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Shocks, Livestock Asset Dymanics and Social Capital in Ethiopia

"This paper uses household survey panel data of 416 rural households to study livestock asset dynamics in the north-east of Ethiopia. The period under examination (1996-2003) was marked by severe environmental shocks, including a series of droughts…

African Journal on Conflict Resolution Vol. 1, No. 2, 2000

This journal has four articles. 'The sociology of insecurity: cattle rustling and banditry in North-Western Kenya' focuses on analysing new forms of banditry and cattle rustling in north-western Kenya. These phenomena involve both inter and intra-et…

Smallholders and Land Reform: A Realistic Perspective

The current heated debate on land reform is fuelled by bold pronouncements about how white-owned land should be secured for African people. But it is marked by an absence of detailed policy discussion about what should be done with the land that is …

Livestock Sector Dynamics from Policy Actors' Perspectives

The livestock sector in Kenya employs 90% of the rural population. This sector contributes about 42% of agricultural GDP and earns about 30% of the country foreign exchange through agricultural products. However the poverty-reduction potential has n…

Re-conceptualization of Wildlife Conservation Toward Resonation between Subsistence and Wildlife

The contents of this book were originally presented on the international workshop held at Nairobi on 7th August 2008. The purpose of these proceedings is to bring some hints for reconceptualization. Chapter 2 deals with community participation. Loca…

Heifer in Trust, Social Protection and Graduation : Conceptual Issues and Empirical Questions

The ‘heifer-in-trust’ or ‘livestock-in-kind credit’ model is being examined in this article through a social-protection lens. It seeks specifically, to engage with debates about the use of asset-based strategies to support graduation from social pro…

Assessment of the Impacts and Adaptive Capacity of the Machobane Farming System to Climate Change in Lesotho

Agriculture is the major source of income for the rural population in Lesotho. The arable land is about 9% of the total land area and the current crop yields are about half the level achieved in the late 1970s. The rural economy had been languishing…

Public Transfers and Subsistence Producer Disincentives in Botswana

"This paper investigates the disincentive effects of public transfers on subsistence producers in Botswana. Comparative statics analyses indicate that public transfers would not affect farm production when profit and utility maximization decisions a…

Assessment of Possible Intellectual Property Protection Options of Traditional Knowledge Systems in Ethiopia: Special Reference in Herbal Medicine for Livestock

"This research was initiated to exploit traditional knowledge on traditional herbal medicine with special reference to livestock. Healing with Ethiopian traditional medicine is not only concerned with curing of diseases but also with the protection…

Tracking Effective Indigenous Adaptation Strategies on Impacts of Climate Variability on Food Security and Health of Subsistence Farmers in Tanzania

"This brief addresses a number of policy related questions regarding effectiveness of indigenous adaptation strategies on impacts of climate variability on food security and health of subsistence farmers in Tanzania. The policy issues that are ad…

Patterns and Determinants of Livestock Farmers’ Choice of Marketing Channels: Micro-level Evidence

This paper investigates the patterns and determinants of smallholder livestock farmer’s market participation, as well as the market channel choice using a micro-lever survey data from Ethiopia. Binary logit and multinomial logit models have been app…

Export Competitiveness of Botswana’s Beef Industry

"We investigate Botswana’s beef export competitiveness using indices of Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA) and data for the period 1961-2011. Results indicate that Botswana has been the most competitive SADC beef exporter, and that it has compared…

Land Grabbing from within: Learning from Grazing Disputes in Western Kavango, Namibia

"A long-standing grazing dispute in Western Kavango Region in northern Namibia provides critical lessons on the challenges that people living in communal areas face to secure their land rights. In this case, several large livestock owners illegally …

Assessment of Possible Intellectual Property Protection Options of Traditional Knowledge Systems in Ethiopia: Special Reference in Herbal Medicine for Livestock

This research was initiated to exploit the traditional knowledge on traditional herbal medicine with special reference to livestock. Healing with Ethiopian traditional medicine is not only concerned with curing of diseases but also with the prote…

Livestock Associations and Cooperatives: Implications for Livestock Sector Transformation

Institutions are crucial in ensuring inclusive and transformative development of the livestock sector. Critical in these are institutions at the local government and grassroots level that act as social capital, extension support and regulator for li…

How Gaps in Traceability Systems affect Uganda's Livestock Sector Transformation

Strong livestock traceability systems are critical for transforming Uganda’s livestock sector and economy. Using desk reviews and key informant interviews, the findings show that while Uganda has an appropriate legal and regulatory framework governi…

Ending Nigeria's Herder-Farmer Crisis: The Livestock Reform Plan

In 2019, Nigerian authorities launched a ten-year National Livestock Transformation Plan to curtail the movement of cattle, boost livestock production and quell the country’s lethal herder-farmer conflict. But inadequate political leadership, delays…

Investing Sustainably in African Livestock Development: Opportunities and Trade-Offs

The production and consumption of animal source foods is central to the ongoing discussion of global food systems. The objectives of this report are first to describe the patterns and changing structures of the Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) livestock sec…

Study of Selected Livestock Innovations in Ethiopia

Ethiopia is endowed with significant livestock resources and holds the largest livestock population in Africa, estimated at around 60 million cattle, 60 million sheep and goats, 52 million chickens, 4.5 million camels, 10 million bee colonies and 7.…

Collapse, Conflict or Social Cohesion? Learning from Livestock Dipping Associations in Kwazulu-Natal

This working paper is about the revival of communal cattle dipping in post-apartheid KwaZulu-Natal, which has improved animal healthcare and strengthened the livelihoods of the black rural households that keep cattle in the province. Given that the …

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