Assessment of the Amnesty Programme

Increasingly recognized by the international community, peace-building is a necessary response to conflict situations, which seeks to prevent violent conflict or a relapse into conflict in states in transition and to build a viable and enduring basi…

More than a Chip off the Block: Strengthening IGAD–AU Peacebuilding Linkages

In principle, regional economic communities are an integral part of the African Peace and Security Architecture (APSA). As demonstrated by the APSA Roadmap 2016 –2020, it shows that they are a vital element in larger global peacebuilding structures…

Top Five Reasons Why Africa Should Be a Priority for the United States

"With the dramatic changes that have taken place over the last decade, sub-Saharan Africa has become increasingly important to the rest of the world. In the past, relationships for many African countries were dominated by the former colonial powers…

Providing Peace, Security and Justice in Ghana: The Role of Non-State Actors

Those “non-state” actors that deals with peace, security and justice are local non-statutory forms of security and justice providers that exist in most African communities. With their existence a fundamental element of security and justice for peop…

Ethiopia, Regional Integration and the COMESA Free Trade Area

Arguments that free trade enhances welfare are persuading more and more countries to liberalise their trade regimes. One way of doing this is to join a free trade area (FTA). The benefits of free trade are not straightforward, and countries conside…

African Architecture for Peace and Security: Relevance in the Design and Difficulties in Achievement / Architecture Africaine de Paix et de Sécurité : Pertinence dans la Conception et Difficultés dans les Réalisations

The great question that challenges Africans, in the field of safeguarding peace and security, remains the question of whether the Pan-African organization which aspires to lead the continent towards peace and prosperity and the human and material re…

2017 TANA Forum Report No Retreat, No Surrender

Various themes that link natural resource extraction and governance to violent conflict in Africa is explored in this background paper, which not only captures the state of practice in natural resource governance from the vantage point of various ke…

Towards a New Pax Africana : Making, Keeping and Building Peace in Post Cold War Africa

CCR hosted a policy research seminar on “Towards a New Pax Africana: Making, Keeping, and Building Peace in Post-Cold War Africa”. The meeting convened about 30 leading practitioners, scholars, and civil society activists from Africa, Asia, Europe…

Governance and Security Challenges in Post Apartheid Southern Africa

This policy brief considers the key governance and security challenges facing Southern Africa, with a focus on the 15-member Southern African Development Community (SADC) sub-region’s progress towards democracy, and its peacemaking, peacekeeping, an…

The African Union at Ten: Aspirations and Reality

The Centre for Conflict Resolution (CCR), Cape Town, South Africa, and the Friedrich Ebert Stiftung (FES), Berlin, Germany, hosted a colloquium in Berlin, from 30 to 31 August 2012, on “The African Union at Ten: Aspirations and Reality”. The Africa…

South Africa in Southern Africa

The Centre for Conflict Resolution (CCR), Cape Town, South Africa, hosted a policy advisory group seminar at Erinvale Estate, Western Cape, South Africa, from 19 to 20 November 2012 on “South Africa in Southern Africa”. The meeting focused on seven …

Post Conflict Reconstruction in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC)

This report deals with the policy advisory group seminar, which was held in Cape Town on 19 and 20 April 2010 on the theme “Post-Conflict Reconstruction in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC)”. The meeting, which was held in response to a r…

Report on the 5th Tana High level Forum on Security in Africa

The 5th Tana High-Level Forum on Security in Africa, also known as the “Tana Forum”, took place on 16-17 April 2016, in Bahir Dar, Ethiopia, on the theme: Africa in the Global Security Agenda. It is gratifying that in less than half a decade, the Ta…

Peace & Security Council Report Issue 118

The article ‘Africa needs a continental strategy on foreign terrorist fighters' discusses the results of the defeat of the Islamic State in Syria and Iraq, as many African terrorist fighters are now returning home. Although numbers are difficult to…

A Roundup of Strategic Developments and Trends in Africa in 2019

The domestic, regional and global contexts across Africa have pointed to a number of developments and trends in the course of 2019 that have a bearing on the considerations and policy responses of policy makers in both the short-term and the long-te…

The Price of Peace: Securing UN Financing for AU Peace Operations

A proposal to use UN assessed contributions as a means of providing sustainable and predictable financing for African Union (AU) peace support operations is perhaps the most contentious issue facing the two institutions. The Security Council’s attem…

Assessment of Internal and External Risks Associated with the Implementation of the African Union's Agenda 2063

Agenda 2063 represents a transformative vision of the African Union (AU) to achieve “an integrated, prosperous and peaceful Africa, driven by its own citizens and representing a dynamic force in the global arena” (AUC 2014). In celebration of the 5…

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