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Mediating a Convoluted Conflict: South Africa’s Approach to the Inter-Party Negotiations in Zimbabwe

"This paper analyses South Africa’s facilitation approach to the inter-party negotiation process in Zimbabwe – from Mbeki’s ‘quiet diplomacy’ to current President Jacob Zuma's assertive stance – amid competing domestic and international interests....

Has South Africa Managed to Coordinate SADC’s Response to Zimbabwe?

"The end of apartheid in 1994 through a negotiated settlement ushered in a democratic South Africa; consequently the country was readmitted into global politics after decades of isolation. The experience influenced the country’s ambitions to play ...

African Journal on Conflict Resolution vol. 13, no. 3, 2013

"This special issue of the African Journal on Conflict Resolution (AJCR) on the theme Then and now: Perspectives on conflict resolution in South Africa (in honour of H.W. van der Merwe) is unconventional in that most of the contributions are ...

The African Union 2013 Golden Jubilee Report: 50 Years Of Peacemaking In Africa – A Critical Retrospective Of OAU/AU Peacemaking

"The Fourth African Union (AU) High-Level Retreat on the Promotion of Peace, Security and Stability in Africa was held in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire on 29 and 30 October 2013 under the theme '50 Years of peacemaking in Africa: A critical retrospective...

African Union Mediation Support Handbook

"This first revised edition serves as a general reference and field study guide for mediation teams and lead mediators deployed on AU mediation missions. It is a practical tool, based on the premise that mediation is a critical and complex skill t...

South Sudan: Keeping Faith with the IGAD Peace Process

With regard to contain and resolve the civil war, IGAD and its member states have contributed much time and political capital to this. Thus far, they have failed due to internal divisions and power struggles; centralization of decision-making and ...

Trilateral Development Cooperation can Enhance South Africa’s Development Partnership Capabilities in Peacebuilding and Post-Conflict Reconstruction

In keeping with its foreign policy identity which promotes peace, security and development on the continent, South Africa has played an important peacemaking role in Africa. This softer approach to post conflict reconstruction has been informed by...

Africa Mediators’ Retreat 2013

"This meeting report provides a summary of the discussions and highlights the issues which emerged during the retreat. The fourth Africa Mediators’ Retreat, which brings together experienced peacemaking actors to discuss conflict-related issues re...

Citizens in Action Making Peace in the Post Election Crisis in Kenya

This paper presents in some detail the story of a citizen diplomacy group, the Concerned Citizens for Peace (CCP), whose initiatives helped to rally the country toward dialogue and negotiations, thus serving as a precursor to the formal mediation ...

African Journal on Conflict Resolution vol. 15, no. 2, 2015

‘Towards a framework for resolving the justice and reconciliation question in Zimbabwe,’ proposes the reconstitution of ‘the political’ in Zimbabwe as a turning point towards a pursuit of healing and reconciliation mainly because a ‘paradigm of wa...

South Sudan: National Constitutive Dialogue as the only Way Forward towards a Viable Democratic Constitutional State

Shortly after the early June 2014 agreement was signed to form a transitional government of national unity within 60 days, on 23 June 2014, the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD)-led peace talks on South Sudan have adjourned the mu...

The Institutionalisation of Mediation Support within the ECOWAS Commission

"The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) Commission established the Mediation Facilitation Division (MFD) in June 2015 to backstop mediation efforts undertaken by its mediation organs, member states, non-state actors and joint init...

The African Union’s Panel of the Wise: A concise history

"The African Union Panel of the Wise has, since its launch in December 2007, become a key component of the African Peace and Security Architecture. Indeed, it is remarkable that in a mere eight years, the Panel has matured into a key conflict prev...

Mediation efforts in Somalia

"This paper reviews and assesses the past eighteen years of external mediation efforts aimed at ending Somalia’s protracted civil war and reviving a central government. It identifies lessons learned, summarizes ongoing debates about the most appr...

Mediation in African conflicts: The gap between mandate and capacity

"Given the frequency with which high-level peacemaking is undertaken in Africa, there is surprisingly little discussion in official circles about the science and art of mediation. The first part of this paper examines some of the specific problems...

China’s role in the mediation and resolution of conflict in Africa

"The salience of China in relation to Darfur has generated a paradox in popular perceptions whereby China is seen as both the cause and the potential solution to an armed conflict. Such a black-and-white view may make effective ammunition for advo...

Mediation efforts in Africa’s Great Lakes Region

"This paper reviews the mediation experiences by presenting a chronology that starts from Kenyan President Daniel Arap Moi's intervention in Uganda's civil war in 1985 and ends with Botswana's former President Ketumile Masire's mediation of the co...

Madagascar: Anatomy of a Recurrent Crisis

"This paper examines three key issues: firstly, it seeks to answer the question as to why there was an unconstitutional change of government in Madagascar. This is in view of the debate around the appropriate qualification of the way in which Ra...

Angola: Elusive peace?

This report considers the prospect of peace in Angola after 16 years of civil war. International mediation, especially by the United States and the Soviet Union, will hopefully overcome the remaining obstacles and culminate in a permanent cease-fi...

The Never-Ending Pursuit of the Lord’s Resistance Army: An Analysis of the Regional Cooperative Initiative for the Elimination of the LRA

“There has recently been heightened concern regarding the activities of the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA), one of the most deadly insurgent movements in Africa. The LRA can best be described as a quasireligious-rebel armed group that began operatin...

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