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The AU and the search for Peace and Reconciliation in Burundi and Comoros

"This report highlights the AU’s role in deploying and supporting these mechanisms. At the beginning of both efforts, the OAU/AU faced tremendous difficulties in implementing its policy due to its administrative and logistical weaknesses. However,...

The Election of Dr Dlamini Zuma as AU Chairperson Towards Pan-Africanism and African Renaissance?

"This brief considers the hard-won victory of Dr Dlamini-Zuma, its implication for the global image of African states and the prospect of the new AU Commission leadership being able to promote a more effective AU. This brief highlights three m...

The OAU and peacekeeping

This international update concerns the renewal of the OAU. Since achieving its primary objective - democratisation in South Africa - the organisation has searched for a new vision and did so successfully by adopting the objectives of economic inte...

Sanctions against South Africa

This paper is the result of a study group on sanctions against South Africa. The first paper discusses the sanctions against South Africa in the EEC. The implications of sanctions as well as the reasons for implementing sanctions against Africa fr...

The OAU and African Sub Regional Organisations - A Closer Look at the ‘Peace Pyramid’

"The aim of this paper is, firstly, to try and place African subregional organisations (and their member states) in a security context, and to identify their perceived place in conflict management endeavours. This is followed by the generation of ...

The organisation of African Unity (OAU) and peacemaking in the 1990's

This brief report describes the Organisation of African Unity (OAU) as a continental peacemaker and explains its inability to advance peace in Africa, especially in the 1970s and 1980s, when Africa was plagued by a series of conflicts. Since it...

The OAU and African disunity

"The 19th Summit of the Organisation of African Unity (OAU) which was scheduled to meet in Tripoli in early August, failed to convene amidst controversy over a number of divisive issues. This Brief Report focusses on: 1)Background Inform...

The Organisation of African Unity: The crisis comes at last?

The Organisation of African Unity (OAU) was scheduled to hold its 20th Summit Meeting in Conakry (Capital of Guinea) in May. However, the death of President Sekou Toure of Guinea in March and the subsequent coup in Guinea raises some doubts about...

Lagos economic summit

"For six days at the end of April, the Organisation of African Unity (OAU) held its first economic summit in Lagos, Nigeria. Forty-nine of its fifty member states attended (the sole exception was Liberia). Yet the OAU has a long record of interes...

Going Public: How Africa's integration can work for the poor

"In the heyday of African nationalism, the continent’s founding fathers plotted their vision of pan-African unity. The twin paths of closer political and economic integration appeared to them as the only means to achieve dignity, prosperity and s...

The OAU/AU and an Africa at peace with itself: Time for serious business

'This Policy & Practice Brief (PPB) is a postscript to the Golden Jubilee celebrations of the founding of the Organisation of African Unity (OAU) and the 21st African Union (AU) Summit which took place in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia from 19 to 27 May 20...

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