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Top Five Reasons Why Africa Should Be a Priority for the United States

"With the dramatic changes that have taken place over the last decade, sub-Saharan Africa has become increasingly important to the rest of the world. In the past, relationships for many African countries were dominated by the former colonial powe...

Providing Peace, Security and Justice in Ghana: The Role of Non-State Actors

Those “non-state” actors that deals with peace, security and justice are local non-statutory forms of security and justice providers that exist in most African communities. With their existence a fundamental element of security and justice for pe...

Ethiopia, Regional Integration and the COMESA Free Trade Area

Arguments that free trade enhances welfare are persuading more and more countries to liberalise their trade regimes. One way of doing this is to join a free trade area (FTA). The benefits of free trade are not straightforward, and countries consi...

Implementing Peace and Security Architecture (III): West Africa

Three case studies discussed in this document, illustrated ECOWAS’s interventions in crisis situations during the last fifteen years and prompt a series of observations. Firstly, this particularly troubled region is marked by a succession and jux...

Barack Obama “Discovered” Africa for America

The theme of the US Africa Summit held in Washington DC, in August 2014, was “Investing in the Next Generation”. This 3 day summit was the first such summit organized between America and Africa. President Barack Obama, the 44th President of the U...

China-Africa: A Maturing Relationship? Growth, Change and Resilience

"This event focused on three areas: ● China’s changing role in the global economy and the impact of this on African economies, as well as on development in Africa generally; ● the role of natural resources and wildlife in China-Africa trade, inc...

Exclusion and the Challenges of Peace Building in the Niger Delta : An Assessment of the Amnesty Programme

Increasingly recognized by the international community, peace-building is a necessary response to conflict situations, which seeks to prevent violent conflict or a relapse into conflict in states in transition and to build a viable and enduring ba...

More than a Chip off the Block: Strengthening IGAD–AU Peacebuilding Linkages

In principle, regional economic communities are an integral part of the African Peace and Security Architecture (APSA). As demonstrated by the APSA Roadmap 2016 –2020, it shows that they are a vital element in larger global peacebuilding structur...

Assessment of Internal and External Risks Associated with the Implementation of the African Union's Agenda 2063

Agenda 2063 represents a transformative vision of the African Union (AU) to achieve “an integrated, prosperous and peaceful Africa, driven by its own citizens and representing a dynamic force in the global arena” (AUC 2014). In celebration of the...

Horn of Africa Bulletin Vol 30 No 1 January-February 2018

The January-February 2018 issue of the Horn of Africa Bulletin seeks to explore and interrogate the correlations between youth on the one hand, and conflict and peace dynamics on the other. During episodes of political instability and conflict, ...

Peacekeeping in Africa: The Importance of the Regional?

Violent conflict continues to be a drain on Africa economically, and a disruption politically. Efforts at conflict prevention and peacekeeping have grown in scale with the UN firmly in the lead in the latter with substantial missions in Mali, the...

South Sudan Conflict Insight

The area that is today’s South Sudan was once a marginalized region in the Republic of Sudan administered by tribal chiefs during the British colonial period (1899-1955). In the 1950s, marginalization gave rise to the Anyanya I rebellion, spearhea...

Rejoining the High Table: South Africa and the UN Security Council

On 8 June 2018, South Africa was elected for the third time as a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council, for the period 2019 to 2020. The South African government now has the opportunity to develop a strategy that will guide the country...

Security and Development in the Horn of Africa: Emerging Powers, and Competing Regionalisms

Emerging powers are becoming centers for varieties of conflict as well as development. With a focus on the complexities of the Horn of Africa, we highlight non-traditional security (NTS) – transnational challenges including ‘fragile states’, terro...

What is at Stake for the DRC Presidential Election?

On August 8, 2018, Joseph Kabila, president of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), announced that he would not participate as a candidate for the presidency in elections scheduled to take place on December 23, 2018. He picked former interior ...

Peace & Security Council Report Issue 111

The Peace and Security Council Report analyses developments and decisions at the African Union Peace and Security Council (PSC). The monthly publication is the only one of its kind dedicated to providing current analysis of the PSC’s work. In this...

Power and Influence: Identifying Champions of Change in SADC

This policy brief explores the notion of power in the Southern African Development Community (SADC). It examines which countries have excelled in areas prioritised in SADC's common agenda, which is shaped by the revised Regional Indicative Strat...

La RCA face au Pari de la Paix après l’Accord de Khartoum: Obstacles à éviter et Défis à Relever / CAR facing the Peace gamble after the Khartoum Agreement: Obstacles to Avoid and Challenges to Overcome

For Jimmy Carter, "We can choose to alleviate suffering. We can choose to work together for peace. We can make these changes - and we must ". In the same vein, the Norwegian political scientist, a great theorist of peace, Johan Galtung makes a dis...

Promoting Greater Youth Inclusion and Participation for Better Peace-building in the Mano River Basin

For several decades, youth in the Mano River Basin were marginalized by their states, which subjected them to social injustices that left them angry and disillusioned. The result was the involvement of young people in more than a decade of viole...

African Union’s Securitization of Youth: A Milestone for Regional Coordination of Youth Programmes in Peace and Security

African youth make up a third of the continent‟s population, however, they are vulnerable to human security issues that range from ethno-religious crises, political violence, piracy and maritime insecurity to an upsurge of religious fundamental...

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